Difference Between Chess and Checkers

Main Difference

The main difference between Chess and Checkers is that Chess is a game with 16 game pieces for each player whereas Checkers is a game with 12 game pieces for each player.

Chess vs. Checkers

Different people play different types of games in their free time according to their interests. Chess and Checkers are the two most important games that are being played throughout the world. Both of these games are played on a game board that has 64 squares, arranged in an eight-by-eight grid. But, there are many differences too that exists between these two games. Chess was originated 6th century in India, where it was named as chaturanga, on the other hand, Checkers was originated in 3000 BC in England, and has resemblance with Draughts (A group of strategy board games). There are 16 game pieces for each player in chess, on the flip side, there are 12 game pieces for each player in checkers. White moves first in chess while, black moves first in checkers. All the game pieces in chess have their own movement; on the other side, all game pieces in checkers have the same movement. A pawn in chess can be promoted to any game piece’s ability, i.e., queen, rook, bishop, knight, etc. by reaching the farthest row forward whereas, a game piece in checkers can be promoted to a king (capability to move backward) by reaching the farthest row forward.

Comparison Chart

ChessCheckers
A game of 2 players in which each one moves 16 pieces according to fixed rules of game across a checkerboard and tries to checkmate the opponent’s king is known as chess.A group of strategy board games including two players that involve diagonal moves of game pieces and mandatory captures by jumping over the opponent pieces is known as checkers.
Origination
Chess was originated in 6th century in India, where it was named as chaturanga.Checkers was originated in 3000 BC in England and had resemblance with Draughts (A group of strategy board games).
Game Board
Chess is played on a game board with 64 squares that are arranged in an eight-by-eight grid.Checkers are played on a game board that has 64 squares, arranged in an eight-by-eight grid.
Number of Game Pieces
There are 16 game pieces for each player in chess.There are 12 game pieces for each player in checkers.
Rule
White moves first in chess.Black moves first in checkers.
Movement
All the game pieces in chess have their own movement.All game pieces in checkers have the same movement.
Game Pieces
A pawn in chess can be promoted to any game piece’s ability, i.e., queen, rook, bishop, knight, etc. by reaching the farthest row forward.A game piece in checkers can be promoted to a king (capability to move backward) by reaching the farthest row forward.

What is Chess?

Chess is a game of 2 players in which each one moves 16 pieces on a checkerboard with 64 squares according to fixed rules of the game and tries to checkmate the opponent’s king. It has a number of moves lie, king, queen, rook, bishop, knight, and pawn, etc.

Rules

  • The game is played on a checkerboard with 8×8 grid of alternate shades of white and black.
  • Each piece has its own movement.
  • The player with the white pieces will take the first move. Players then alternately move one piece per turn.
  • Once in every game, castling is allowed with special conditions. (i) The king or the rook has not been moved previously. (ii) There are no other pieces between the king and the rook. (iii) The king shouldn’t be in Check (when the king is under threat).
  • A pawn can be promoted to any rank if it has reached the eighth rank of the board.
  • Winning conditions include Checkmate, Resignation, Loss on time, and Forfeit.
  • Games can end in a draw if: (i) A player has no legal move. (ii) Both players agree. (iii) Both players are not able to keep away from repeating the same move. (iv) If during the first 50 moves no pieces were captured. (v) Pieces left on the board are not capable to checkmate one or the other (King vs. King).

What are Checkers?

Checkers is a form of Draughts (A group of strategy board games) in the UK that is a two-player board game having diagonal moves of game pieces on a checkerboard of 8×8 grid totaling 64 squares. Checkers are also known as straight checkers or American checkers.

Rules

  • Game is played by two players and each one have either black or white pieces.
  • There are 12 game pieces per side.
  • A player that have black pieces moves first, then alternates after each turn.
  • The movement could be only diagonal to an adjacent unoccupied square.
  • Only the dark squares of the checkerboard may be used.
  • A piece cannot jump backward (unless a king).
  • A piece can be crowned a king who is able to move backward including capturing an opponent’s piece and has the ability to make successive jumps as long as each jump is intended to capture or remove a piece. It is also true for non-king pieces, but they would not be able to jump backward.

Key Differences

  1. A game of 2 players in which each one moves 16 pieces according to fixed rules of game across a checkerboard and tries to checkmate the opponent’s king is known as chess. On the other side, a group of strategy board games for two players that involve diagonal moves of game pieces and captures by jumping over the opponent pieces is known as checkers.
  2. Chess was originated in 6th century in India, where it was named as On the other hand, Checkers was originated in 3000 BC in England and had resemblance with Draughts (A group of strategy board games).
  3. There are 16 game pieces for each player in chess conversely there are 12 game pieces for each player in checkers.
  4. White moves first in chess on the flip side, black moves first in checkers.
  5. All the game pieces in chess have their own movement on the other side, all game pieces in checkers have the same movement.
  6. A pawn in chess can be promoted to any game piece’s ability, i.e., queen, rook, bishop, knight, etc. by reaching the farthest row forward while, a game piece in checkers can be promoted to a king (capability to move backward) by reaching the farthest row forward.

Comparison Video

YouTube video

Conclusion

Above discussion summarizes that Chess is a two-person game on a checkerboard with 16 game pieces whereas, checkers is also a two-person game on checkerboard but with 12 game pieces and many other differences.

Author:

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson

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