Assume vs. Presume

Main Difference

The main difference between assume and presume is in their meaning. Assume means to make a guess which is based on little or no evidence, whereas the verb presumes means to make a rational guess which is based on some evidence.

Assume vs. Presume — Is There a Difference?
ADVERTISEMENT

Difference Between Assume and Presume

Assume vs. Presume

The meaning of assume is to suppose or to undertake whereas the meaning of presume is to dare, to suppose, or to take for granted.

Assume vs. Presume

To assume means to make a guess which is based on little or no evidence on the flip side to presume means to make a rational guess which is based on some evidence.

Assume vs. Presume

The assumption is irrational conversely presumption is somehow rational.

Assume vs. Presume

The assumption is a loose guess with no evidence from the situation; on the other hand, the presumption is a strong or informed guess with evidence from the situation.

Assume vs. Presume

Assume derives from the Latin word sumere, which has the meaning “to take or to adopt while the word presumes also originates from the Latin verb sumere which has the meaning “to take upon, to take the liberty, to take for granted.

Assume vs. Presume

The degree of probability in the verb ‘assume’ is less; on the contrary, the degree of probability in the verb ‘presume’ is more.

ADVERTISEMENT

Assumeverb

to authenticate by means of belief; to surmise; to suppose to be true, especially without proof

We assume that, as her parents were dentists, she knows quite a bit about dentistry.

Presumeverb

(transitive) With infinitive object: to be so presumptuous as (to do something) without proper authority or permission.

I wouldn't presume to tell him how to do his job.

Assumeverb

to take on a position, duty or form

Mr. Jones will assume the position of a lifeguard until a proper replacement is found.

Presumeverb

To perform, do (something) without authority; to lay claim to without permission.

Don't make the decision yourself and presume too much.

Assumeverb

to adopt a feigned quality or manner

Presumeverb

(transitive) To assume or suggest to be true (without proof); to take for granted, to suppose.

Paw-prints in the snow presume a visit from next door's cat.Dr. Livingstone, I presume?
ADVERTISEMENT

Assumeverb

to receive, adopt

Presumeverb

(intransitive) To be presumptuous; with on, upon, to take advantage (of), to take liberties (with).

Assumeverb

to adopt an idea or cause

Presumeverb

take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof;

I assume his train was late

Assumeverb

take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof;

I assume his train was late

Presumeverb

take upon oneself; act presumptuously, without permission;

How dare you call my lawyer?

Assumeverb

take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilities;

When will the new President assume office?

Presumeverb

constitute reasonable evidence for;

A restaurant bill presumes the consumption of food

Assumeverb

take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect;

His voice took on a sad toneThe story took a new turnhe adopted an air of superiorityShe assumed strange mannersThe gods assume human or animal form in these fables

Presumeverb

take liberties or act with too much confidence

Assumeverb

take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person;

I'll accept the chargesShe agreed to bear the responsibility

Assumeverb

occupy or take on;

He assumes the lotus positionShe took her seat on the stageWe took our seats in the orchestraShe took up her position behind the treestrike a pose

Assumeverb

seize and take control without authority and possibly with force; take as one's right or possession;

He assumed to himself the right to fill all positions in the townhe usurped my rightsShe seized control of the throne after her husband died

Assumeverb

make a pretence of;

She assumed indifference, even though she was seething with angerhe feigned sleep

Assumeverb

Christianity, obsolete; take up someone's soul into heaven;

This is the day when May was assumed into heaven

Assumeverb

put clothing on one's body;

What should I wear today?He put on his best suit for the weddingThe princess donned a long blue dressThe queen assumed the stately robesHe got into his jeans

Comparison Chart

AssumePresume
A verb that means to suppose or to undertake. It also means to take for granted or to take uponA verb that means to dare, to suppose, or to take for granted
Degree of Probability
LessMore
Origin
Latin word sumere which has the meaning “to take or to adopt”Latin verb sumere which has the meaning “to take upon, to take the liberty, to take for granted
Examples
I assume that this is the natural color of your eyesI presume you are exhausted after such a hectic routine
Prefix
-as-pre

Assume vs. Presume

Assume and presume are verbs. The meaning of assume is to suppose or to undertake. It also means to take for granted or to take upon. The meaning of presume is to dare, to suppose, or to take for granted. The difference between assume and presume is in the degree of their certainty. Assume means to make a guess which is based on little or no evidence. It is irrational. However, to presume means to make a rational guess, which is based on some evidence.

The assumption is a loose guess with no evidence from the situation. The presumption is a strong or informed guess with pieces of evidence from the situation. There is a difference in the degree of probability between both words. The degree of probability in the verb assume is less. The degree of probability in the verb presume is more.

The words ‘assume’ and ‘presume’ originates from the same root. Assume derives from the Latin word summer, which has the meaning “to take or to adopt.” The word presumes also originates from the Latin verb summer, which has the meaning “to take upon, to take the liberty, to take for granted. The words assume and presume are, sometimes, interchangeable. For example, I assume I can get my reputation back if I go to that event. I presume I can get my reputation back if I go to that event.

The difference between assume and presume can also be kept in mind by the “pre” in presume. Both the words are spelled the same, but their prefix is different. In general, both the words assume and presume have their existence, meaning, and usage.

What is Assume?

The meaning of assume is to suppose or to undertake something. It also means to take for granted or to take upon. Assume means to make a guess which is based on little or no proof/evidence. It is irrational. If someone says that he assumes a certain thing then t means that he has no idea if his assumption is true or false. It is something close to the intuitions or related to it. However, assumptions can also be true in many cases.

In the parts of speech, assume falls into the degree of the verb. It is a task that someone does. Assume is also used while someone is making a debate. For example, “Assuming you are correct, why should I do that? The assumption is a loose guess, with no evidence from the situation. It just depends on the will of a person and what he wants from a particular situation/condition. The degree of probability in the verb assume is less.

As far as its etymology is concerned, assume derives from the Latin word sumere, which has the meaning “to take or to adopt.” Sometimes, assume is also synonymous with its counterpart presume.

Examples

  • I assume that this is the natural color of your eyes.
  • I assume you have made these cheese sandwiches.
  • Clark assumed the dress she was going to wear on her birthday next year.

What is Presume?

The meaning of presume is to dare, to suppose, or to take for granted. In the parts of speech, presume falls into the category of a verb. To presume means to make a rational guess, which is based on some evidence. Presume needs proof or evidence. It always has proof as to its basis. Presume is also sometimes synonymous with its counterpart assume. The presumption is a strong or informed guess with pieces of evidence from the situation. The degree of probability in the verb presume is high.

The origin of presume dates back to the Latin verb sumere, which has the meaning “to take upon, to take the liberty, to take for granted. To presume also means “to act without permission, to undertake with boldness.” Presume has a different meaning in the context of the law. It refers to the acceptance of something as true because the proof of its falsity is not presented in court.

Examples

  • I presume you are exhausted after such a hectic routine.
  • I was going with my friends somewhere, and we saw a bus accident. It was so intense that we presumed many severe injuries.
  • “I can find my lost wallet if I go to the mall again,” he presumed.
Conclusion

Assume and presume are two different words. Both are different in their use, meaning, and existence.