Hypoglycemia vs. Hyperglycemia

Main Difference

The main difference between Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia is that hypoglycemia is a disorder originate by a deficient level of blood sugar, the body's primary energy source and often involving the treatment of diabetes. Whereas hyperglycemia is a defining characteristic of diabetes when the blood glucose level is too high because the body isn't appropriately using or doesn't make the hormone insulin.

Hypoglycemia vs. Hyperglycemia — Is There a Difference?
ADVERTISEMENT

Difference Between Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia

Hypoglycemia vs. Hyperglycemia

Hypoglycemia happens when a blood-sugar level becomes low in the blood whereas hyperglycemia happens when a blood-sugar level increases in blood.

Hypoglycemia vs. Hyperglycemia

Signs and Symptoms of hypoglycemia is a high pulse, pale skin, confuse the state of mind, anxiety, tantrums, fast heartbeat, headache while symptoms of hyperglycemia is rise thirst, more urination than usual, high-volume rapid pulse rate, abdomen pain, vomiting, and weight loss.

Hypoglycemia vs. Hyperglycemia

Hypoglycemia damages eyes, kidneys, fits, confusion on the flip side hyperglycemia may lead to coma, urinary excretion, nerve damage, unconsciousness, blurred vision.

Hypoglycemia vs. Hyperglycemia

Hypoglycemia occurs due to excess of insulin, low or no intake of food, excessive exercise, or Gastrointestinal Tract disturbances on the other hand hyperglycemia occur due to too much consumption of food, the absence of insulin, stress, the side effect of drugs.

Hypoglycemia vs. Hyperglycemia

Hypoglycemia is a sudden outcome oppositely hyperglycemia develops slowly over a long period.

Hypoglycemia vs. Hyperglycemia

Hypoglycemia is identifying by checking the glucose level in the blood through the blood test conversely hyperglycemia is identifying by reviewing the glucose level in the blood through the blood test.

ADVERTISEMENT

Hypoglycemia vs. Hyperglycemia

When blood glucose level is less than 70-100 mg per deciliter, then hypoglycemia indicating but when blood glucose level rises beyond 126 mg per deciliter, then hyperglycemias means.

Hypoglycemia vs. Hyperglycemia

Hypoglycemia may rise to Diabetic Ketoacidosis while hyperglycemia may give rise to Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome.

Hypoglycemianoun

(pathology) A too low level of blood glucose.

Hyperglycemianoun

(pathology) An unusually high concentration of sugar in the blood

Hypoglycemianoun

abnormally low blood sugar usually resulting from excessive insulin or a poor diet

Hyperglycemianoun

abnormally high blood sugar usually associated with diabetes

ADVERTISEMENT

Comparison Chart

HypoglycemiaHyperglycemia
When a blood-sugar (glucose) level become low in the bloodWhen a blood-sugar (glucose) level increases in blood
Symptoms
High pulse, Pale skin, Anxiety, Tantrums, HeadachePolydipsia, Polyuria, Abdomen pain. Vomiting, Drowsiness, fatigue, Weight loss
Causes
Excess of insulin, Low or no intake of food, Excessive exercise, GITToo much consumption of food, the absence of insulin, Stress, Side effects of drugs
Effects
Damages eyes, kidneys, fits, confusionComa, urinary excretion, unconsciousness, nerve damage, infertility, blurred vision
Outset
Sudden outcomeSlowly over a long period
Diagnosis
Checking through the blood testHacking glucose level in the blood through the blood test
Complications
May rise to Diabetic KetoacidosisMay give an increase to Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome

Hypoglycemia vs. Hyperglycemia

Hypoglycemia denotes to the low blood sugar, while hyperglycemia is high blood sugar. Hypoglycemia arises when the average blood glucose level in fasting condition is up to 126 mg per deciliter, but if the level of glucose in the blood decreases or showing less than 70 mg per deciliter on the other hand if the level of glucose level increases above 126 mg per deciliter, the condition is known as hyperglycemia. Hypoglycemia arises suddenly in a patient, while hyperglycemia arises slowly with days and time. Hypoglycemia is less severe than hyperglycemia which is a chronic severe medical condition. Diabetic Ketoacidosis is complications which arise due to hypoglycemia whereas Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome is the complication due to hyperglycemia. In hypoglycemia, the patient is treating through an infusion of dextrose water or instant intake of some carbohydrate form which is given to provide immediate energy whereas, in hyperglycemia, treatment is done by insulin administration in both type 1 diabetes as well in type2 diabetes. Hypoglycemia occurs due to an intake of more amount of insulin, fasting, heavy, low and no consumption of food, gastrointestinal tract disturbance and continues excessive exercising while hyperglycemia occurs due to stress, overeating, an absence of insulin and effect of drugs.

What is Hypoglycemia?

Hypoglycemia denotes to dangerously low blood glucose levels that drop below 70 mg/dL. Significant hypoglycemia considers below 54 mg/dL. It is a severe complication of diabetes and arises in individuals who use insulin or specific kinds of oral diabetes medication. It is a sudden outcome in the body, so the action for treating it is also quick. Hypoglycemia occurs by an excess of insulin, Low or no intake of food, Excessive exercise, and GIT. Symptoms of hypoglycemia include the following as sweating, shakiness, dizziness, rapid pulse, weakness, blurred vision, and headache. To treat hypoglycemia, immediately check your blood glucose level to regulate the amount of carbohydrate that is needing to raise your blood glucose to a safe level. If hypoglycemia is not treating instantly, it can result in an unconsciousness, seizures, coma, or may die. Other guidelines for managing hypoglycemia comprise as keep glucose-containing products close by at all times. Be sure to know diabetes identification at all times.

What is Hyperglycemia?

Hyperglycemia denotes to chronically high blood glucose levels. Diabetes is the most common source of hyperglycemia. Sometimes other situations may also result in hyperglycemia like Cushing’s syndrome, hormone-secreting, and tumors pancreatitis. Persistent hyperglycemia can cause wide-ranging chronic difficulties that affect almost every system in your body. When large blood vessels are affecting, it can lead to Stroke, coronary heart disease, peripheral vascular disease. When smaller blood vessels are affecting, it can lead to kidney disease, nerve damage diabetic eye disease. Severe complications occur when very high blood glucose levels can also lead to the Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) and Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome. Physical signs and symptoms of DKA and HHNS include Hyperglycemia, Dry, parch mouth, extreme thirst, frequent urination, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, warm, dry skin that does not sweat, high fever, sleepiness or confusion, and hallucinations. Risk factors for complications are reducing by doing the following as maintaining your blood glucose levels within a normal range and maintaining your blood pressure under control and controlling your blood fats (cholesterol and triglycerides), avoiding excess alcohol consumption.

Conclusion

Above this discussion, it concludes that adjusting blood glucose level in the body is most significant and should regulate adequately. In a body due to the existence of glucose in the blood which can either of higher level (Hyperglycemia) or lower level (Hypoglycemia). Diet, proper care and medications can treat them well and can maintain at the control level.