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Hindi vs. Bengali: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sawaira Riaz || Published on February 11, 2024
Hindi is a widely spoken language in India, using the Devanagari script, while Bengali is the language of Bangladesh and West Bengal, India, written in the Bengali script.

Key Differences

Hindi, an Indo-Aryan language, is predominantly spoken in Northern India and serves as one of India's official languages. Bengali, also an Indo-Aryan language, is the primary language in Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal.
Huma Saeed
Feb 11, 2024
The script used for Hindi is Devanagari, which is phonetic and comprises 47 primary characters. Bengali, on the other hand, uses the Bengali script, characterized by its distinctive horizontal line running along the tops of the letters.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2024
In terms of grammar, Hindi typically follows a Subject-Object-Verb (SOV) order and has grammatical gender. Bengali grammar also generally follows the SOV order but is more flexible in sentence structuring and does not use grammatical gender.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2024
Phonetically, Hindi has several retroflex consonants not found in English, while Bengali has a softer phonetic quality and lacks such retroflex sounds. The pronunciation and intonation patterns in Bengali are notably different from Hindi.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2024
Hindi vocabulary has been significantly influenced by Sanskrit, while Bengali retains a more direct lineage to Sanskrit but also incorporates a substantial number of words from Persian and Arabic, reflective of historical influences.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2024
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Comparison Chart

Geographic Dominance

Northern India
Bangladesh and West Bengal, India
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2024

Script

Devanagari
Bengali Script
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2024

Grammatical Gender

Yes
No
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2024

Sentence Structure

Subject-Object-Verb order, less flexible
Subject-Object-Verb order, more flexible
Harlon Moss
Feb 11, 2024

Phonetic Characteristics

Retroflex consonants, influenced by Sanskrit
Softer sounds, lacks retroflex consonants
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2024
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Hindi and Bengali Definitions

Hindi

Relating to Hindi cinema, also known as Bollywood.
The film was a classic Hindi movie, featuring vibrant dances and melodious songs.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 15, 2024

Bengali

A person from Bengal, a region in South Asia.
As a Bengali, she was very proud of her cultural heritage.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 15, 2024

Hindi

Pertaining to the Devanagari script used in writing the Hindi language.
She learned to write her name in Hindi script during her language class.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 15, 2024

Bengali

Pertaining to the Bengali script used for writing the Bengali language.
Learning to read the Bengali script was an essential part of her language studies.
Janet White
Jan 15, 2024

Hindi

A language spoken primarily in India.
She spoke Hindi fluently, which helped her communicate with the locals in Delhi.
Huma Saeed
Jan 15, 2024

Bengali

Associated with the cultural or ethnic aspects of Bengali-speaking communities.
The Bengali festival was a vibrant celebration of traditional music, dance, and cuisine.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 15, 2024

Hindi

Associated with the cultural or ethnic aspects of Hindi-speaking communities.
The festival celebrated Hindi culture with traditional music and food.
Janet White
Jan 15, 2024

Bengali

A language spoken in Bangladesh and parts of India.
He wrote his thesis on the linguistic intricacies of Bengali.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 15, 2024

Hindi

A term for someone from the Hindi-speaking regions of India.
As a Hindi, he felt a deep connection to the cultural traditions of Northern India.
Harlon Moss
Jan 15, 2024

Bengali

Related to Bengali literature, known for its richness and depth.
Her favorite poet wrote exclusively in Bengali, captivating readers with emotive verses.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 15, 2024

Hindi

A group of vernacular Indic dialects spoken in northern India.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 15, 2024

Bengali

Of or relating to Bengal or its people, language, or culture.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 15, 2024

Hindi

The literary and official language of northern India that is based on these dialects. It is written in Devanagari and uses Sanskrit as a resource language.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 15, 2024

Hindi

The name given by Europeans to that form of the Hindustani language which is chiefly spoken by native Hindus. In employs the Devanagari character, in which Sanskrit is written.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 15, 2024

Hindi

The most widely spoken of modern Indic vernaculars; spoken mostly in the north of India; along with English it is the official language of India; usually written in Devanagari script
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 15, 2024

Hindi

Of or relating to or supporting Hinduism;
The Hindu faith
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 15, 2024

FAQs

Is Bengali spoken outside of Bangladesh and West Bengal?

Yes, it's also spoken in Tripura and Assam in India, and among diaspora communities.
Huma Saeed
Feb 11, 2024

What script is used to write Hindi?

Hindi is written in the Devanagari script.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2024

Does Bengali have its own script?

Yes, Bengali is written in the Bengali script.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2024

Are Hindi and Bengali similar languages?

They are both Indo-Aryan languages but have significant linguistic differences.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 11, 2024

Are there regional dialects in Hindi?

Yes, Hindi has several regional dialects, such as Awadhi, Brij, and Bhojpuri.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 11, 2024

Is Hindi a national language in India?

Hindi is one of the official languages of India, not the national language.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2024

How prevalent is English usage in Bengali-speaking regions?

English is widely used in urban areas and in higher education in Bengali-speaking regions.
Janet White
Feb 11, 2024

Is Bengali recognized as an official language in any other country besides Bangladesh?

No, Bengali is only the official language in Bangladesh and a major language in some Indian states.
Harlon Moss
Feb 11, 2024

Does Bengali have different dialects?

Yes, Bengali dialects vary, particularly between Bangladesh and West Bengal.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 11, 2024

What is the literary tradition of Bengali?

Bengali has a rich literary history, including poetry, novels, and songs.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 11, 2024

How significant is Bollywood to Hindi?

Bollywood, India's Hindi-language film industry, plays a major role in popularizing Hindi globally.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 11, 2024

Can Hindi speakers easily understand Bengali?

Generally no, due to different scripts and linguistic structures.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2024

Is learning Hindi beneficial for business in India?

Yes, Hindi can be useful in business, especially in North and Central India.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 11, 2024

What is the status of Hindi in terms of global speakers?

Hindi is one of the most spoken languages in the world by number of native speakers.
Harlon Moss
Feb 11, 2024

What are the key differences in pronunciation between Hindi and Bengali?

Hindi has more retroflex sounds, while Bengali has a softer pronunciation without retroflex consonants.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2024

Can Hindi literature be easily translated into Bengali?

While translation is possible, differences in cultural context and linguistic nuances pose challenges.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2024

Are there any common words between Hindi and Bengali?

Yes, due to Sanskrit influence, there are some common words in both languages.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 11, 2024

How do Hindi and Bengali compare in terms of the number of speakers?

Hindi has a larger number of speakers globally, while Bengali is the seventh most spoken language worldwide.
Harlon Moss
Feb 11, 2024

What is the origin of the Hindi language?

Hindi evolved from Sanskrit, through Prakrit and Apabhramsha languages.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2024

Is Bengali known for any particular form of art or culture?

Bengali culture is renowned for its contributions to literature, music (particularly Rabindra Sangeet), and cinema.
Harlon Moss
Feb 11, 2024
About Author
Written by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

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