Difference Wiki

Arbitration vs. Adjudication: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sara Rehman || Published on November 29, 2023
Arbitration is a private dispute resolution process with an arbitrator's decision, while adjudication involves a legal process leading to a judge's decision.

Key Differences

Arbitration involves disputing parties choosing an arbitrator to resolve their conflict outside the court system. Adjudication, conversely, is a formal legal process where a judge or tribunal makes a binding decision.
Sara Rehman
Nov 29, 2023
The arbitration process is typically less formal and can be quicker than adjudication. While, in adjudication, the process follows legal procedures and may take more time due to court schedules and formalities.
Huma Saeed
Nov 29, 2023
Decisions in arbitration are usually final and have limited grounds for appeal. Adjudication decisions, however, can often be appealed to a higher court for review.
Huma Saeed
Nov 29, 2023
Arbitration allows parties to select an expert in the relevant field as their arbitrator. On the other hand, adjudication is conducted by legally appointed judges who may not have specific expertise in the disputed subject matter.
Sara Rehman
Nov 29, 2023
Arbitration proceedings are confidential, with details typically not disclosed publicly. Adjudication, in most cases, results in public records and judgments.
Sara Rehman
Nov 29, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Setting

Private dispute resolution
Formal legal process
Sara Rehman
Nov 29, 2023

Decision Maker

Chosen arbitrator
Judge or legal tribunal
Sara Rehman
Nov 29, 2023

Formality

Less formal, flexible
Formal legal procedures
Huma Saeed
Nov 29, 2023

Appealability

Limited appeal options
Decisions can be appealed
Sara Rehman
Nov 29, 2023

Confidentiality

Usually confidential
Public record and judgment
Aimie Carlson
Nov 29, 2023
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Arbitration and Adjudication Definitions

Arbitration

Arbitration involves a neutral third party making a binding decision.
Arbitration resolved the employment dispute swiftly and confidentially.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 14, 2023

Adjudication

Adjudication follows formal legal procedures and court rules.
Through adjudication, both parties presented their case following legal protocols.
Huma Saeed
Nov 14, 2023

Arbitration

A less formal alternative to litigation for resolving disputes.
They chose arbitration for its cost-effectiveness and speed.
Janet White
Nov 14, 2023

Adjudication

A legal process where a judge or tribunal decides a dispute.
The contract breach was taken to adjudication for a formal legal decision.
Harlon Moss
Nov 14, 2023

Arbitration

Arbitration decisions are generally final and enforceable.
The arbitration ruling on the financial dispute was accepted without appeal.
Sara Rehman
Nov 14, 2023

Adjudication

It involves a legally appointed judge making a binding judgment.
The judge’s ruling in the adjudication was based on legal precedents.
Sara Rehman
Nov 14, 2023

Arbitration

A private process where an arbitrator resolves disputes outside of court.
The contract dispute was settled through arbitration to avoid a lengthy trial.
Sara Rehman
Nov 14, 2023

Adjudication

Decisions in adjudication can typically be appealed.
The adjudication outcome was appealed to a higher court.
Janet White
Nov 14, 2023

Arbitration

Parties in arbitration can agree on their arbitrator's qualifications.
In their arbitration, an expert in commercial law was chosen as the arbitrator.
Harlon Moss
Nov 14, 2023

Adjudication

Adjudication results are public records, offering transparency.
The adjudication judgment was published as a matter of public record.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 14, 2023

Arbitration

The process by which the parties to a dispute submit their differences to the judgment of an impartial person or group appointed by mutual consent or statutory provision.
Sara Rehman
Nov 13, 2023

Adjudication

To make a decision (in a legal case or proceeding), as where a judge or arbitrator rules on some disputed issue or claim between the parties.
Sara Rehman
Nov 13, 2023

Arbitration

The act or process of arbitrating.
Sara Rehman
Nov 13, 2023

Adjudication

To study and settle (a dispute or conflict)
The principal adjudicated the students' quarrel.
Sara Rehman
Nov 13, 2023

