Difference Wiki

It vs. Is: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sumera Saeed || Published on February 5, 2024
"It" is a pronoun used to represent a noun previously mentioned or easily identified, while "is" is a verb that serves as the third-person singular present of "be."

Key Differences

"It" is a pronoun used to refer to a subject previously mentioned or understood from the context. "Is" is a form of the verb "to be," used as a linking verb to connect the subject with a noun, adjective, or phrase that describes it.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 05, 2024
In English grammar, "it" serves as a placeholder for a noun or noun phrase, avoiding repetition. Conversely, "is" is employed to express existence, identity, or the characteristics of the subject.
Huma Saeed
Feb 05, 2024
"It" is versatile, representing objects, animals, or abstract concepts, but it does not convey any action itself. "Is," however, is action-oriented, denoting a state of being or condition of the subject.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 05, 2024
"It" can be used impersonally, like in the expression "it is raining," where "it" does not refer to a specific object. "Is" in such sentences serves to establish a state (raining) as a present condition.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 05, 2024
"It" often introduces a subject in sentences, setting the stage for further information. "Is" provides the crucial link in such sentences, asserting a specific attribute or state of the subject introduced by "it."
Sumera Saeed
Feb 05, 2024
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Comparison Chart

Part of Speech

Pronoun
Verb
Sumera Saeed
Feb 05, 2024

Function

Represents or replaces a noun or noun phrase.
Indicates existence, state, or quality.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 05, 2024

Sentence Role

Subject, object, or complement.
Main verb in present tense for third-person singular.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 05, 2024

Usage in Impersonal Form

Used impersonally to denote an action or situation.
Used to describe a state or condition.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 05, 2024

Example Sentences

"It is a beautiful painting." (refers to 'painting')
"The sky is blue." (describes 'sky')
Aimie Carlson
Feb 05, 2024
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It and Is Definitions

It

"It" is used for animals when the gender is unknown or irrelevant.
I have a cat. It is very playful.
Janet White
Jan 18, 2024

Is

"Is" is the third-person singular present form of "to be."
She is a talented musician.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 18, 2024

It

"It" substitutes a previously mentioned noun to avoid repetition.
I bought a new phone. It works great.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 18, 2024

Is

"Is" is used in stating facts or truths.
Water is essential for life.
Janet White
Jan 18, 2024

It

"It" can refer to a general situation or condition.
It is raining outside.
Janet White
Jan 18, 2024

Is

"Is" links the subject to a complement that describes it.
The answer is correct.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 18, 2024

It

"It" is a pronoun to represent a non-human entity or object.
Look at the bird, it is flying.
Huma Saeed
Jan 18, 2024

Is

"Is" forms part of many contractions, like "it's" for "it is."
It's a nice day today.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 18, 2024

It

"It" serves as a placeholder in sentences like 'it is' or 'it seems.'
It is important to be kind.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 18, 2024

Is

"Is" indicates the existence or presence of something.
There is a book on the table.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 18, 2024

It

An animal that has been neutered
The cat is an it.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 17, 2024

Is

Third person singular present indicative of be.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 17, 2024

It

The third-person singular personal pronoun used to refer to an inanimate object, abstract entity, or non-human living thing.
Take this book and put it on the shelf.
Take each day as it comes.
I found a poor little cat. It seems to be half starving.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 17, 2024

Is

Used in phrases with existential there when the semantic subject is a third-person plural.
There is three of them there.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 17, 2024

Is

(Geordie) me.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 17, 2024

Is

(rare) i's.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 17, 2024

Is

The third person singular of the substantive verb be, in the indicative mood, present tense; as, he is; he is a man. See Be.
For thy is I come, and eke Alain.
Aye is thou merry.
To-morrow is the new moon.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 17, 2024

FAQs

What kind of verb is "is"?

"Is" is a linking verb, connecting the subject to a descriptor.
Janet White
Feb 05, 2024

How is "is" used grammatically?

"Is" is used as the third-person singular present of the verb "to be."
Huma Saeed
Feb 05, 2024

Can "it" be used for abstract ideas?

Yes, "it" can represent abstract concepts or situations.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 05, 2024

Can "it" refer to people?

Usually, "it" refers to objects or animals, not people, except in impersonal constructions.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 05, 2024

Is "it" always necessary in a sentence?

"It" is used based on context and can be omitted in some informal or imperative constructions.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 05, 2024

How does "is" differ from other forms of "to be"?

"Is" is specifically for singular, third-person present tense, unlike "am" or "are."
Harlon Moss
Feb 05, 2024

Can "is" function alone as a predicate?

Yes, "is" can be the sole verb in a predicate, often followed by a noun or adjective.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 05, 2024

What does "it" represent in a sentence?

"It" is a pronoun representing a noun previously mentioned or implied.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 05, 2024

How does "is" help in forming questions?

"Is" is used in forming questions like "Is this your book?"
Janet White
Feb 05, 2024

Is "is" used in past tense?

No, "is" is only used in the present tense; "was" is the past tense form.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 05, 2024

What does "is" convey in a sentence?

"Is" conveys existence, state, or quality of the subject.
Harlon Moss
Feb 05, 2024

How is "it" used impersonally?

"It" is used impersonally to refer to general conditions or situations, like "it is raining."
Sumera Saeed
Feb 05, 2024

Is "it" used in formal writing?

Yes, "it" is appropriate in both formal and informal contexts.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 05, 2024

How does "is" interact with adjectives?

"Is" links subjects with adjectives to describe their state or quality.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 05, 2024

How does "it" function in expressions like "it seems"?

In such expressions, "it" serves as an impersonal subject.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 05, 2024

What's the contraction form of "is"?

"Is" forms contractions like "it's" (it is) and "he's" (he is).
Aimie Carlson
Feb 05, 2024

What is an example of "it" as a subject?

"It was a dark and stormy night."
Sumera Saeed
Feb 05, 2024

Can "it" be used in place of a person's name?

Generally, "it" is not used for people except in specific idiomatic expressions.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 05, 2024

Does "is" have a plural form?

Yes, the plural form of "is" is "are."
Aimie Carlson
Feb 05, 2024

Can "it" replace a whole idea or clause?

"It" can sometimes refer back to a whole idea or clause, summarizing it.
Janet White
Feb 05, 2024
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

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