Difference Between Act and Law


Main Difference

The main difference between Act and Law is that Act is a part of legislation that is more specific and refers to particular circumstances and specific people and Law is a part of legislation that is linking upon people and is trailed by all.

Act vs. Law

The act is a type of Law that pertain to specific situation and circumstance. They are extinct by the government, to let people know the rules and regulations about specific situations. Law is a generic term that relates to all rules and regulations passed by the parliament and are intended to guide the conduct of people. Laws also assists in the protection of the citizens and also in maintaining public order. An act passed by the parliament. It can not become a law. Until the parliament passes it, an act is known as a bill whereas law is always known as a law because it is an existence that already established. The act is more specific as they carry the ideas of the government in power and Laws are common in nature. When we want to discuss deeply the subject matter, we have to refer to the act conversely when commonly referring to the rules and regulation of a country we use the term law. An act is more narrative as it contains all the necessary information to enforce a law. However, the law states what needs to follow clearly and shortly.


Comparison Chart

Act refers to the statutory law created by the legislature, that concentrates on a particular subject, and contains provisions relating to it.Law refers to the basics and rules that govern the affairs of the society, created and enforced by the stipulated authority.
What is it?
It is a bill that passed by both the houses of parliament.It is an established phenomenon.
To let society know the rules and regulations about specific situations.To protect society and people from unfair practices and to maintain public order.
Why and how rules imposed.What ought to be and ought not to be done.

What is Act?

The act is a piece of legislation that is more specific and applies to particular circumstances and specific people. Moreover, acts are made by the government, to let people know about provisions about a specific situation, and how and why the public is required to follow these mandatory rules and regulations. Thus we see that Act is more specific. That is because generally, an act is a constitutional plan that is generated by the government. An act is passed by parliament, to turn it to law, an Act is known as a Bill. The bill is first presented in either house of the Parliament, after which discussion held for its consideration and provision, followed by voting and when the house passes it, it is sent for President’s approval and authorization, after which it becomes an act. This process is known as an enactment. Through an act, the plans of the government are made imperative for the people of the country. Acts are rules that have annotated down a piece of paper. Acts, if passed, then turn into laws. Rules, Factory Law consultants and acts are a necessary part of society. To assure the smooth running of society, it is important that everyone knows what a person can do and cannot do.

What is Law?

Laws are rules and guidelines that are organized by the social institutions to govern behavior. These laws are made by government functionaries that in some countries are elected by the public to represent their views. In simple terms, laws are things that a person can and cannot do. It enforced by government functionaries such as police officers, agents, and judges. Laws are concepts that must go through the process of checks, balances, and votes for them to become a law. However, the enactment of law varies based on the government. In a dictatorship, the leader has the power to elapse any law he wishes. In a democracy, the bill to perform a law must be voted on by the different parts of the government. Laws must be fulfilled by all, including private citizens, groups and companies as well as public personalities, organizations, and institutions. Laws as set out standards, procedures, and principles that must be followed. A law is executable by the judicial system, i.e., those responsible for breaking them prosecuted in court. There are many types of laws framed like criminal laws, civil laws, Factory Act Consultants and international laws. Breaking the law is a punishable crime and has drastic consequences such as hefty fines, jail time and community service time.

Key differences

  1. The rules created by the parliament that concentrates on a particular subject, and contains provisions relating to it is known as Act. Law is explained as the rules and principles, set up by the stated authority and are meant to regulate the action of the members of the society.
  2. Law is a conventional phenomenon, whereas an act is primarily a bill, which is proposed in the parliament first, and when it takes approval from both the houses and the President besides, it becomes an Act.
  3. Law is forced to protect people from unfair practices and to uphold public order. As against this, the basic reason for the creation of action is to let people know the rules and regulations about particular situations.
  4. Law is generic, that covers all rules and regulations created by the government at any given time. On the other hand, the act is certain, as it restricted to a specific situation, like all the provisions concerning to the contract protected under Contract Act, or provisions associating to the partnership are involved in partnership activities and so forth.
  5. An act is circumstantial, which explains why and how laws forced. Conversely, the law describes what should be and should not be done in any context.


Laws and Acts are highly important for the organization and functioning of the country’s government. These help to solve the matters of people in a just and fair manner and also to ensure a peaceful society.