Difference Wiki

Lowland Gorillas vs. Mountain Gorillas: What's the Difference?

Edited by Janet White || By Harlon Moss || Published on January 11, 2024
Lowland gorillas inhabit dense forests in lowland areas, are smaller, and have shorter fur, while mountain gorillas, larger and with longer fur, live in high-altitude, misty mountains.

Key Differences

Lowland gorillas, found in the dense forests of central Africa, are smaller in size compared to mountain gorillas. Mountain gorillas are larger and more robust, adapted to the colder climate of high-altitude mountains.
The diet of lowland gorillas primarily consists of fruits, while mountain gorillas, living in areas with fewer fruit trees, mainly eat leaves and stems. This difference in diet is due to their distinct habitats.
Lowland gorillas have shorter, fine fur, an adaptation to the warm, humid climate of lowland forests. In contrast, mountain gorillas have longer, thicker fur to withstand the cold of mountainous regions.
Social structures of lowland gorillas are typically larger, reflecting the abundance of food in their habitat. Mountain gorillas, facing harsher conditions and scarcer food, usually form smaller groups.
Conservation status differs: lowland gorillas face threats from habitat loss and poaching, whereas mountain gorillas, though still endangered, have seen a population increase due to intense conservation efforts.

Comparison Chart


Inhabit dense, lowland forests
Reside in high-altitude mountainous regions


Generally smaller
Larger and more robust


Shorter, fine fur
Longer, thicker fur


Fruit-heavy diet
Primarily leaves and stems

Social Groups

Larger groups due to abundant food
Smaller groups due to harsher conditions

Lowland Gorillas and Mountain Gorillas Definitions

Lowland Gorillas

These gorillas are smaller and have shorter fur compared to their mountain counterparts.
Lowland gorillas, despite their smaller size, are equally majestic.

Mountain Gorillas

Mountain gorillas typically form smaller groups due to the challenging environment.
A family of mountain gorillas often comprises fewer members, reflecting their tough surroundings.

Lowland Gorillas

Lowland gorillas' diet is predominantly fruits, reflecting their forest habitat.
Lowland gorillas are often seen feasting on fruits in their natural habitat.

Mountain Gorillas

They are critically endangered, but conservation efforts have led to a population increase.
The success story of mountain gorilla conservation is a beacon of hope for wildlife preservation.

Lowland Gorillas

Lowland gorillas are a subspecies of gorilla living in central African forests.
The lowland gorillas are known for their impressive presence in Congo's dense forests.

Mountain Gorillas

They have longer, thicker fur as an adaptation to colder mountain climates.
The thick fur of mountain gorillas is a natural shield against the mountain chill.

Lowland Gorillas

They form larger social groups, a trait facilitated by their abundant food sources.
A troop of lowland gorillas can be quite large, echoing the richness of their environment.

Mountain Gorillas

Their diet is mainly leaves and stems, due to the scarcity of fruits in their habitat.
Mountain gorillas spend much of their day foraging for leaves and stems.

Lowland Gorillas

These gorillas are more widespread but face threats from habitat destruction and poaching.
Conservation efforts are crucial to protect the endangered lowland gorillas.

Mountain Gorillas

Mountain gorillas are a larger subspecies living in the mountainous regions of Africa.
The mountain gorillas thrive in the misty highlands of Rwanda and Uganda.


How large are the social groups of lowland gorillas?

Their groups are typically larger due to abundant food.

Where are lowland gorillas found?

They inhabit the dense forests of central Africa.

What is the primary diet of lowland gorillas?

They mainly consume fruits.

Where do mountain gorillas live?

In the high-altitude mountains of Africa.

What type of fur do mountain gorillas have?

They have longer, thicker fur for cold climates.

How do mountain gorillas differ in size from lowland gorillas?

Mountain gorillas are larger and more robust.

What is the typical size of a lowland gorilla?

They are smaller compared to mountain gorillas.

What is the main diet of mountain gorillas?

They mostly eat leaves and stems.

What type of fur do lowland gorillas have?

Their fur is shorter and finer, adapted to warm climates.

Can lowland gorillas climb trees?

Yes, especially the younger ones.

Are lowland gorillas territorial?

Yes, they defend their territory from other gorilla groups.

Do mountain gorillas have any natural predators?

Humans are their main threat; they have few natural predators.

How do mountain gorillas handle cold weather?

Their thick fur and huddling together help them stay warm.

How long do lowland gorillas live?

They can live up to 40-50 years in the wild.

What is the gestation period for mountain gorillas?

Approximately 8.5 months.

What efforts are being made to conserve lowland gorillas?

Initiatives include anti-poaching patrols and habitat preservation.

Are mountain gorilla groups larger or smaller?

They form smaller groups due to harsher conditions.

Are lowland gorillas endangered?

Yes, primarily due to habitat loss and poaching.

How do lowland and mountain gorillas communicate?

Both use a variety of vocalizations, gestures, and facial expressions.

How successful are mountain gorilla conservation efforts?

They have seen a population increase, reflecting successful conservation strategies.
About Author
Written by
Harlon Moss
Harlon is a seasoned quality moderator and accomplished content writer for Difference Wiki. An alumnus of the prestigious University of California, he earned his degree in Computer Science. Leveraging his academic background, Harlon brings a meticulous and informed perspective to his work, ensuring content accuracy and excellence.
Edited by
Janet White
Janet White has been an esteemed writer and blogger for Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Science and Medical Journalism from the prestigious Boston University, she has consistently demonstrated her expertise and passion for her field. When she's not immersed in her work, Janet relishes her time exercising, delving into a good book, and cherishing moments with friends and family.

Trending Comparisons

Popular Comparisons

New Comparisons