Difference Wiki

Communism vs. Anarchism: What's the Difference?

Edited by Sumera Saeed || By Sawaira Riaz || Published on November 27, 2023
Communism is a political ideology advocating for a classless society and collective ownership, while anarchism seeks to abolish all forms of hierarchical authority.

Key Differences

Communism is a socio-economic system aiming for a classless, stateless society with collective ownership of production. While, anarchism opposes all hierarchical structures, advocating for a society without government or other authority figures.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 27, 2023
Communism often involves a transitional state to develop a society where goods are distributed as needed. However, anarchism seeks immediate dissolution of the state and all forms of coercive authority.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 27, 2023
In communism, the community collectively owns and controls resources and means of production. Meanwhile, anarchism emphasizes individual freedom and voluntary association without coercion or control by the state.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 27, 2023
Communism envisions an end state where the state 'withers away' to achieve a classless, stateless society. Whereas, anarchism is inherently skeptical of any transitional state, advocating for direct transition to stateless society.
Janet White
Nov 27, 2023
Communism has been associated with various movements and governments, often with centralized control. Anarchism, in contrast, inherently resists centralized control and authority, focusing on decentralization and autonomy.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 27, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Comparison Chart

Goal

Classless, stateless society
Society without hierarchical authority
Sumera Saeed
Nov 27, 2023

Means of Production

Collective ownership
Decentralized, autonomous control
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 27, 2023

Role of the State

Transitional state, then withering away
Immediate abolition of the state
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 27, 2023

Organizational Structure

Often centralized in practice
Decentralized, based on voluntary associations
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 27, 2023

Philosophical Focus

Class struggle, economic equality
Individual freedom, opposition to coercion
Janet White
Nov 27, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Communism and Anarchism Definitions

Communism

A system advocating for collective ownership of production.
Under communism, factories and resources are owned by the community.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 15, 2023

Anarchism

A movement aiming for radical social change to enhance individual freedom.
Anarchists often participate in protests to promote social liberty.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 15, 2023

Communism

A theory that proposes the abolition of private property.
Communism argues for the collective ownership of land and capital.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 15, 2023

Anarchism

Opposition to authoritarian governance and centralized power.
Anarchism opposes the idea of a ruling government or class.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Communism

A political movement aiming to create a communist society.
The communist party was working towards societal restructuring.
Harlon Moss
Nov 15, 2023

Anarchism

A political philosophy that opposes all forms of unjust hierarchy.
Anarchism advocates for a society free from government control.
Janet White
Nov 15, 2023

Communism

Ideology aiming for a classless society.
Communism seeks to eliminate the division between rich and poor.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 15, 2023

Anarchism

The idea of a stateless society based on voluntary associations.
In anarchism, communities are self-governed without a central authority.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 15, 2023

Communism

Economic system where goods are distributed as needed.
In communism, the distribution of food and resources is based on need.
Harlon Moss
Nov 15, 2023

Anarchism

The belief in abolishing all coercive institutions and structures.
Anarchism seeks to dismantle institutions like the police and military.
Harlon Moss
Nov 15, 2023

Communism

A theoretical economic system characterized by the collective ownership of property and by the organization of labor for the common advantage of all members.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 14, 2023

Anarchism

The theory or doctrine that all forms of government are oppressive and undesirable and should be abolished.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 14, 2023

Communism

A system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and a single, often authoritarian party holds power, claiming to make progress toward a higher social order in which all goods are equally shared by the people.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 14, 2023

Anarchism

Active resistance and terrorism against the state, as used by some anarchists.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 14, 2023

Communism

The Marxist-Leninist doctrine advocating revolution to overthrow the capitalist system and establish a dictatorship of the proletariat that will eventually evolve into a perfectly egalitarian and communal society.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 14, 2023

Anarchism

Rejection of all forms of coercive control and authority
"He was inclined to anarchism.
He hated system and organization and uniformity" (Bertrand Russell).
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 14, 2023

Communism

Any far-left political ideology or philosophy advocating holding the production of resources collectively, especially by seizing it through revolution.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 14, 2023