Arbitration

A process through which two or more parties use an arbitrator or arbiter in order to resolve a dispute.
Sara Rehman
Nov 13, 2023

Adjudication

To act as a judge of (a contest or an aspect of a contest).
Sara Rehman
Nov 13, 2023

Arbitration

In general, a form of justice where both parties designate a person whose ruling they will accept formally. More specifically in Market Anarchist (market anarchy) theory, arbitration designates the process by which two agencies pre-negotiate a set of common rules in anticipation of cases where a customer from each agency is involved in a dispute.
Sara Rehman
Nov 13, 2023

Arbitration

The hearing and determination of a cause between parties in controversy, by a person or persons chosen by the parties.
Sara Rehman
Nov 13, 2023

Arbitration

(law) the hearing and determination of a dispute by an impartial referee agreed to by both parties (often used to settle disputes between labor and management)
Sara Rehman
Nov 13, 2023

Arbitration

The act of deciding as an arbiter; giving authoritative judgment;
They submitted their disagreement to arbitration
Sara Rehman
Nov 13, 2023

FAQs

What is arbitration?

A private process for resolving disputes with an arbitrator's decision.
Sara Rehman
Nov 29, 2023

Can arbitration be less expensive than adjudication?

Often, due to its less formal nature and quicker resolution.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 29, 2023

How is arbitration different from court trials?

It's less formal, often faster, and the proceedings are confidential.
Sara Rehman
Nov 29, 2023

What is adjudication?

A formal legal process where a judge or tribunal decides a dispute.
Huma Saeed
Nov 29, 2023

Are adjudication processes public?

Yes, they are part of the public legal system and records.
Janet White
Nov 29, 2023

Is confidentiality maintained in arbitration?

Yes, arbitration proceedings and decisions are usually confidential.
Harlon Moss
Nov 29, 2023

Is expertise a factor in choosing arbitration?

Yes, parties often prefer arbitrators with specific expertise.
Janet White
Nov 29, 2023

Can adjudication decisions be appealed?

Yes, they can typically be appealed to a higher court.
Harlon Moss
Nov 29, 2023

Is arbitration binding?

Yes, arbitration decisions are generally binding and enforceable.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 29, 2023

Who can be an arbitrator?

An expert in the relevant field chosen by the disputing parties.
Janet White
Nov 29, 2023

Can arbitration be used for any legal dispute?

Not all disputes are suitable for arbitration, like certain criminal cases.
Harlon Moss
Nov 29, 2023

What kind of transparency is offered in adjudication?

Its decisions and processes are public, providing legal transparency.
Sara Rehman
Nov 29, 2023

Who decides cases in adjudication?

A legally appointed judge or legal tribunal.
Janet White
Nov 29, 2023

What types of disputes are suitable for arbitration?

Commercial, employment, and some types of family disputes.
Sara Rehman
Nov 29, 2023

How long does arbitration take compared to adjudication?

Arbitration is often quicker than the formal adjudication process.
Janet White
Nov 29, 2023

Does adjudication offer a more formal resolution process?

Yes, it follows formal legal procedures and court rules.
Sara Rehman
Nov 29, 2023

Are adjudication judgments based on legal precedents?

Yes, they are based on legal standards and precedents.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 29, 2023

Can arbitration decisions be enforced legally?

Yes, they are legally enforceable like court judgments.
Sara Rehman
Nov 29, 2023

Can anyone opt for adjudication?

It's typically used for legal disputes requiring formal resolution.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 29, 2023

What happens if a party disagrees with an arbitration decision?

Options to appeal are limited compared to adjudication.
Sara Rehman
Nov 29, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sara Rehman
Sara Rehman is a seasoned writer and editor with extensive experience at Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Information Technology, she combines her academic prowess with her passion for writing to deliver insightful and well-researched content.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

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