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Benzyl Chloride vs. Benzoyl Chloride: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sawaira Riaz || Published on January 10, 2024
Benzyl chloride is a chlorinated aromatic hydrocarbon with a -CH2Cl group, while benzoyl chloride has a -COCl group, making it an acyl chloride.

Key Differences

Benzyl chloride is characterized by a benzene ring attached to a -CH2Cl group. This structure makes it a primary alkyl halide. On the other hand, benzoyl chloride features a benzene ring bonded to a carbonyl group (-C=O) and a chlorine atom (-COCl), classifying it as an acyl chloride.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 10, 2024
Benzyl chloride, due to its alkyl halide nature, primarily undergoes nucleophilic substitution reactions. Benzoyl chloride, being an acyl chloride, is highly reactive towards nucleophiles and is often used in acylation reactions.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 10, 2024
Benzyl chloride is a colorless liquid with a pungent odor and is less dense than water. Benzoyl chloride is also a colorless, fuming liquid, but it has a sharp, irritating odor and reacts vigorously with water.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 10, 2024
Benzyl chloride is used as an intermediate in the synthesis of various chemicals, including dyes and pharmaceuticals. Benzoyl chloride is widely used in the production of peroxides, dyes, and pharmaceuticals, especially for introducing the benzoyl group.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 10, 2024
Both benzyl chloride and benzoyl chloride are corrosive and hazardous. Benzyl chloride is a lachrymator and skin irritant, while benzoyl chloride is particularly reactive and can cause severe burns upon contact.
Harlon Moss
Jan 10, 2024
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Comparison Chart

Chemical Group

Alkyl halide (-CH2Cl)
Acyl chloride (-COCl)
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 10, 2024

Reactivity

Undergoes nucleophilic substitution
Highly reactive in acylation reactions
Huma Saeed
Jan 10, 2024

Physical State

Colorless liquid, pungent odor
Colorless, fuming liquid, sharp odor
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 10, 2024

Main Uses

Intermediate in dyes, pharmaceuticals
Producing peroxides, dyes, pharmaceuticals
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 10, 2024

Handling Risks

Lachrymator, skin irritant
Corrosive, causes severe burns
Aimie Carlson
Jan 10, 2024
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Benzyl Chloride and Benzoyl Chloride Definitions

Benzyl Chloride

It is less dense than water.
In a water mixture, benzyl chloride floats on the surface.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 22, 2023

Benzoyl Chloride

Benzoyl chloride is an acyl chloride derivative.
Benzoyl chloride reacts readily with alcohols.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 22, 2023

Benzyl Chloride

It is a colorless liquid with a pungent odor.
The laboratory was filled with the distinct smell of benzyl chloride.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 22, 2023

Benzoyl Chloride

It is a colorless, fuming liquid with a sharp odor.
The presence of benzoyl chloride was indicated by its sharp, acrid smell.
Huma Saeed
Dec 22, 2023

Benzyl Chloride

Benzyl chloride is a primary alkyl halide.
Benzyl chloride is used in organic synthesis.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 22, 2023

Benzoyl Chloride

Commonly used to introduce benzoyl groups.
Benzoyl chloride is essential for benzoylation reactions in organic chemistry.
Harlon Moss
Dec 22, 2023

Benzyl Chloride

Used as an intermediate in the manufacture of chemicals.
Benzyl chloride's role in producing certain dyes is crucial.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 22, 2023

Benzoyl Chloride

Benzoyl chloride is used in organic synthesis.
Synthesizing certain pharmaceuticals often involves benzoyl chloride.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 22, 2023

Benzyl Chloride

Benzyl chloride is a lachrymator and skin irritant.
Care must be taken to avoid skin contact with benzyl chloride.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 22, 2023

Benzoyl Chloride

It is highly reactive and corrosive.
Handling benzoyl chloride requires extreme caution due to its reactivity.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 22, 2023

FAQs

Are benzyl chloride and benzoyl chloride the same?

No, they differ in chemical structure and properties.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 10, 2024

What are the main uses of benzyl chloride?

It's used in making dyes, pharmaceuticals, and other chemicals.
Janet White
Jan 10, 2024

What are benzoyl chloride’s primary uses?

Used in producing peroxides, dyes, and pharmaceuticals.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 10, 2024

What is benzoyl chloride?

It's an acyl chloride derivative used in various chemical reactions.
Huma Saeed
Jan 10, 2024

What is the state of benzoyl chloride at room temperature?

It's a colorless, fuming liquid.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 10, 2024

What is benzyl chloride?

It's a chlorinated hydrocarbon used in organic synthesis.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 10, 2024

Can benzyl chloride be mixed with water?

It's less dense than water and reacts with it.
Harlon Moss
Jan 10, 2024

How does benzoyl chloride react with water?

It reacts vigorously and should be kept away from water.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 10, 2024

What are the safety concerns with benzoyl chloride?

It's highly reactive and corrosive, causing severe burns.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 10, 2024

How is benzyl chloride synthesized?

It's produced from toluene through chlorination.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 10, 2024

Can benzyl chloride be used in pharmaceuticals?

Yes, as an intermediate in various drug syntheses.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 10, 2024

Is benzoyl chloride used in medication production?

It's used in synthesizing certain pharmaceutical compounds.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 10, 2024

Is benzyl chloride a liquid or solid?

It's a colorless liquid.
Janet White
Jan 10, 2024

What is the synthesis method for benzoyl chloride?

Typically made by treating benzaldehyde with chlorine.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 10, 2024

What is the odor of benzyl chloride?

It has a distinct, pungent odor.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 10, 2024

Describe the smell of benzoyl chloride.

It has a sharp, irritating smell.
Janet White
Jan 10, 2024

Can benzyl chloride be used in dye manufacturing?

Yes, it's an important intermediate in dye production.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 10, 2024

Is benzyl chloride hazardous?

Yes, it's a skin irritant and lachrymator.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 10, 2024

What reactions does benzyl chloride undergo?

It undergoes nucleophilic substitution reactions.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 10, 2024

What type of reactions is benzoyl chloride involved in?

Mainly in acylation reactions due to its reactivity.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 10, 2024
About Author
Written by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

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