Difference Between Hazard and Disaster


Main Differences

The main difference between Hazard and Disaster is that Hazard is a condition or situation which affects the surrounding environment, whereas Disaster is a natural process that ruins the community within a minute.

Hazard vs. Disaster

Hazard occurs in a less populated area, while disaster takes place in a populated area. Due to negligence, a hazard can occur while due to many other conditions, including multiple disorders of nature, can cause disaster.

Hazard is a condition in which environment, property, life, and health are in danger; meanwhile, disaster is an incident that entirely damages the community is responsible for the loss of humanity, areas, and economics in a short period.


Once a hazard is inactive, it becomes a disaster. In many ways, hazard act as an instrument that targets various vulnerable victims; on the other hand, disaster is nature’s rag, which destroys a specific area.

Hazard is a risk, while a disaster is a kind of risk that is related to humanity and his natural surroundings. Hazard gives minimum loss, whereas disaster is a widespread demolition of life, things, money, environment, and other materials. When a hazard occurs due to negligence, but the increase in the level of pollution and global warming, disaster often occurs.

Comparison Chart

A situation which ruins the life, health, property, and environment is called hazard.A phenomenon of nature that causes the loss of material, economics, environment, and humanity is called a disaster.
Less area.Large area.
Effected on Population
A small number of peopleA large number of people
Working Area
In working areas, some safety hazards existIn working areas, no safety exists
Due to negligenceDue to nature
It is a risk.It is a kind of risk.
Hazard gives minimum lossDisaster gives maximum loss
Emergency Situation
People are ready to deal with themPeople are not ready to deal with them

What is a Hazard?

A hazard is a behavior or any object which probably causes health loss, environment, and property damage. In any place of work, health and safety hazards exist. Some safety hazards easily identified while others managed by using protective equipment.

In an emergency, most occupational hazards are inactive, and employers are ready to deal with them. Day by day, we are becoming modern, but still, we are facing these human-made rags and are helpless to deal with them.

Some acute hazards pose an immediate danger to the physical integrity and health of the workers. Others may have a cumulative effect and take a long time to materialize, as is the cause for certain vapors, radiation, and chemicals, which may lead to chronic medical conditions.

Classification of Hazard

  • Ergonomic Hazards: It puts a strain on a body due to different positions of the stiff, working conditions, and various types of work. When these hazards occur, we cannot notice the strain on a body immediately.
  • Chemical Hazards: Chemical hazards are present in the preparation of chemicals in any form of working place. It causes illnesses, breathing problems, and irritation of the skin.
  • Physical Hazards: An environment that causes illness without touching the body are physical hazards.
  • Biological Hazards: Different animals, infectious plants, people, and material are responsible for lots of genetic hazards.
  • Work Organization Hazards: Hazards that are related to working issues like workload. It causes stress and strain on workers for a short time. Sometimes it takes a long time.

What is a Disaster?

In a short period, the disaster occurs all over the place, which causes the loss of material, economic, environmental, and humanity. Disaster is a sudden and severe distraction of climate which affects the entire community.

It makes the society or community able to survive by using its resources. Disaster is an original thread which demolishes the society’s situation. It can put down the entire community in shock. People who are facing disaster can get emotional disorders.

Disasters affect society in a short time, but it takes a long time to resolve different losses. Before, during, and after the event, people are facing constant worrying, sleeping troubles, anxiety, and other depression.

From these events, a lot of public can bounce back and facilitate the family and community, but others may have to path of recovery and additional support to move and onward. Kinds of disasters like floods, wildfires, earthquakes, tornadoes and severe storms, etc.

Classification of Disaster

  • Natural Disasters: A phenomenon or natural process that causes injuries, health issues, loss of property, social and economic disorders, and loss of thousands of people. Various kinds of natural disasters like earthquakes, floods, cyclones, and land sliding. Each year due to natural disasters, billions of deaths occur. In developing countries, due to lack of insufficient budgetary, people suffer more.
  • Human-Made Disasters: Terrorist attacks, industrial accidents, and plane crashes are examples of human-made disasters. Scientific tragedies are an initial response of the human-made disasters. These types of shocking events can bring deaths and property damage.

Key Differences

  1. Hazard is a condition; on the other side, a disaster is an event.
  2. Hazards can affect a small range of areas than a disaster.
  3. Hazards are human-made problems; on the other hand, disaster is a natural process.
  4. People are ready to deal with hazards other than disasters.
  5. Safety hazards exist; on the contrary, safety disasters are not possible.


Hazards bring loss on a small scale; on the other side, disasters cause a loss on a large scale. Hazards are bearable than disasters.

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson