General

Difference Between Culture and Civilization

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Main Difference

The main difference between Culture and Civilization is that Culture is a set of beliefs and customs practiced by a group of people in a society, Whereas Civilization is a complex aggregation of cultures and norms.

Culture vs. Civilization

Culture is a steering wheel considered as the mind of society. Civilization is a driving force named the body of a community. Culture is practiced beliefs and customs of people. Civilization is a complex of many cultures. Culture is seen in our surroundings, what we eat, how we celebrate our event, our dressing style, our behavior with people, etiquettes, and manners. Civilization is seen in buildings, technology, and social stratification.

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Culture cannot be taught; it is always practiced. A nation can be civilized after getting education and knowledge. Culture is a stair of success that we achieve and can stay. Civilization is a way to achieve success. Culture is the inner being of a person to develop moral and spiritual values. Civilization is a depiction of the outer state of society. Culture is independent, whereas civilization is dependent on culture for its existence.

Culture is seen in our lifestyles and lives. Civilization has a minor influence on lifestyle. Culture is the peculiarity of every nation. In contrast, every nation is not civilized. There is no advancement in culture, but the older culture can be more accurate than the present one. Civilization is an ever-advancing attribute of the nation.

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Comparison Chart

CultureCivilization
Culture is a part of civilization made with beliefs and practices.Civilization is a complex aggregate in society with its norms and culture.
Represent
What are we?What do we use?
Dependency
Can exist aloneExist within a culture
Briefing
By language onlyLanguage is not enough
Develop
Inner beingOuter appearance
Reflection
In religion, art, customsLaws, architecture, administration
Education
Does not make cultured peopleMake a civilized nation
Shows
Spiritual and moral successPhysical advancement
Beneficial
To stay at the pinnacleTo achieve pinnacle
Influences
A significant effect on lives and lifestyleMinor effect
Scope
Part of every societySome societies
Standard
No standardPrecise standard
Communication
Only like-mindedTo all
Place in Society
Steering wheelDriving force
Advancement
Not alwaysAlways
Transfer
Need an effort for transferEasily transferred to the next generation
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What is Culture?

The specific characteristics practiced by most people are termed as a culture. Culture is all about around us food, religion, clothes we wear, how we speak, ceremonies of marriage, manners, and etiquettes of eating, sitting, greetings, dealing with guests, and many more things. Culture is the growth of society employing a group of people. Culture itself means to grow, to flourish, or cultivation.

Examples

  • Western Culture: The culture of European countries is termed as western culture. Some states are influenced by western culture like America, also come under western culture. It originated in the 14th
  • Eastern Culture: The societies of far east Asia like china, japan, and the Indian sub-continent exhibit eastern culture. In this culture, religion has a strong influence of norms.
  • Latin Culture: The countries where Spanish is the national language comes under Latin culture. Its common countries include Latin America, South America, Spain, Portugal, and Mexico. The Latin language is called a romance language.
  • African Culture: In Africa, the tribes, ethnic, and social groups vary. Africa is a continent of 54 countries where only in Nigeria there are 300 tribes.

What is Civilization?

Civilization is an advancement in the social and cultural aspects of society. Civilization originates from the Latin word meaning civil or city. The main characteristics of civilization are standards for measurement, written languages, technology, government, religion, agricultural advancement and storage, irrigation, and shared culture. It includes social stratification defined as a class of people like slaves, workers, and rulers. Civilization is not an attribute of every society. Education and knowledge can make a nation civilized.

Examples

  • The Ancient Egyptian Civilization: It originated from the banks of the Nile river and now located in Egypt. Its major character is the building of pyramids. It is an ancient and culturally rich civilization. The civilization provides preservation of old pharaoh in the form of mummies.
  • The Indus Valley Civilization: The Indus civilization originated around the valleys of the Indus river. Now the civilization is spread around Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India. It is most wide civilization covers almost millions of kilometers. Its other name is Harrapan and Mohenjo-Daro civilization.
  • The Chinese Civilization: This civilization originated in the yellow river and Yangtze area. Now it covers the whole of China. It is associated with the production of silk and paper.
  • The Ancient Greek Civilization: This civilization finds its origin in Italy, France, and North Africa. Its current coverage area in Greece. Its main character is democracy and senate ideas.

Key Differences

  1. Culture is an assembly of values that shapes our society, whereas civilization is an assortment of different cultures and norms practiced in the community.
  2. Culture is an end in the form of values and objectives. Conversely, civilization is a means defined as tools and procedures to an end.
  3. Culture answers the question of what we are now; on the other hand, and civilization answers the question of what we are using for the development of society.
  4. Culture can exist alone without depending upon civilization, while civilization cannot live alone; if culture is removed from civilization, nothing will leave behind.
  5. Culture needs a strong mode of communication for its transfer; language is enough for its existence, whereas civilization cannot stand only on language.
  6. Culture is the development of internal spiritual and more values of society, while the outer façade of society is called civilization.
  7. Culture is the deliberation of religion, art, customs, and ceremonies; on the flip side, civilization is shown in the form of law, administration, architecture, and buildings.
  8. Culture does not base on education because education does not make a cultured person; on the other side, knowledge can make a civilized nation.
  9. Culture is a mirror for social and moral success, whereas civilization is a physical advancement.
  10. Culture is useful as it helps to achieve the pinnacle of success and makes a stay, while civilization helps achieve the pinnacle of success.
  11. Culture has a major influence on the life and living behavior of people; conversely, civilization has a minor effect on the lifestyle and living of people.
  12. Culture is the core of every society; on the flip side, civilization is core for some developed community.
  13. Culture has no standard for measurement of its values, whereas there is a precise standard for civilization.
  14. Culture communicates to only people who attract to it, whereas civilization communicates to all people.
  15. Culture is like a steering wheel for society; conversely, civilization is a driving force for the steering wheel.
  16. Culture is not always advancing; on the other hand, civilization is ever advancing.
  17. Culture evolves from the hundred and thousands of years cannot be easily transferred in the next generations; conversely, the transfer of civilization is an effortless process.

Conclusion

Culture and Civilization both are traits of human societies. Culture is a trait linked with the development of internal spiritual and moral values of society. Civilization is a trait linked to the development of the outer appearance of the nation.

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson