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Ferromagnetism vs. Antiferromagnetism: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sawaira Riaz || Published on January 15, 2024
Ferromagnetism refers to magnetic moments align parallel, creating strong magnetic fields. Antiferromagnetism refers to magnetic moments align antiparallel, canceling out and creating no net magnetism.

Key Differences

Ferromagnetism is characterized by the parallel alignment of magnetic moments, leading to strong magnetization. In contrast, antiferromagnetism involves the antiparallel alignment of magnetic moments, resulting in no net magnetization.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 15, 2024
Materials exhibiting ferromagnetism, like iron, become permanent magnets. Antiferromagnetic materials, such as manganese oxide, do not retain magnetism in the absence of an external magnetic field.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 15, 2024
Ferromagnetic materials have a high magnetic susceptibility and can be magnetized easily. Antiferromagnetic materials, however, have a lower magnetic susceptibility.
Huma Saeed
Jan 15, 2024
The Curie temperature in ferromagnetism denotes the point beyond which the material loses its magnetism. In antiferromagnetism, the Néel temperature marks the threshold where antiferromagnetic order is lost.
Janet White
Jan 15, 2024
Ferromagnetism is commonly used in hard drives and speakers. Antiferromagnetism finds applications in magnetic storage media where stability against external magnetic fields is required.
Harlon Moss
Jan 15, 2024
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Comparison Chart

Magnetic Moment Alignment

Parallel
Antiparallel
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 15, 2024

Net Magnetization

Strong
None
Huma Saeed
Jan 15, 2024

Magnetic Susceptibility

High
Lower
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 15, 2024

Temperature Threshold

Curie Temperature
Néel Temperature
Harlon Moss
Jan 15, 2024

Common Uses

Hard drives, Speakers
Magnetic storage media
Janet White
Jan 15, 2024
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Ferromagnetism and Antiferromagnetism Definitions

Ferromagnetism

Characterized by the alignment of magnetic moments in parallel.
In ferromagnetism, the parallel alignment of atoms creates strong magnetic fields.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 22, 2023

Antiferromagnetism

Exhibits magnetic order without net magnetization.
In antiferromagnetism, the material's internal magnetic order does not produce an external field.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 22, 2023

Ferromagnetism

Exhibits high magnetic susceptibility and magnetization.
Ferromagnetic materials like cobalt can be easily magnetized due to their high susceptibility.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 22, 2023

Antiferromagnetism

Common in materials like manganese oxide and iron oxide.
Antiferromagnetic materials like iron oxide are used in various technological applications.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 22, 2023

Ferromagnetism

The phenomenon where materials can exhibit permanent magnetism.
Iron is an example of ferromagnetism, retaining its magnetic properties after being magnetized.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 22, 2023

Antiferromagnetism

Loses its magnetic structure above the Néel temperature.
Heating an antiferromagnetic material above its Néel temperature disrupts its magnetic ordering.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 22, 2023

Ferromagnetism

Loses its magnetic properties above the Curie temperature.
Heating a ferromagnetic material above its Curie temperature will demagnetize it.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 22, 2023

Antiferromagnetism

A magnetic phenomenon where adjacent atoms' spins align oppositely, cancelling out magnetism.
Manganese oxide is an example of antiferromagnetism, exhibiting no external magnetic field.
Huma Saeed
Dec 22, 2023

Ferromagnetism

Occurs in metals like iron, nickel, and cobalt.
Ferromagnetism is a key property in common magnets made from iron.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 22, 2023

Antiferromagnetism

Characterized by a lower magnetic susceptibility.
Due to antiferromagnetism, certain materials have a muted response to magnetic fields.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 22, 2023

Ferromagnetism

Of or characteristic of substances such as iron, nickel, or cobalt and various alloys that exhibit extremely high magnetic permeability, a characteristic saturation point, and magnetic hysteresis.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 19, 2023

Antiferromagnetism

(physics) a phenomenon, similar to ferromagnetism, in which magnetic domains line up in a regular pattern, but with neighbouring electron spins pointing in opposite directions; materials showing this effect are either ferrimagnetic or diamagnetic, and become paramagnetic above the Neel temperature
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 19, 2023

Ferromagnetism

(physics) The phenomenon whereby certain substances can become permanent magnets when subjected to a magnetic field.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 19, 2023

Antiferromagnetism

Magnetic field creates parallel but opposing spins; varies with temperature
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 19, 2023

Ferromagnetism

Phenomenon exhibited by materials like iron (nickel or cobalt) that become magnetized in a magnetic field and retain their magnetism when the field is removed
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 19, 2023

FAQs

Which materials exhibit ferromagnetism?

Common ferromagnetic materials include iron, nickel, and cobalt.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 15, 2024

What are examples of antiferromagnetic materials?

Manganese oxide and iron oxide are examples of antiferromagnetic materials.
Janet White
Jan 15, 2024

What is ferromagnetism?

Ferromagnetism is the alignment of magnetic moments in parallel, creating a strong magnetic field.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 15, 2024

What is the Néel temperature in antiferromagnetism?

The Néel temperature is the threshold above which antiferromagnetic materials lose their magnetic order.
Harlon Moss
Jan 15, 2024

What is antiferromagnetism?

Antiferromagnetism is the antiparallel alignment of magnetic moments, resulting in no net magnetism.
Huma Saeed
Jan 15, 2024

How do ferromagnetic materials behave in magnetic fields?

Ferromagnetic materials become strongly magnetized when placed in a magnetic field.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 15, 2024

Do antiferromagnetic materials get magnetized?

Antiferromagnetic materials do not retain magnetism in an external magnetic field.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 15, 2024

What is the atomic basis of antiferromagnetism?

Antiferromagnetism arises from the antiparallel alignment of adjacent atomic spins.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 15, 2024

What is the Curie temperature in ferromagnetism?

The Curie temperature is the point at which ferromagnetic materials lose their magnetism.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 15, 2024

Can ferromagnetism be found in everyday objects?

Yes, ferromagnetism is present in everyday items like fridge magnets and hard drives.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 15, 2024

Is antiferromagnetism useful in magnetic sensors?

Antiferromagnetic materials are useful in applications where stable magnetic properties are required.
Janet White
Jan 15, 2024

Is ferromagnetism temperature-dependent?

Yes, ferromagnetism is affected by temperature, especially near the Curie point.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 15, 2024

Are all metals ferromagnetic?

No, only certain metals like iron, cobalt, and nickel exhibit ferromagnetism.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 15, 2024

Do all insulators show antiferromagnetism?

No, antiferromagnetism is not exclusive to insulators and can be found in various materials.
Janet White
Jan 15, 2024

Are antiferromagnetic materials used in technology?

Yes, they are used in various technologies, including magnetic storage media.
Janet White
Jan 15, 2024

Does temperature affect antiferromagnetism?

Antiferromagnetism is influenced by temperature, particularly above the Néel temperature.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 15, 2024

What causes ferromagnetism at the atomic level?

Ferromagnetism is caused by the parallel alignment of electron spins in atoms.
Janet White
Jan 15, 2024

How do ferromagnetic materials respond to external magnetic fields?

They respond strongly, becoming magnetized in the presence of a magnetic field.
Harlon Moss
Jan 15, 2024

What is the response of antiferromagnetic materials to magnetic fields?

They show a muted response due to the cancellation of magnetic moments.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 15, 2024

Can ferromagnetism be used in data storage?

Yes, ferromagnetism is essential in magnetic data storage like hard drives.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 15, 2024
About Author
Written by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

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