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Agriculture vs. Farming: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Harlon Moss || Published on January 13, 2024
Agriculture is the broad practice of cultivating plants and livestock, whereas farming specifically refers to the activity of cultivating crops and raising animals on a farm.

Key Differences

Agriculture is a wide-ranging term that encompasses all aspects of cultivating plants and animals for use by humans, including farming. Farming is a subset of agriculture, focusing specifically on the operation of a farm for the production of crops and livestock.
Agriculture includes farming, but also extends to activities like breeding, soil cultivation, dairy farming, and horticulture. Farming is centered around the hands-on activities of growing crops and raising animals for food or other products.
Agriculture is a field of study and a sector that includes research, technology, and the economics of food production. Farming is the practical application of agricultural methods, often on a smaller scale and with a focus on individual farms.
Agriculture covers broader issues like sustainability, environmental impact, and food security. Farming addresses these issues at the farm level and includes the day-to-day management of agricultural resources.
Agriculture encompasses the business, science, and technology of plant and animal production, including farming. Farming specifically refers to the labor and management involved in operating a farm.

Comparison Chart


Broad, encompassing all aspects of food production
Specific to cultivating crops and raising livestock


Includes farming, breeding, soil science, and more
Primarily involves growing crops and rearing animals


An academic and professional field
A subset, focusing on practical agricultural activities


Addresses global issues like sustainability
Focuses on these issues at the individual farm level

Economic Role

Covers the entire agricultural industry
Concerned with the business aspect of a single farm

Agriculture and Farming Definitions


The science, art, and practice of cultivating soil, growing crops, and raising livestock.
Agriculture plays a crucial role in the global economy.


Rearing of animals for food, wool, and other products.
He started farming with a small herd of cattle.


Involves the breeding and management of plants and animals.
Sustainable agriculture practices are essential for environmental health.


The practice of cultivating land and raising crops.
Farming has been a family tradition for generations.


A sector that encompasses all aspects of food and fiber production.
Advances in agriculture have significantly increased food production.


Hands-on work in growing agricultural produce.
Organic farming is gaining popularity due to its environmental benefits.


A field of study that includes agronomy, horticulture, and animal science.
She pursued a degree in agriculture to better understand crop genetics.


A subset of agriculture focused on production at the farm level.
Farming requires knowledge in both agriculture and business management.


The art or science of cultivating the ground, including the harvesting of crops, and the rearing and management of live stock; tillage; husbandry; farming.


The management of a farm and its resources.
Technological innovations are changing the face of farming.


The science, art, and business of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock; farming.


A tract of land cultivated for the purpose of agricultural production.


The art or science of cultivating the ground, including the harvesting of crops, and the rearing and management of livestock


A tract of land devoted to the raising and breeding of domestic animals.


A large-scale farming enterprise


The practice of cultivating the land or raising stock


The federal department that administers programs that provide services to farmers (including research and soil conservation and efforts to stabilize the farming economy); created in 1862


The class of people engaged in growing food


An industry that includes farming, but also processing and distribution.
Technology is transforming agriculture, making it more efficient and sustainable.


What is farming?

The specific activity of growing crops and raising livestock on a farm.

How do agriculture and farming differ?

Agriculture is a broader term, while farming specifically refers to activities on a farm.

Can agriculture exist without farming?

No, farming is an essential component of agriculture.

Is farming only about crops?

Farming includes both crop cultivation and animal husbandry.

Are there different types of farming?

Yes, including organic, conventional, and subsistence farming.

How has agriculture evolved over time?

Agriculture has evolved with advancements in science, technology, and socio-economic practices.

What is agriculture?

The broad practice of cultivating plants and animals for human use.

How important is sustainability in farming?

Sustainability is crucial for the long-term viability of farming.

What is the main focus of farming?

The main focus is on the practical cultivation of food and other products.

What fields does agriculture cover?

Agriculture covers fields like agronomy, horticulture, and animal science.

What skills are needed for farming?

Skills in crop and animal management, as well as business acumen.

Does agriculture include food processing?

Yes, agriculture encompasses the entire process from production to distribution.

What role does technology play in agriculture?

Technology plays a key role in improving efficiency and productivity in agriculture.

Can urban settings engage in farming?

Yes, through practices like urban farming and rooftop gardens.

Can anyone start farming?

Yes, with the necessary knowledge and resources, anyone can start farming.

How do government policies affect farming?

Policies can impact farming through subsidies, regulations, and support programs.

What is the future of agriculture?

The future of agriculture includes increased sustainability, technological integration, and adapting to global challenges.

What are the challenges faced in farming?

Challenges include climate change, market fluctuations, and resource management.

What is the impact of agriculture on the environment?

Agriculture impacts the environment in various ways, including land use and resource consumption.

What is the role of research in agriculture?

Research in agriculture focuses on improving crop yields, pest control, and sustainability.
About Author
Written by
Harlon Moss
Harlon is a seasoned quality moderator and accomplished content writer for Difference Wiki. An alumnus of the prestigious University of California, he earned his degree in Computer Science. Leveraging his academic background, Harlon brings a meticulous and informed perspective to his work, ensuring content accuracy and excellence.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

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