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America vs. Canada: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Harlon Moss || Updated on October 26, 2023
America often refers to the USA, while Canada is a separate country to the north of the USA.

Key Differences

America and Canada are neighboring countries located in North America. America, commonly referred to as the United States of America (USA), is a federal republic comprised of 50 states. Canada, on the other hand, is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, which means it recognizes the British monarch as the head of state.
America's government structure is based on its Constitution, which establishes a system of checks and balances among the three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. Canada's political system, being a parliamentary democracy, centers on its Parliament, which consists of the House of Commons and the Senate.
Culture in America is diverse, given its history of immigration. It has made significant contributions to music, film, and technology. Canada, similarly, boasts a rich cultural tapestry, with strong influences from its French and British colonial past and its indigenous peoples.
The geography of America is vast and varied, spanning from the Atlantic to the Pacific. It has a mix of dense urban areas and expansive natural landscapes. Canada, the second-largest country by land area in the world, is known for its breathtaking natural sceneries, including forests, mountains, and the Arctic tundra.
Economically, America is considered a superpower with a diversified economy driven by sectors like technology, finance, and healthcare. Canada has a robust economy as well, largely supported by natural resources like oil, minerals, and timber, as well as sectors like real estate and manufacturing.

Comparison Chart

Political Structure

Federal republic with a presidential system.
Parliamentary democracy & constitutional monarchy.

Head of State

British monarch (symbolic), Governor General (representative)

Main Language(s)

Primarily English.
English and French.


US Dollar (USD).
Canadian Dollar (CAD).

National Symbol(s)

Bald eagle, Stars and Stripes (flag).
Maple leaf, beaver.

America and Canada Definitions


The landmass comprising the continents of North and South America.
Columbus is often credited with discovering America in 1492.


A parliamentary democracy recognizing the British monarch as head of state.
Canada's political system has roots in British traditions.


The United States of America.
America is known for its cultural influence on the world.


The second-largest country in the world by land area.
The vast landscapes of Canada include forests and tundras.


A term representing the ideals and values of the United States.
The American Dream is deeply rooted in the ethos of America.


A country recognized for its peaceful international approach.
Canada often plays a mediating role in international conflicts.


A collective term for the countries of the Americas.
Diplomatic relations were established between nations in America.


A nation known for its multiculturalism and bilingualism.
English and French are the two official languages of Canada.


A continent divided into North and South America.
The Andes mountain range spans the length of western America.


A country in North America, north of the USA.
Niagara Falls is a popular tourist attraction in Canada.


48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776


A traditional Portuguese unit of liquid volume equal to 1.7–2.1 liters depending on the area of Portugal, used particularly for wine.


North and South America


Alternative form of cañada, a ravine, a gulley.


A small cañon; a narrow valley or glen; also, but less frequently, an open valley.


A country in North America, bordering the United States on the north. It is a federation which includes English-speaking provinces and the French-speaking Province of Quebec.


A nation in northern North America; the French were the first Europeans to settle in mainland Canada;
The border between the United States and Canada is the longest unguarded border in the world


Is Canada part of America?

Geographically, Canada is in North America but is a separate country from the USA.

What type of government does America have?

America (USA) has a federal republic with a presidential system.

Which city is the capital of Canada?


How many states are there in America?

There are 50 states in the USA.

Who is the head of state in Canada?

The British monarch, symbolically, with the Governor General acting as the representative.

Are French and English both official languages in Canada?

Yes, both are recognized as official languages.

Which mountain ranges are prominent in America?

The Rocky Mountains and the Appalachians are major mountain ranges in the USA.

Which is more populous, America or Canada?

America (USA) has a larger population than Canada.

Which is colder, America or Canada?

Generally, Canada experiences colder temperatures, especially in its northern regions.

How many provinces and territories does Canada have?

Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories.

What natural wonders are found in Canada?

Canada is home to Niagara Falls, Banff National Park, and the Northern Lights.

What's the relationship between America and Canada?

They share a friendly relationship with strong economic, cultural, and defense ties.

Is ice hockey popular in Canada?

Yes, ice hockey is a significant sport in Canada.

Which languages are spoken in America?

Primarily English, but many other languages are spoken due to its diverse population.

Which sports are popular in America?

Football, basketball, and baseball are notably popular in the USA.

Where is America located?

America refers to the continents of North and South America; it's also used to refer to the USA, which is in North America.

What's the capital of America?

Washington, D.C.

Do America and Canada celebrate Thanksgiving?

Yes, but they celebrate on different days; Canada in October and the USA in November.

Does Canada have a larger land area than America?

No, while Canada is the second-largest country by land, the USA has a larger total area when water is included.

How long is the border between America and Canada?

The border is approximately 5,525 miles (8,891 km) long.
About Author
Written by
Harlon Moss
Harlon is a seasoned quality moderator and accomplished content writer for Difference Wiki. An alumnus of the prestigious University of California, he earned his degree in Computer Science. Leveraging his academic background, Harlon brings a meticulous and informed perspective to his work, ensuring content accuracy and excellence.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

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