Difference Between Nature and Nurture


Main Difference

The main difference between nature and nurture is that word nature belongs to the biological impact on human beings, and word nature refers to the explanation of the influence of learning.

Nature vs. Nurture

Nature and nurture are two different words. Nature is our traits and abilities in our nature. Nurture is upbringing life experiences. Nature is something that an individual holds by birth, whereas nurture is the influence of the outside factors on an individual.

Nature is about personality and abilities in our behavior. Nurture is about behaving in certain ways. The word nature belongs to the biological impact on human beings, and word nature refers to the explanation of the influence of learning.


Nature is related to physical appearance. Nurture is related to social influences. Nature refers to nativism. Nurture refers to empiricism and behaviorism. The factors of nature and nurture are also different. Nature involves biological and family factors. Nurture involves social and environmental factors.

Nature is what we are born with our biology. Nurture is what our experiences are. The IQ (intelligence quotient) is a thing that is specifically depending on the nature of genes. IQ is not much related to nurturing.

Nature and nurture also differ in their base. Nature is a hormone-based trait. Nurture is a culture based trait. Nature is all about inheritance. Nurture is about the external development of our personality.


Both nature and nurture have a different kind of influence on a person. Nature expresses genes. Nurture is to improve personality and supply nourishment.

Comparison Chart

Innate dispositionLearning or exploit
Personal experiencesChildhood
Pre-wiring and geneticsExposure and life experiences
Genetic inheritanceEnvironmental factors
Hair color, eye color, skin color, etcHeight and other lifestyles

What is Nature?

Nature refers to the innate qualities of an individual. Nature is never changing and always based on external inborn factors. For example, if a person is with curly hair, genes will have curly hair no matter where is he or she is born and how they are raised.

Nature is influenced by genetic inheritance and other biological factors and what we think as pre-wiring. However, to nature versus nurture debate, nature appears to be more important than nurture in explaining IQ in the general adult population of the United States.

Nature is a wide term and in the broadest sense. It is the physical, natural world, or universe. Nature is a physical phenomenon word “nature” is also referring to life in general. The study of nature is very vast, and it is not only part of science. Overall humans are also just a part of nature.

Word ‘nature’ derives from the Latin word ‘natura” means essential qualities or innate qualities. In ancient times nature means “birth” that is the Latin translation of the Greek word “physis” which originally related to native Characteristics of plants animals and other features of the world.

Nature often refers to geology and wildlife and the common sphere of animals and plants. Nature is a bundle of characteristics, including acting, feeling, and thinking, which humans have naturally.

The concept of human nature continuously plays a major role in science. Psychologists, neurologists, sociologists sometimes reveal that their results have yielded insight into human nature. Human nature debates are related to the importance of genes and development.

What is Nurture?

Nurture is all about personal experiences. Nurture relies on external factors. For example, a person having tall height genes have stunted growth due to malnutrition. Nurture is mainly influenced by external factors, i.e. experience, learning and exposure of a person.

Nurture factors were found to contribute substantially. However, the concept of nurture threw light on topics like social environment, who you are, who you are born, emotional skills, well being, and behavior.

Children with a good start in their life show significant advantages and good nurture in their personality than those who have missed their early experiences and attachments. They tend to do better at school but less likely to upset in experience, physical, and mental health.

The nurturing phenomena offer a range of opportunities for the children. It also engages young people with missing early nurturing experiences, which gives them essential social and emotional skills to do well in their fields. So, nurture your children in a clean colorful environment with the latest books and learning gadgets.

Moreover, nurturing also develops flexibility and capacity in young ones to deal with troubles and trials in their life confidently. The actual meaning of nurture is to support and encourage someone during the period of training or development.

Nurture is a baby just out of the womb and how the baby is raised, just like when you plant seed water it daily and give it lots of light until it is ready to transplant it outside. When you nurture a person you have to care and help his/her to grow up. Nurture is the most important process to determine an individual’s personality and behavior.

Key Differences

  1. Nature is an inborn phenomenon, whereas nurture is learning a new phenomenon.
  2. Nature cannot be molded easily; on the other hand, nurture can easily be molded according to the situations or circumstances.
  3. Nature is regulated by genes. Conversely, nurturing is, by other external conditions.
  4. Nature is nativism; on the flip side, nurture is behaviorism.
  5. Nature is the innate behavior of an individual, and nurture is the behavior due to the environmental effects and experiences.
  6. The word nature belongs to the biological impact on human beings, while the word nurture refers to the explanation of the influence of learning.
  7. Nature is about genes. On the contrary, nurture is about exposure.


The word and nurture are different from each other. Nature is the innate behavior of an individual and is the behavior based on the environmental effects and experiences.

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson