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Aquaculture vs. Pisciculture: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Harlon Moss || Published on December 12, 2023
Aquaculture is the cultivation of aquatic organisms like fish, crustaceans, mollusks, and aquatic plants, while pisciculture specifically refers to the breeding and rearing of fish.

Key Differences

Aquaculture encompasses the broad practice of cultivating aquatic plants and animals, including fish, shellfish, and seaweed. While, pisciculture, a subset of aquaculture, focuses exclusively on the breeding and raising of fish.
Aquaculture practices can occur in various environments, such as freshwater, brackish water, and marine settings. Whereas, pisciculture typically pertains to freshwater fish farming but can also include marine species.
The goal of aquaculture is to produce a variety of aquatic products for consumption, industrial use, or aquarium trade. However, pisciculture aims to enhance fish populations for commercial sale, recreational fishing, or conservation.
Techniques in aquaculture range from open ocean cages to controlled tank systems, accommodating diverse species. Pisciculture often involves hatcheries and fish farms focused on specific fish species.
Aquaculture contributes significantly to global food security and economic growth, while pisciculture supports fisheries, recreational fishing, and species conservation.

Comparison Chart

Scope of Cultivation

Cultivates a wide range of aquatic organisms
Specifically focused on breeding and rearing fish

Environmental Settings

Freshwater, brackish, marine
Mainly freshwater, but can include marine


Food production, industrial use, aquarium trade
Commercial, recreational, conservation purposes

Cultivation Techniques

Varied techniques for different species
Techniques tailored to fish breeding and rearing

Economic Impact

Broad impact on global food security and economy
Supports fisheries, recreational fishing, conservation

Aquaculture and Pisciculture Definitions


Aquaculture is the farming of aquatic organisms including fish, crustaceans, and plants.
Shrimp farming is a lucrative sector within aquaculture.


Pisciculture includes both extensive and intensive farming methods.
Extensive pisciculture relies on natural food sources for fish growth.


Aquaculture involves cultivating marine and freshwater species in controlled environments.
Seaweed cultivation is an important part of aquaculture.


Pisciculture is the controlled breeding and rearing of fish.
Trout pisciculture is popular in mountainous regions.


Aquaculture includes both intensive and extensive farming practices.
Intensive aquaculture systems use high-tech equipment to maximize yield.


Pisciculture focuses on increasing fish populations for commercial and recreational purposes.
Pisciculture supports local fisheries by providing stock.


Aquaculture contributes to environmental conservation through habitat restoration.
Aquaculture projects often include mangrove restoration.


Pisciculture often involves hatchery operations to produce fingerlings.
Fish hatcheries are a critical component of pisciculture.


Aquaculture aims to produce seafood sustainably to meet global demand.
Aquaculture is essential for supplying sustainable fish to the market.


Pisciculture can enhance depleted fish stocks in natural water bodies.
Pisciculture contributes to the replenishment of river fish populations.


The cultivation of marine or freshwater organisms, especially food fish or shellfish such as salmon or oysters, under controlled conditions. Also called aquafarming.


The breeding, hatching, and rearing of fish under controlled conditions.


The cultivation of aquatic produce such as aquatic plants, fish, and other aquatic animals.


The rearing or cultivation of fish.


The cultivation of aquatic animals, such as fish or shellfish, or of plants, such as seaweed, in a controlled and sometimes enclosed body of water. The term includes use of either salt or fresh water. It is a form of agriculture, but under water.


Fish culture. See under Fish.


Rearing aquatic animals or cultivating aquatic plants for food


How does aquaculture benefit the economy?

Aquaculture contributes to global food security and economic growth.

What is pisciculture?

Pisciculture is the breeding and rearing of fish.

What are the goals of pisciculture?

Pisciculture aims to produce fish for commercial sale, recreation, and conservation.

Can pisciculture help in species conservation?

Yes, pisciculture can play a role in conserving endangered fish species.

Can aquaculture include seaweed farming?

Yes, seaweed farming is an integral part of aquaculture.

How does pisciculture impact local ecosystems?

Pisciculture can impact local ecosystems, both positively and negatively, depending on the practices used.

Is pisciculture only practiced in freshwater?

While mainly in freshwater, pisciculture can also include marine species.

Are there environmental concerns with aquaculture?

Yes, concerns include habitat destruction, pollution, and disease spread.

What types of aquatic organisms does aquaculture cover?

Aquaculture covers fish, crustaceans, mollusks, and aquatic plants.

Do pisciculture practices vary regionally?

Yes, pisciculture techniques can vary based on local environmental conditions and species.

Is aquaculture sustainable?

Aquaculture can be sustainable if practiced responsibly, with consideration for the environment.

Can pisciculture improve local fisheries?

Yes, pisciculture can enhance local fishery stocks and boost productivity.

What is aquaculture?

Aquaculture is the cultivation of aquatic organisms such as fish, crustaceans, and aquatic plants.

Are there organic practices in pisciculture?

Yes, organic pisciculture focuses on natural growth and feed methods.

Can pisciculture be done in artificial ponds?

Yes, artificial ponds are a common setup for pisciculture.

Are aquaponics and aquaculture the same?

No, aquaponics combines aquaculture with hydroponics, whereas aquaculture is solely about cultivating aquatic organisms.

How does aquaculture contribute to food security?

Aquaculture provides a significant and growing source of seafood to meet global demand.

What are common aquaculture species?

Common species include salmon, shrimp, tilapia, and catfish.

What types of fish are commonly raised in pisciculture?

Common pisciculture fish include trout, carp, catfish, and salmon.

Does aquaculture require advanced technology?

Advanced technology can be used in intensive aquaculture systems, but many methods are simple.
About Author
Written by
Harlon Moss
Harlon is a seasoned quality moderator and accomplished content writer for Difference Wiki. An alumnus of the prestigious University of California, he earned his degree in Computer Science. Leveraging his academic background, Harlon brings a meticulous and informed perspective to his work, ensuring content accuracy and excellence.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

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