Difference WikiBanking

Difference Between Cheque and Bill of Exchange

Main Difference

The main difference between Cheque and Bill of Exchange is that Cheque is an instrument that is using to make the payment on demands and it is having an entire order, whereas Bill of Exchange is a document that is showing obligation of the borrower to the creditor and also having a whole order.

Cheque vs. Bill of Exchange

The cheque is a document using to make secure payments on demand, whereas the bill of exchange is a written document that is showing the appreciation of the borrower to the creditors. The cheque is transferring through hand transfer, while the bill of exchange is leading a person to pay a definite total of an indicating person. The cheque is an instrument that is covering a complete instruction, whereas the bill of exchange is a document that is also including a comprehensive direction. The time of validity of cheques is three months after the issue, while there is no validity is applying in the bill of exchange.

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Cheques are always payable on demand of the holder, whereas the bill of exchange is not still payable on demand. Cheques are not requiring to get the stamp, whereas the bill of exchange is must get the patch. Cheques do not require approval receipt, while the bill of exchange needs to get approval receipt. The bank is the only drawee which receive the cheques, whereas the person or the bank both are drawees that receive the bill of exchange. If cheques are defiling, it is not noting or complaining, while if the bill of exchange is polluting, it is noting and protesting as well.

The facility of grace days is not applicable in case of cheques because it is always payable at the time of demand, whereas the facility of grace days is allowing for three days in case of a bill of exchange. Cheques have crossing processes, while the bill of exchange does not have the crossing process.

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Comparison Chart

ChequeBill of Exchange
It is a document that is using to make secure payments on the demand.It is a written document that is showing the obligation of the borrower to the creditor.
Valid Time
Three monthsNot relevant
Stamping
Not requiredMust be
Needs Approval
NoYes
Received By
BankPerson or bank
Complaining of Corruption
NoYes
Days of Grace
No dayThree days
Crossing
YesNo

What is Cheque?

A cheque is a kind of bill of exchange that is using to create relaxed payments to anyone, and it is always allocating on the request. It is a free order. It is providing to the bank to create a payment on behalf of the drawer and distribute a certain amount of currency to the receiver. The cheque is an instrument that is covering a complete instruction, and a cheque is always in writing and signing by the drawer of the tool.

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It should be necessary that the issuer of the cheque of any particular bank must have an account with the bank. There is an indicated time limit is within three months, during this time cheque should be submitting for payment, but if the cheque comes for payment after the expiry of three months, then the cheque will ruin. There are two types of the cheque that are mentioning here one is an electronic cheque that comes in the form of automatic, and the second is a truncated cheque that is shoeing in paper form.

There are only three parties that are involving in the case of the cheque; the first one is Drawer, who makes or issues the cheque. The second one is drawee, which means the bank which generates the payments. And the third one is acceptor, who gets the amounts on behalf of that person whose name is declaring on the cheque. The cheque is not allowing any single day of grace after submitting for payment. The cheques can be crossed cheques for the safety of losing or theft.

What is the Bill of Exchange?

The bill of exchange is an available tool that is having an unrestricted command that is guiding to the drawee to pay a certain amount of the currency to the payee that is mentioning in the bill of exchange. The bill of exchange is preparing and signing by the drawer and accepting by the drawee. It covers a fixed date in which the payments are transferring to the payee. The parties that are relating to the bill of exchange must be definite. The bill of exchange is a document that is also covering complete instruction.

The bill of exchange is not always payable on the demand. The bill of exchange is must get the stamp, the person or the bank both are drawees that receive the bill of exchange if the bill of exchange is defiling it is noticing and complaining as well, the facility of the grace days are allowing for three days after submitting the bill of exchange. The bill of exchange does not have any feature as the crossing of the bill of exchange like cheques have.

There are only three parties that are involving in the bill of exchange; the first one is the drawer, which creates the bill of exchange. The second one is drawee, which means a person who is acceptable to make payment to the payee. And the third one is acceptor, who gets the amount. The different kinds of bills of exchange are the inland bills, the foreign bills, the time bill, the demand bills, the trade bills, and the accommodation bills.

Key Differences

  1. A cheque is not essential to get approval, whereas a bill of exchange is essential to get support.
  2. In the cheques, the drawer and receiver are always changeable, whereas in the bill of exchange drawer and receiver are the same.
  3. In cheques, the stamp is not essential; on the other hand, in the bill of exchange, the stamp is a must.
  4. A cheque is payable to the holder on demand; conversely, a bill of exchange is not payable to the holder on demand.
  5. The cheques can be crossing; on the flip side, the bill of exchange cannot be crossing.
  6. No grace days are allowing in case of cheques; on the other hand, there are three days of grace days, allowing in case of a bill of exchange.
  7. There is no need for acceptance in case of cheque, whereas there is a need for approval in case of a bill of exchange.

Conclusion

The cheque and the bill of exchange, they both are the essential tools, and they are using to create secure payments. Though the cheque itself is a kind of bill of exchange, both are using to release the responsibilities. Businesses, individuals, and other institutions are using the cheque to make payments, but the bill of exchange is mostly using in business.