Difference Wiki

Fact vs. Theory: What's the Difference?

Edited by Sawaira Riaz || By Sumera Saeed || Published on February 8, 2024
Fact refers to an objective, verifiable observation. Theory refers to a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world.

Key Differences

A fact is a statement that can be proven true or false through objective evidence, while a theory is a coherent set of principles that explains observed phenomena and is supported by evidence.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 08, 2024
Facts are data points or observations about the world, often empirical in nature, whereas theories are frameworks for understanding and explaining these facts in a broader context.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 08, 2024
Facts are specific and unchanging in the light of new evidence, while theories are dynamic and can be modified or replaced as new facts and understanding emerge.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 08, 2024
Theories are often an assembly of interconnected facts that are used to explain larger concepts, whereas facts stand alone as singular truths.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 08, 2024
In the scientific process, theories are developed to explain facts, and new facts can lead to the refinement or reassessment of existing theories.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 08, 2024
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Comparison Chart

Nature

Concrete and observable
Abstract and explanatory
Sumera Saeed
Feb 08, 2024

Dependence on Evidence

Independent of belief
Dependent on a body of evidence
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 08, 2024

Flexibility

Inflexible, remains constant
Flexible, evolves with new evidence
Sumera Saeed
Feb 08, 2024

Role in Science

Basis for further inquiry
Framework for understanding
Aimie Carlson
Feb 08, 2024

Example

The Earth orbits the Sun
Theory of Gravity explains why
Aimie Carlson
Feb 08, 2024
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Fact and Theory Definitions

Fact

A fact is an objective reality.
The Eiffel Tower is in Paris.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 02, 2024

Theory

A theory is a set of principles on which the practice of an activity is based.
Newton's theory of motion predicts the movement of objects.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 02, 2024

Fact

A fact is something known to exist or to have happened.
Neil Armstrong walked on the moon in 1969.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 02, 2024

Theory

A theory is an idea used to account for a situation or justify a course of action.
Game theory provides strategies for decision-making in economics.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 02, 2024

Fact

A fact is an observation confirmed through empirical evidence.
The sun rises in the east.
Janet White
Jan 02, 2024

Theory

A theory is a system of ideas intended to explain something.
The Big Bang theory explains the origin of the universe.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 02, 2024

Fact

A fact is a statement that is true and can be proven.
Water boils at 100°C.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 02, 2024

Theory

A theory is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon.
The theory of evolution by natural selection explains species diversity.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 02, 2024

Fact

A fact is a piece of information presented as having objective reality.
Diamonds are the hardest natural substance.
Harlon Moss
Jan 02, 2024

Theory

A theory is a hypothesis that has been substantiated by significant evidence.
Germ theory explains many diseases.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 02, 2024

Fact

Knowledge or information based on real occurrences
An account based on fact.
A blur of fact and fancy.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 02, 2024

Theory

A set of statements or principles devised to explain a group of facts or phenomena, especially one that has been repeatedly tested or is widely accepted and can be used to make predictions about natural phenomena.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 02, 2024

FAQs

How do we determine if something is a fact?

Through observation, measurement, and empirical evidence.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 08, 2024

Can a fact change over time?

Yes, what is considered a fact can change as new information or evidence becomes available.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 08, 2024

Is a fact always true?

A fact is considered true based on current evidence, but it may be re-evaluated with new findings.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 08, 2024

Is a scientific fact absolute?

Scientific facts are the best current explanations based on evidence, but they are open to revision or rejection with new evidence.
Harlon Moss
Feb 08, 2024

Are facts the same as truths?

Facts are statements that can be proven true or false; truths are broader and can include personal beliefs.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 08, 2024

How do facts differ from theories?

Facts are specific pieces of information, while theories are explanations of how and why facts are related.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 08, 2024

How is a theory developed?

Through the scientific method, involving hypothesis formation, experimentation, observation, and refinement.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 08, 2024

Can a fact be disproven?

Yes, if new evidence or information contradicts the current understanding.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 08, 2024

What is a fact?

A fact is a statement that can be proven to be true or false based on evidence or reality.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 08, 2024

Can a fact be an opinion?

No, a fact is based on objective evidence, not personal feelings or opinions.
Harlon Moss
Feb 08, 2024

Are theories facts?

Theories are explanations of facts; they are not facts themselves.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 08, 2024

How do theories contribute to science?

They provide frameworks for understanding observations and predicting future events.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 08, 2024

What is a theory?

A theory is a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world that is based on a body of evidence.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 08, 2024

Do all theories eventually become facts?

No, theories explain facts; they do not transform into facts.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 08, 2024

Are historical facts always accurate?

Historical facts are based on the best available evidence and interpretations but can be subject to revision.
Harlon Moss
Feb 08, 2024

Is a theory the same as a hypothesis?

No, a hypothesis is a tentative explanation, while a theory is a well-supported and widely accepted explanation.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 08, 2024

Can a theory be proven?

Theories can't be proven absolutely but can be strongly supported by evidence.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 08, 2024

Is a theory always scientific?

In common usage, theory can refer to a guess, but in science, a theory is a well-supported explanation.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 08, 2024

What makes a good scientific theory?

A good theory is falsifiable, consistent with existing evidence, and able to make accurate predictions.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 08, 2024

Can theories change?

Yes, theories can evolve or be replaced as new evidence becomes available.
Janet White
Feb 08, 2024
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.

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