Difference Wiki

Graphene vs. Graphene Oxide: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sawaira Riaz || Published on December 25, 2023
Graphene is a single layer of carbon atoms in a hexagonal lattice; Graphene Oxide is graphene with oxygen and other functional groups attached.

Key Differences

Graphene is a single layer of carbon atoms arranged in a two-dimensional hexagonal lattice, known for its exceptional strength, conductivity, and thinness. Graphene Oxide (GO) is a derivative of graphene, featuring various oxygen-containing groups, which alters its properties, making it less conductive but more soluble in water.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 25, 2023
Graphene is highly conductive, both electrically and thermally, and is one of the strongest materials known. It is used in a variety of applications, from electronics to composites. Graphene Oxide, on the other hand, has reduced electrical conductivity due to the disruption of its sp2 bonding networks by oxygen groups, but its increased solubility makes it useful in fields like material science and biomedical applications.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 25, 2023
Graphene is hydrophobic, meaning it repels water, which limits its use in certain applications. Graphene Oxide is hydrophilic, meaning it can interact with water, which expands its usability in aqueous solutions and for certain chemical processes.
Huma Saeed
Dec 25, 2023
Graphene can be produced through methods like mechanical exfoliation or chemical vapor deposition, which yield a pure form of graphene. Graphene Oxide is typically produced by oxidizing graphite, a process that introduces oxygen-containing groups to the graphene structure.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 25, 2023
Graphene has potential applications in high-speed electronics, sensors, and advanced composites due to its unique properties. Graphene Oxide is used in areas like drug delivery, water purification, and as a precursor for producing other graphene-based materials.
Harlon Moss
Dec 25, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Comparison Chart

Composition

Single layer of carbon atoms.
Graphene with oxygen and other functional groups.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 25, 2023

Conductivity

Highly conductive electrically and thermally.
Reduced electrical conductivity.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 25, 2023

Water Interaction

Hydrophobic (repels water).
Hydrophilic (interacts with water).
Huma Saeed
Dec 25, 2023

Production Method

Mechanical exfoliation, chemical vapor deposition.
Oxidizing graphite.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 25, 2023

Applications

Electronics, sensors, composites.
Drug delivery, water purification, material science.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 25, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Graphene and Graphene Oxide Definitions

Graphene

Graphene is known for its excellent electrical and thermal conductivity.
They used graphene in the circuit for its superior conductivity.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 22, 2023

Graphene Oxide

Graphene Oxide has reduced electrical conductivity compared to graphene.
The graphene oxide film was less conductive but perfect for the application.
Huma Saeed
Nov 22, 2023

Graphene

Graphene is one of the strongest materials known, despite its thinness.
The graphene composite material was both lightweight and exceptionally strong.
Harlon Moss
Nov 22, 2023

Graphene Oxide

Graphene Oxide is typically produced by oxidizing graphite.
The lab produced graphene oxide by treating graphite with strong oxidizers.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 22, 2023

Graphene

Graphene is hydrophobic and has potential in advanced electronics.
The graphene coating made the device water-resistant.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 22, 2023

Graphene Oxide

Graphene Oxide is hydrophilic, unlike graphene.
Graphene oxide's water-friendly nature was useful in creating new filtration membranes.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 22, 2023

Graphene

Graphene is a single layer of carbon atoms in a hexagonal lattice.
The graphene sheet was remarkably strong yet incredibly thin.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 22, 2023

Graphene Oxide

Graphene Oxide is graphene with oxygen and other functional groups.
Graphene oxide's solubility in water makes it ideal for certain chemical processes.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 22, 2023

Graphene

Graphene is produced from graphite through various methods like chemical vapor deposition.
They created high-quality graphene using the chemical vapor deposition technique.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 22, 2023

Graphene Oxide

Graphene Oxide is used in drug delivery and water purification.
They used graphene oxide in developing a new drug delivery system.
Janet White
Nov 22, 2023

Graphene

A monolayer of carbon atoms having a hexagonal lattice structure and constituting a basic structural element of graphite, fullerenes, and carbon nanotubes.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 19, 2023

Graphene

(organic chemistry) Any polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon having the structure of part of a layer of graphite.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 19, 2023

Graphene

(inorganic chemistry) An arbitrarily large-scale, one-atom-thick layer of graphite, an allotrope of carbon, that has remarkable electric characteristics.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 19, 2023

FAQs

Can graphene oxide conduct electricity?

Graphene oxide has reduced electrical conductivity compared to graphene due to the presence of oxygen groups.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 25, 2023

Is graphene naturally occurring?

Graphene is not found naturally; it's produced from graphite, a naturally occurring form of carbon.
Janet White
Dec 25, 2023

What is graphene?

Graphene is a two-dimensional layer of carbon atoms arranged in a hexagonal lattice.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 25, 2023

How is graphene different from graphite?

Graphene is a single atomic layer of carbon, whereas graphite is composed of multiple layers of graphene stacked together.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 25, 2023

What are potential applications of graphene?

Potential applications of graphene include high-speed electronics, advanced composites, and sensors.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 25, 2023

What is graphene oxide used for?

Graphene oxide is used in water purification, drug delivery, and as a precursor for other graphene materials.
Huma Saeed
Dec 25, 2023

How is graphene used in electronics?

Graphene is used in electronics for its high electrical conductivity and thin, flexible nature.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 25, 2023

What are the unique properties of graphene?

Graphene's unique properties include high strength, conductivity, and flexibility.
Janet White
Dec 25, 2023

Is graphene oxide toxic?

The toxicity of graphene oxide can depend on its form and how it's used; research in this area is ongoing.
Harlon Moss
Dec 25, 2023

Can graphene be used in batteries?

Yes, graphene can be used in batteries to improve capacity and charge rates.
Janet White
Dec 25, 2023

How is graphene oxide made?

Graphene oxide is made by treating graphite with strong oxidizers, introducing oxygen-containing groups.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 25, 2023

Is graphene oxide soluble in water?

Yes, graphene oxide is hydrophilic and more soluble in water than graphene.
Janet White
Dec 25, 2023

What are the challenges in working with graphene?

Challenges with graphene include its production cost and integrating it into existing materials and technologies.
Janet White
Dec 25, 2023

Can graphene oxide be used in medical applications?

Yes, graphene oxide's properties make it suitable for applications like drug delivery systems.
Janet White
Dec 25, 2023

Is graphene more conductive than copper?

Yes, graphene is more electrically conductive than copper.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 25, 2023

Why is graphene oxide important in research?

Graphene oxide is important for its versatility in applications like material science and biomedicine.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 25, 2023

How does graphene oxide help in water purification?

Graphene oxide helps in water purification by filtering out contaminants due to its fine, porous structure and chemical properties.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 25, 2023

How does the hydrophilicity of graphene oxide benefit its applications?

The hydrophilicity of graphene oxide makes it useful in applications involving water, like filtration and purification.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 25, 2023

What makes graphene oxide different from other carbon materials?

Graphene oxide's unique combination of graphene structure with oxygen functional groups sets it apart from other carbon materials.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 25, 2023

Is graphene flexible?

Yes, graphene is extremely flexible and can be bent without breaking.
Janet White
Dec 25, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

Trending Comparisons

Popular Comparisons

New Comparisons