Difference Wiki

Nominative vs. Accusative: What's the Difference?

Edited by Sawaira Riaz || By Sumera Saeed || Published on November 24, 2023
Nominative refers to the subject of a sentence, while accusative refers to the direct object receiving an action.

Key Differences

The nominative case is used for the subject of a verb, indicating who or what is performing the action. On the other hand, the accusative case is used for the direct object, indicating who or what is receiving the action.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 24, 2023
When considering grammar, the nominative is the form of a noun or pronoun that shows its relation to the verb as the doer or be-er. The accusative, in contrast, shows its relation as the receiver of the action.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 24, 2023
In English, the distinction between nominative and accusative is primarily visible in pronouns. For example, "he" (nominative) vs. "him" (accusative) or "she" (nominative) vs. "her" (accusative).
Sumera Saeed
Nov 24, 2023
While nominative typically identifies the main character of the action, accusative identifies the target or goal of that action. These roles are crucial in understanding the structure of many sentences.
Sara Rehman
Nov 24, 2023
Understanding the difference between nominative and accusative can help in constructing sentences more clearly and can also be essential when learning languages that have a more rigorous case system.
Harlon Moss
Nov 24, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Grammatical Role

Subject of the verb.
Direct object of the verb.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 24, 2023

English Example

"She (nominative) likes the movie."
"She likes him (accusative)."
Sumera Saeed
Nov 24, 2023

Pronoun Distinction

"I", "he", "she", "we", "they".
"me", "him", "her", "us", "them".
Sumera Saeed
Nov 24, 2023

Function

Indicates who or what is performing the action.
Indicates who or what is receiving the action.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 24, 2023

Usage in Sentences

Comes before the verb most times.
Often follows the verb or preposition.
Harlon Moss
Nov 24, 2023
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Nominative and Accusative Definitions

Nominative

The case used for the subject of the verb.
He (nominative) runs fast.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 01, 2023

Accusative

The form of a noun or pronoun showing its relation as the receiver of the action.
I called her (accusative) yesterday.
Sara Rehman
Nov 01, 2023

Nominative

The grammatical case that marks typically the subject of a verb or predicate.
They (nominative) were on vacation.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 01, 2023

Accusative

The grammatical case indicating the direct object of a verb.
The cat chased the mouse (accusative).
Sumera Saeed
Nov 01, 2023

Nominative

A case that signifies the actor or agent in a sentence.
We (nominative) are studying.
Janet White
Nov 01, 2023

Accusative

The case used for the direct object of a verb.
She loves him (accusative).
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 01, 2023

Nominative

The category of nouns serving as the grammatical subject of a verb.
Dogs (nominative) bark.
Harlon Moss
Nov 01, 2023

Accusative

A case indicating the goal or end point of an action.
She gave the book (accusative) to him.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 01, 2023

Nominative

The form of a noun or pronoun showing its relation as the doer or be-er in a sentence.
She (nominative) is a teacher.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 01, 2023

Accusative

The category of nouns or pronouns acted upon in a sentence.
He reads the newspaper (accusative) daily.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 01, 2023

Nominative

Appointed to office.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 11, 2023

Accusative

Of, relating to, or being the grammatical case that is the direct object of a verb or the object of certain prepositions.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 11, 2023

Nominative

Nominated as a candidate for office.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 11, 2023

Accusative

Accusatory.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 11, 2023

Nominative

Having or bearing a person's name
Nominative shares.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 11, 2023

FAQs

What is the nominative case?

The nominative case is used for the subject of a verb, indicating who or what is performing the action.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 24, 2023

Can you provide an example of an accusative pronoun in English?

Yes, "him," "her," and "them" are examples of accusative pronouns.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 24, 2023

How is the accusative different from the dative case?

The accusative indicates the direct object, while the dative usually indicates the indirect object.
Sara Rehman
Nov 24, 2023

Can "I" and "me" be examples of nominative and accusative respectively?

Yes, "I" is nominative, and "me" is accusative.
Janet White
Nov 24, 2023

Where can I typically find the nominative in a sentence?

The nominative usually appears before the verb, representing the doer of the action.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 24, 2023

Is the nominative case present in all languages?

No, not all languages have a nominative case, but many Indo-European languages do.
Janet White
Nov 24, 2023

Is the accusative case only about receiving actions?

Primarily, yes. It indicates who or what is acted upon in the sentence.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 24, 2023

How does the accusative case function?

The accusative case is used for the direct object, indicating who or what is receiving the action.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 24, 2023

Can a sentence have both nominative and accusative forms?

Yes, e.g., "She (nominative) loves him (accusative)."
Sumera Saeed
Nov 24, 2023

Are there languages where nouns change form in the nominative and accusative?

Yes, languages like German and Latin exhibit this change.
Janet White
Nov 24, 2023

Is understanding nominative and accusative crucial for English learners?

While English isn't as case-sensitive as some languages, understanding these concepts can aid comprehension and is vital for learning other languages.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 24, 2023

Do English nouns change form based on nominative and accusative?

No, English nouns don't change, but some pronouns do, like "he" (nominative) vs. "him" (accusative).
Sumera Saeed
Nov 24, 2023

Is the difference between nominative and accusative evident in all English pronouns?

No, only in some. For example, "you" stays the same, but "he" changes to "him."
Harlon Moss
Nov 24, 2023

Is "they" a nominative pronoun?

Yes, "they" is nominative, and its accusative form is "them."
Sara Rehman
Nov 24, 2023

Can a sentence lack an accusative component?

Yes, not all sentences require a direct object (accusative).
Sumera Saeed
Nov 24, 2023

Why is it important to understand the difference between nominative and accusative?

It aids in constructing clear sentences in English and is crucial when learning languages with strict case systems.
Janet White
Nov 24, 2023

Can the accusative case follow prepositions?

Yes, in many languages, certain prepositions take the accusative case.
Janet White
Nov 24, 2023

Do the nominative and accusative cases exist in non-Indo-European languages?

Some non-Indo-European languages have them, but the presence and function can vary.
Harlon Moss
Nov 24, 2023

Is the subject of a sentence always in the nominative case?

Generally, yes. The nominative case typically represents the subject.
Harlon Moss
Nov 24, 2023

How can I easily identify the accusative in a sentence?

Look for who or what is directly affected by the verb's action.
Harlon Moss
Nov 24, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.

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