Difference Between MAC Address vs. IP Address

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Key Differences

The key difference between MAC address and IP address is that MAC address identifies the physical address of a computer on the internet whereas IP address identifies the address of the computer on the internet.

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MAC Address vs. IP Address

In connections, there is an address that is uniquely used to define the device. There is two type of addresses such as MAC address and IP address. Both these addresses are used to uniquely define a device in a computer system. The address that is assigned to NIC card by the manufacturer of the NIC card is MACK address in another word MAC address identifies the physical address of a computer on the internet, on the other hand, IP address identifies the address of the computer on the internet. MAC address uniquely identifies a device in that network, on the other hand, IP address defines a connection of a network. MAC address is Media Access Control that defines a hardware interface. In the defined words, it uniquely defines a hardware interface. MAC address is being purchased and is purchased by using manufacturer producing interface. Manufacturer assigns MAC address to the hardware of the system. MAC address that is media access control needs to be burned into the ROM of NIC that is network interface card. The card that is used by the computer to become a part of network is NIC that is network interface card. The MAC address is 48 bit hexadecimal address, and there is the exact format of MAC address that is MM:MM:MM:SS: SS: SS. In this address MM:MM:MM is a 3 byte address of the manufacturer and if we talk about SS: SS: SS then SS: SS: SS is the serial number of our NIC card. Every computer has a unique MAC address.

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The address that is provided to a connection in a network is called IP that is Internet protocol address. MAC address uniquely identifies a device whereas IP address does not uniquely identify a device. IP address specifies a particular connection in a network. IP internet protocol particular specifies a connection in a network .IP address unlike MAC is not provided by the administrator of the system but is provided by the administrator if the network. The administrator of the system is known as an internet service provider. Both network and host on that network is defined by the IP address. The purpose of IP address is used while routing the system, the dependency of IP address is dependent on networks of the computer. IPv4 address is 32 bit address on the other hand IPv6 is 128 bit address. The IP address is changed when you connect to the network if it is dynamically allocated to the device. RARP that is reverse address resolution protocol is used to retrieve the connection of IP address. If you want to change the NIC card of the system, then we have to change the MAC address of the system. There is a protocol that is address resolution protocol is a protocol that is used to receive MAC address of a device.

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Comparison Chart

BasisMAC AddressIP Address
MeaningMAC address identifies the physical address of a computer on the internetIP address identifies the address of the computer on the internet.
BitsMAC address is of 48 bitsIPv4 address is 32 bit address on the other hand IPv6 is 128 bit address
AddressMAC address is assigned by the manufacturer of NICThe IP address is assigned by the network administrator
Retrieve addressARP address is the retrieved address of MAC addressRARP that is reverse address resolution protocol is used to retrieve the connection of IP address.

What is a MAC Address?

MAC address is Media Access Control that defines a hardware interface. In the defined words, it uniquely defines a hardware interface. MAC address is being purchased and is purchased by using manufacturer producing interface. Manufacturer assigns MAC address to the hardware of the system. MAC address that is media access control needs to be burned into the ROM of NIC that is network interface card. The card that is used by the computer to become a part of the network is NIC that is network interface card. The MAC address is 48 bit hexadecimal address, and there is the exact format of MAC address that is MM:MM:MM:SS: SS: SS. In this address MM:MM:MM is a 3 byte address of the manufacturer and if we talk about SS: SS: SS then SS: SS: SS is the serial number of our NIC card. Every computer has a unique MAC address. If you want to change the NIC card of the system, then we have to change the MAC address of the system. There is a protocol that is address resolution protocol is a protocol that is used to receive MAC address of a device.

What is IP Address?

The address that is provided to a connection in a network is called IP that is Internet protocol address. MAC address uniquely identifies a device whereas IP address does not uniquely identify a device. IP address specifies a particular connection in a network. IP internet protocol particular specifies a connection in a network. IP address unlike MAC is not provided by the administrator of the system but is provided by the administrator if the network. The administrator of the system is known as an internet service provider. Both network and host on that network is defined by the IP address. The purpose of IP address is used while routing the system, the dependency of IP address is dependent on networks of the computer. IPv4 address is 32 bit address on the other hand IPv6 is 128 bit address. The IP address is changes when you connect to the network if it is dynamically allocated to the device. RARP that is reverse address resolution protocol is used to retrieve the connection of IP address.

Key Differences

  1. MAC address identifies the physical address of a computer on the internet whereas IP address identifies the address of the computer on the internet.
  2. MAC address is of 48 bits whereas IPv4 address is 32 bit address on the other hand IPv6 is 128 bit address.
  3. MAC address is assigned by the manufacturer of NIC whereas IP address is assigned by the network
  4. ARP address is the retrieved address of MAC address whereas RARP that is reverse address resolution protocol is used to retrieve the connection of IP address.

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