Hypoglycemia vs. Hyperglycemia
Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia Definitions
Hypoglycemia vs. Hyperglycemia
Hypoglycemia denotes to the low blood sugar, while hyperglycemia is high blood sugar. Hypoglycemia arises when the average blood glucose level in fasting condition is up to 126 mg per deciliter, but if the level of glucose in the blood decreases or showing less than 70 mg per deciliter on the other hand if the level of glucose level increases above 126 mg per deciliter, the condition is known as hyperglycemia. Hypoglycemia arises suddenly in a patient, while hyperglycemia arises slowly with days and time. Hypoglycemia is less severe than hyperglycemia which is a chronic severe medical condition. Diabetic Ketoacidosis is complications which arise due to hypoglycemia whereas Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome is the complication due to hyperglycemia. In hypoglycemia, the patient is treating through an infusion of dextrose water or instant intake of some carbohydrate form which is given to provide immediate energy whereas, in hyperglycemia, treatment is done by insulin administration in both type 1 diabetes as well in type2 diabetes. Hypoglycemia occurs due to an intake of more amount of insulin, fasting, heavy, low and no consumption of food, gastrointestinal tract disturbance and continues excessive exercising while hyperglycemia occurs due to stress, overeating, an absence of insulin and effect of drugs.
What is Hypoglycemia?
Hypoglycemia denotes to dangerously low blood glucose levels that drop below 70 mg/dL. Significant hypoglycemia considers below 54 mg/dL. It is a severe complication of diabetes and arises in individuals who use insulin or specific kinds of oral diabetes medication. It is a sudden outcome in the body, so the action for treating it is also quick. Hypoglycemia occurs by an excess of insulin, Low or no intake of food, Excessive exercise, and GIT. Symptoms of hypoglycemia include the following as sweating, shakiness, dizziness, rapid pulse, weakness, blurred vision, and headache. To treat hypoglycemia, immediately check your blood glucose level to regulate the amount of carbohydrate that is needing to raise your blood glucose to a safe level. If hypoglycemia is not treating instantly, it can result in an unconsciousness, seizures, coma, or may die. Other guidelines for managing hypoglycemia comprise as keep glucose-containing products close by at all times. Be sure to know diabetes identification at all times.
What is Hyperglycemia?
Hyperglycemia denotes to chronically high blood glucose levels. Diabetes is the most common source of hyperglycemia. Sometimes other situations may also result in hyperglycemia like Cushing’s syndrome, hormone-secreting, and tumors pancreatitis. Persistent hyperglycemia can cause wide-ranging chronic difficulties that affect almost every system in your body. When large blood vessels are affecting, it can lead to Stroke, coronary heart disease, peripheral vascular disease. When smaller blood vessels are affecting, it can lead to kidney disease, nerve damage diabetic eye disease. Severe complications occur when very high blood glucose levels can also lead to the Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) and Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome. Physical signs and symptoms of DKA and HHNS include Hyperglycemia, Dry, parch mouth, extreme thirst, frequent urination, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, warm, dry skin that does not sweat, high fever, sleepiness or confusion, and hallucinations. Risk factors for complications are reducing by doing the following as maintaining your blood glucose levels within a normal range and maintaining your blood pressure under control and controlling your blood fats (cholesterol and triglycerides), avoiding excess alcohol consumption.