Difference Wiki

Old World Monkeys vs. New World Monkeys: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sumera Saeed || Updated on October 9, 2023
Old World monkeys, found in Africa and Asia, generally have smaller ears, no prehensile tails, and sit pads, while New World monkeys, native to the Americas, feature larger, often prehensile tails and typically possess wider, side-facing nostrils.

Key Differences

Old World monkeys typically exhibit physical traits, such as narrower noses where the nostrils face downward, contrasting with the New World monkeys which often have flatter, wider noses with nostrils that are spaced farther apart and tend to face sideways.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 09, 2023
The habitats of Old World monkeys, spanning Africa and Asia, are notably distant and ecologically varied from the habitats of New World monkeys, which predominantly reside in the tropical regions of Central and South America, highlighting a geographical distinction.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 09, 2023
When observing locomotion and tail functionality, Old World monkeys generally lack prehensile tails and navigate through various means, whereas many New World monkeys possess prehensile tails, using them as a ‘fifth limb’ for navigation and manipulation in their environments.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 09, 2023
The social and group behaviors also exhibit distinctions: Old World monkeys often display complex social hierarchies and vocalization patterns, while New World monkeys showcase a range of social behaviors and communication, with some species demonstrating matriarchal social structures.
Janet White
Oct 09, 2023
Diet and feeding habits present another contrast: Old World monkeys exhibit a wide-ranging diet from fruits, leaves, and even small animals, while New World monkeys, although also varied in diet, often possess dental specializations for particular feeding habits, including folivory.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 09, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Comparison Chart

No. of Words

3
3
Sumera Saeed
Oct 09, 2023

First Letter

O
N
Sumera Saeed
Oct 09, 2023

Syllables

4
4
Sumera Saeed
Oct 09, 2023

Common Prefix

Old
New
Aimie Carlson
Oct 09, 2023

Usage Example

Old World monkeys inhabit various regions across Africa and Asia.
New World monkeys often utilize their prehensile tails for navigation.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 09, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Old World Monkeys and New World Monkeys Definitions

Old World Monkeys

Monkeys characterized by a downward-facing, narrow nose.
Unlike New World species, Old World monkeys have nostrils that face downward.
Huma Saeed
Oct 09, 2023

New World Monkeys

Primates often characterized by prehensile tails.
The capuchin, a New World monkey, uses its tail to grasp objects and branches.
Huma Saeed
Oct 09, 2023

Old World Monkeys

Primates primarily found in Africa and Asia.
Old World monkeys include diverse species like baboons and macaques.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 09, 2023

New World Monkeys

Primates that frequently inhabit tropical rainforest environments.
New World monkeys, like spider monkeys, are commonly found in lush, tropical settings.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 09, 2023

Old World Monkeys

Monkeys that often display ischial callosities, or sitting pads.
The sitting pads of Old World monkeys facilitate comfortable resting on rough surfaces.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 09, 2023

New World Monkeys

A primate group with molar teeth often adapted for specific diets.
Some New World monkeys have molars designed to process tough leaves.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 09, 2023

Old World Monkeys

A group of primates with typically non-prehensile tails.
Old World monkeys often use their tails for balance rather than grasping.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 09, 2023

New World Monkeys

Monkeys that are native to the Americas.
New World monkeys inhabit regions from Southern Mexico to Brazil.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 09, 2023

Old World Monkeys

Primates exhibiting a range of diets and feeding habits.
Various Old World monkeys can be seen foraging for fruits, seeds, and even small animals.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 09, 2023

New World Monkeys

Monkeys with flat, wide noses and outward-facing nostrils.
The nostrils of New World monkeys are typically wider and face to the sides.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 09, 2023

FAQs

Where are Old World monkeys found?

Old World monkeys are typically found in Africa and Asia.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 09, 2023

What distinguishes the noses of Old World monkeys?

Old World monkeys generally have narrower noses with downward-facing nostrils.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 09, 2023

Do New World monkeys have prehensile tails?

Yes, many New World monkeys have prehensile tails, using them for various purposes like grasping.
Huma Saeed
Oct 09, 2023

Do Old World monkeys have sitting pads?

Yes, many Old World monkeys possess sitting pads, known as ischial callosities.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 09, 2023

What are some examples of New World monkeys?

Capuchins, spider monkeys, and howler monkeys are examples of New World monkeys.
Janet White
Oct 09, 2023

How do New World monkeys’ noses differ from Old World monkeys?

New World monkeys typically have flatter, wider noses with nostrils that face sideways.
Sara Rehman
Oct 09, 2023

Which New World monkey is renowned for its loud vocalizations?

The howler monkey, a New World monkey, is famous for its incredibly loud and distinctive vocalizations.
Harlon Moss
Oct 09, 2023

What kind of environments do New World monkeys inhabit?

New World monkeys often inhabit tropical rainforests, but their habitats can vary within the Americas.
Sara Rehman
Oct 09, 2023

Do Old World monkeys exhibit sexual dimorphism?

Yes, many Old World monkey species, like the mandrill, exhibit noticeable sexual dimorphism, with males often being larger and more vividly colored.
Harlon Moss
Oct 09, 2023

Do New World monkeys inhabit diverse ecosystems across the Americas?

Predominantly, yes; New World monkeys inhabit a range of ecosystems from rainforests to savannahs in the Americas.
Janet White
Oct 09, 2023

Are New World monkeys found in Africa?

No, New World monkeys are indigenous to the Americas.
Harlon Moss
Oct 09, 2023

Are there any Old World monkeys in the Americas?

No, Old World monkeys are not native to the Americas but may be found in zoos.
Janet White
Oct 09, 2023

Do all Old World monkeys lack prehensile tails?

Yes, generally, Old World monkeys lack prehensile tails, which are more characteristic of New World monkeys.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 09, 2023

Do some New World monkeys exhibit unique features related to their feeding habits?

Absolutely, such as the uakari, which has robust jaws for cracking hard nuts, showcasing adaptation to specific feeding habits.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 09, 2023

Is there a difference in the social structures between Old World and New World monkeys?

Yes, social structures can differ significantly, with various Old World monkeys exhibiting complex hierarchies, while some New World monkeys showcase matriarchal structures.
Sara Rehman
Oct 09, 2023

Are there any critically endangered species among Old World monkeys?

Yes, some Old World monkeys, like the Miss Waldron's red colobus, are considered critically endangered.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 09, 2023

What kind of facial features are common among Old World monkeys?

Old World monkeys often display a diversity in facial features, such as cheek pouches in macaques and striking mandrill colorations.
Harlon Moss
Oct 09, 2023

Which Old World monkey is notorious for crop raiding in certain regions?

Baboons, an Old World monkey species, are often noted for crop-raiding and interactions with human habitats in some areas.
Sara Rehman
Oct 09, 2023

Is the diet of Old World monkeys diverse?

Yes, Old World monkeys have varied diets, including fruits, leaves, and occasionally small animals.
Sara Rehman
Oct 09, 2023

Are New World monkeys smaller in size compared to Old World monkeys?

Generally, yes; New World monkeys tend to be smaller, though there are exceptions and a considerable range in sizes.
Janet White
Oct 09, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

Trending Comparisons

Popular Comparisons

New Comparisons