Anarchism

A political and philosophical belief that all forms of involuntary rule or government are undesirable, unnecessary, or unethical, and as such that society would function without a state.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 14, 2023

Communism

Any political social system that implements a communist political philosophy.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 14, 2023

Anarchism

A belief that proposes the abolition of hierarchy and authority in most forms.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 14, 2023

Communism

The international socialist society where classes, money, and the state no longer exist.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 14, 2023

Anarchism

The doctrine or practice of anarchists.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 14, 2023

Communism

A scheme of equalizing the social conditions of life; specifically, a scheme which contemplates the abolition of inequalities in the possession of property, as by distributing all wealth equally to all, or by holding all wealth in common for the equal use and advantage of all.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 14, 2023

Anarchism

A political theory favoring the abolition of governments
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 14, 2023

Communism

A form of socialism that abolishes private ownership
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 14, 2023

Communism

A political theory favoring collectivism in a classless society
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 14, 2023

FAQs

What is communism?

Communism is a political and economic ideology that advocates for a classless society in which all property and resources are communally owned.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 27, 2023

Has true communism ever been achieved?

Many argue that true communism, as described by Marx, has never been fully realized in any country.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 27, 2023

Who founded communism?

The foundations of modern communism are attributed to Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, who outlined their ideas in the "Communist Manifesto."
Sumera Saeed
Nov 27, 2023

What's a communist state?

A communist state is a nation governed by a single party that professes to follow communist ideology, often with a centralized government and planned economy.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 27, 2023

Does communism allow private property?

No, communism typically involves the abolition of private property in favor of communal ownership.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 27, 2023

Is communism against religion?

Traditional communism advocates for a secular state and views religion as an instrument of class oppression, but attitudes towards religion can vary in communist societies.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 27, 2023

What are the criticisms of communism?

Criticisms include lack of economic efficiency, suppression of individual rights, and the potential for authoritarian rule.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 27, 2023

What is anarchism?

Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates for a society free from involuntary or coercive forms of hierarchy and authority.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 27, 2023

What is mutual aid in anarchism?

Mutual aid is a key principle in anarchism, emphasizing voluntary reciprocal exchange of resources and services for mutual benefit.
Janet White
Nov 27, 2023

Can anarchism and capitalism coexist?

Most anarchist schools of thought oppose capitalism, seeing it as inherently hierarchical and exploitative.
Harlon Moss
Nov 27, 2023

How does anarchism propose to run a society?

Anarchist societies would be self-governed by voluntary associations, cooperatives, or communes, often based on principles of direct democracy or consensus decision-making.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 27, 2023

What's the difference between communism and socialism?

Socialism is a broader concept where resources are owned and managed by the community, but allows for some level of private property and market function, whereas communism advocates for complete communal ownership.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 27, 2023

Can communism and democracy coexist?

This is debated. Some argue communism inherently opposes democracy, while others believe democratic communism is possible.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 27, 2023

Is communism the same worldwide?

No, different countries have implemented various forms of communism, often with significant differences.
Harlon Moss
Nov 27, 2023

Who are famous anarchist thinkers?

Prominent anarchists include Mikhail Bakunin, Peter Kropotkin, and Emma Goldman.
Harlon Moss
Nov 27, 2023

Has a truly anarchist society ever existed?

While there have been communities and regions with anarchist principles, a fully anarchist state on a large scale has not been sustained.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 27, 2023

Do anarchists believe in laws?

Anarchists generally oppose laws imposed by a state, but many support mutually agreed upon rules or norms within a community.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 27, 2023

Are there different types of anarchism?

Yes, including anarcho-communism, anarcho-syndicalism, individualist anarchism, and more, each with different views on organization and economic systems.
Harlon Moss
Nov 27, 2023

Is anarchism the same as chaos?

No, anarchism advocates for organized society, but without a state or coercive authority, not for disorder or chaos.
Janet White
Nov 27, 2023

What are criticisms of anarchism?

Critics argue that anarchism is unrealistic, could lead to disorder, and lacks mechanisms to address large-scale societal issues.
Harlon Moss
Nov 27, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.
Edited by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.

Trending Comparisons

Popular Comparisons

New Comparisons