Rows vs. Columns: What's the Difference?

Key Difference

We often came across the terms like rows and columns, when we are up to arrange the data in the logical and the concise way. As both these terms are used together most of the time, people often found it difficult to differentiate between them. It should be kept noted that columns and rows are basic concepts that are diversely applied in different fields like spreadsheets, matrix, classroom settings, and data tabulation. In spreadsheet when the data arrangement is being made, the line or order running horizontally from right to left or vice versa is the row. On the other hand, the line or order running vertically from top to bottom or vice versa is known as the column.

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Comparison Chart

Rows Columns
Definition The row is the arrangement in the horizontal form, from right to left. Column is the arrangement in the vertical form, from top to bottom.
Spreadsheet In the spreadsheet like MS Excel, the row is represented using numbers. The column is represented using letters.
Database  In the database, the information like, gender, name, age, etc. are placed in the rows.  The column contains the information about someone or something which is mentioned in the rows.
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What are Rows?

The row is the horizontal arrangement of the objects, words, numbers, data or any other thing. In this type of arrangement, objects are arranged face-to-face with lying next to each other on the horizontal line. Even if the data, or line runs from right to left, or from left to right, this type of arrangement is known as the row. We often get instructions in schools to get arrange the data in the form of rows in the horizontal order; even sitting plan of classes is sometimes in the form of rows. One making graphs or doing any other statistical analysis is also aware of this usage as the data is placed from right to left in the horizontal order to make it more convenient and understandable for the user. The terms row is widely used in different fields; nowadays it has most prominent usage on the spreadsheets like Microsoft Excel. In our daily lives, we also come across this terms multiple times. For instance, when we go to cinemas or auditoriums the arrangement plan is set in the form of rows, and tickets are allotted as ‘row number 3, seat number 156’. The arrangement of the data in the form of rows is to make things look more prominent and convenient for both the planner and the follower.

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What are Columns?

The column is the vertical arrangement of the objects, words, numbers, data or any other thing. In this type of arrangement, objects are arranged one after the other in the sequence. In other words, we can say that in this arrangement the data is organized in such a form that each of the words, figure or number falls to the other in the sequence. As the columns are split in the form of lines, it increases the readability and attractiveness of the table. In spreadsheets like MS Excel, the heading of the row is denoted using the letters. In the tables, top-most part, caption, represents the columns. The newspapers are one of the best examples of the columns as in here the articles are divided in the form of upward and going downward.

Rows vs. Columns

  • The row is the arrangement in the horizontal form, from right to left, whereas column is the arrangement in the vertical form, from top to bottom.
  • In the spreadsheet like MS Excel, the row is represented using numbers. Conversely, the column is represented using letters.
  • In the database, the information like, gender, name, age, etc. are placed in the rows while the column contains the information about someone who is mentioned in the rows.

Explanatory Video

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