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Difference Between Mixed Cropping and Intercropping

Main Difference

The main difference between Mixed Cropping and Intercropping is that Mixed cropping is the process in which two or more crops can be grown at the same time in the same piece of land, whereas Intercropping is the process in which two or more types of crops are grown in the same space at the time but with the different pattern.

Mixed Cropping vs. Intercropping

Mixed cropping is done with no definite pattern; on the flip side, intercropping always done with a definite pattern. Mixed cropping is the process in which two or more crops can be grown at the same time in the same land; on the other hand, intercropping is the process in which two or more types of crops are grown in the same part of space at the same time but with the different pattern. In mixed cropping, seeds are combined first and then sowed; on the opposite side, in intercropping, seeds are not combined first before sowing.

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In mixed cropping, the same type of fertilizer and pesticide is given to all the crops; on the other side of the coin, in intercropping, different but specific fertilizer and pesticides are given to each specific crop. The main objective of mixed cropping is to lessen the risks of crop failure; on the other hand, the main objective of intercropping is to increase the productivity of crops. There is a competition between the crops in mixed cropping; on the flip side, there is no competition between crops in intercropping.

The time of sowing in mixed cropping is different or same in for all crops; on the other side of the coin, the time of sowing is the same for all crops. The other objective of mixed cropping is to use the space the left between two rows of main crops; on the other hand, the objective of intercropping is to get at least one crop under favorable condition.

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Comparison Chart

Mixed CroppingIntercropping
Mixed cropping is the process in which two or more crops can be grown simultaneously in the same piece of landIntercropping is the process in which two or more crops are grown in the same piece of land at the time but with the different pattern
Pattern
It does not follow any specific patternIt follows the definite pattern
Seeds
Seeds are combined first then sowedSeeds are not combined before sowing
Fertilizer and Pesticide
Same fertilizer and pesticides are given to all seedsSpecific fertilizer and pesticide are given to each crop
Objective
To lessen the danger of crop failureTo increase the yield of crops
Competition
It exists between the cropsIt does not exist between the crops
Care
More care is given to main cropsAll crops care equally
Advantage
To use the space between two rows of the main cropTo get at least one crop at favorable conditions
Sowing Time
It may be same or differentIt is same for all crops
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What is Mixed Cropping?

Mixed cropping is the method of crop production that is used to lessen the hazards of crop failure. In it, more care is just given to the main crops. It is used to utilize the space that is left behind between the two rows of crops. Its main objective is to lessen the danger. It does not follow any definite pattern.

There also occurs competition between the crops of mixed crop production. It includes the production of two or more kinds of the crop on the same farm at the same time without any specific pattern. The sowing time in it is maybe the same or different. The same type of fertilizer and pesticides are given to all types of crops.

What is Intercropping?

Intercropping is the method of crop production that is used to increase the production of crops. In this method, the same, and equal care is just given to all the growing crops. Its advantage is that to grow at least one crop from them under favorable conditions. It usually surveys a specific pattern for the similar production of all crops. Its primary purpose is to increase yield.

There is no competition between crops in the intercropping method. It is the process of production of two or more kinds of crops on the same farm at the same time but with a specific pattern. The sowing time in the intercropping method is the same for all crops. But different or specific fertilizers and pesticides are used for specific crops.

Key Differences

  1. There is no definite pattern in mixed cropping; on the other side of the coin, the is a definite pattern in intercropping.
  2. The advantage of mixed cropping is to remove the hazards of crop failure; on the opposite side, the advantage of intercropping is to increase the yield.
  3. The main objective of mixed cropping is to use the space between two rows of crops; on the other hand, the primary objective of intercropping is to grow at least one crop in favorable conditions.
  4. Mixed cropping is the process in which two or more crops can be grown at the same time in the same land; on the other hand, intercropping is the process in which two or more crops are grown in the same land at the same time but with the different pattern.
  5. The seeds are combined before sowing in mixed cropping; on the flip side, the seeds are not combined before sowing in intercropping.
  6. In mixed cropping, the main crop is more cared; on the other side of the coin, in intercropping, all the crops are given equal care.
  7. In mixed cropping, all the crops are given the same fertilizers and pesticides; on the flip side, in intercropping, each crop is given specific fertilizers and pesticides.
  8. The sowing time in mixed cropping is may be the same or different; on the opposite side, the sowing time in intercropping is the same for all crops.
  9. The exists a competition between crops of mixed cropping; on the other hand, there is no competition the crops of intercropping.

Conclusion

The above concludes that mixed cropping is used to remove the hazards of crop failure; on the flip side, intercropping is used to increase the yield of crops.

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson

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