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Floriculture vs. Horticulture: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Harlon Moss || Published on January 13, 2024
Floriculture focuses on cultivating flowers and ornamental plants, while horticulture encompasses the broader science of growing fruits, vegetables, flowers, and ornamental plants.

Key Differences

Floriculture is a branch of horticulture specifically dedicated to growing and managing flowering and ornamental plants. Horticulture, on the other hand, is a wider field that covers the cultivation, processing, and sale of fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, herbs, sprouts, mushrooms, algae, flowers, seaweeds, and non-food crops like ornamental trees and plants.
The focus of floriculture is primarily on the aesthetic and decorative aspects of plants, including breeding for desired flower colors, shapes, and sizes. Horticulture not only includes floriculture but also encompasses fruit and vegetable production, landscape and garden design, and plant conservation.
Professionals in floriculture often engage in activities like floral design, greenhouse management, and landscaping with flowering plants. Horticulturists, however, may work in a variety of settings including orchards, farms, botanical gardens, nurseries, and research laboratories.
Floriculture requires expertise in the specific needs of flowering plants, often involving intricate knowledge of flowering cycles, pest control, and aesthetic arrangement. Horticulture involves a broader knowledge base, including soil science, plant biology, pest management, and crop production techniques.
Market-wise, floriculture caters predominantly to the decorative plant and cut flower market. Horticulture covers a broader market range, supplying not only ornamental plants but also fruits, vegetables, and other plant-based products for human consumption and use.

Comparison Chart


Cultivating flowers and ornamental plants
Growing a variety of plants, including food crops

Primary Interests

Aesthetics, decorative aspects of plants
Broader plant cultivation and science

Professional Activities

Floral design, greenhouse management
Orchard/farm management, research, landscaping

Expertise Required

Flowering cycles, pest control in flowers
Soil science, crop production, plant biology

Market Scope

Decorative plants, cut flower market
Ornamental plants, fruits, vegetables, and more

Floriculture and Horticulture Definitions


Cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants.
She pursued a career in floriculture, specializing in rose cultivation.


Science and art of growing fruits, vegetables, flowers, or ornamental plants.
Her degree in horticulture enabled her to start a sustainable garden.


Growing flowers for commercial purposes.
His floriculture business flourished during the festive season.


Practice of garden cultivation and management.
He applied his horticulture skills to create a community garden.


Production and marketing of flowering plants.
The greenhouse focused on floriculture, supplying flowers for events.


Cultivation of plants for food, comfort, and beauty.
Horticulture includes everything from fruit production to landscape design.


The science of growing and managing flowers.
Floriculture involves breeding flowers for vibrant colors and diverse forms.


Branch of agriculture focused on plant cultivation.
Advancements in horticulture have improved crop yields significantly.


Floriculture deals with decorative plant breeding.
In floriculture, selective breeding creates unique floral varieties.


Horticulture involves both edible and decorative plant cultivation.
Through horticulture, he grew a variety of herbs and flowers.


The cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants.


The science or art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, flowers, or ornamental plants.


The farming of flowers


The cultivation of a garden.


The cultivation of flowering plants.


The art or science of cultivating gardens; gardening.


The cultivation of flowering plants


Small-scale agriculture.


The cultivation of a garden or orchard; the art of cultivating gardens or orchards.


The cultivation of plants


What does horticulture encompass?

It includes the cultivation of fruits, vegetables, flowers, and ornamental plants.

Are floriculture products always for decoration?

Mostly, but they can also have other uses like in perfumery.

Can someone specialize in both floriculture and horticulture?

Yes, as floriculture is a subset of horticulture.

Is landscaping part of horticulture?

Yes, landscaping is an aspect of horticulture.

Can floriculture include vegetable growing?

Typically no, as it focuses on flowers and ornamental plants.

How do horticulturists contribute to food production?

Through the cultivation and improvement of fruit and vegetable crops.

What's the market demand for floriculture products?

High, especially for cut flowers and decorative plants.

What is the primary goal of floriculture?

To grow and manage flowering and ornamental plants, often for decorative purposes.

Are greenhouses used in both floriculture and horticulture?

Yes, they are common in both for controlled plant cultivation.

How is horticulture different from agriculture?

Horticulture is a branch of agriculture focused specifically on plant cultivation.

What are common plants grown in floriculture?

Roses, tulips, chrysanthemums, and orchids, among others.

What is a common career in floriculture?

Floral designer or greenhouse manager.

Do horticulturists work in research?

Many do, focusing on plant cultivation methods and improvements.

How does horticulture benefit the environment?

Through sustainable cultivation practices and enhancing green spaces.

Can floriculture include indoor plant cultivation?

Yes, it often includes the cultivation of indoor ornamental plants.

What skills are needed for floriculture?

Skills in plant breeding, pest control, and aesthetic design of flowering plants.

Does horticulture involve genetic plant modification?

It can include breeding techniques for plant improvement.

Is soil health important in both floriculture and horticulture?

Yes, soil health is key for successful plant growth in both fields.

Can horticulture be done in urban settings?

Yes, through practices like urban gardening and vertical farming.

Is irrigation knowledge important in floriculture?

Yes, proper watering is crucial for flower cultivation.
About Author
Written by
Harlon Moss
Harlon is a seasoned quality moderator and accomplished content writer for Difference Wiki. An alumnus of the prestigious University of California, he earned his degree in Computer Science. Leveraging his academic background, Harlon brings a meticulous and informed perspective to his work, ensuring content accuracy and excellence.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

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