Difference Between Wheat and Barley

Main Difference

Cereals are taken as the important part of human diet across the globe, with their easy storage and carbohydrate presence they are produced across the globe. Cereals are also the staple food, and it have many products under it, depending on yourself what you opt to eat. Actually cereals are the grass that are cultivated for its edible components. Wheat and Barley are two types of commonly consumed cereals across the globe, they are also considered as staple foods. Both of these cereals belong to the similar order, family and tribe and that is why people often get confuse in between them. The most notable difference between these crops is that wheat is a Triticum genus cereal, and barley is a Hordeum genus crop.

Comparison Chart

WheatBarley
Wheat is a Triticum genus crop.Barley is a Hordeum genus crop.
Scientific Name
Triticum aestivumHordeum vulgare
Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae and Order: Poales

Family: Poaceae and Subfamily: Pooideae

Tribe: Triticeae and Genus: Triticuma

Kingdom: Plantae and Order: Poales

Family: Poaceae and Subfamily: Pooideae

Tribe: Triticeae and Genus: Hordeum

Usage
Wheat is used for making biscuits, breads, cookies, pasta, noodles, Chappati and other breakfast cereals.Barley is used as one of the basic ingredients used for formation of beer and other alcoholic beverages and is also used as livestock fodder largely.
Harvested
Wheat is harvested in the summer months.Barley is harvested in the warmer season.

What is Wheat?

Wheat is a type of cereal grain which was primarily being cultivated in Levant region but now it is being cultivated across the globe. It is one of the most produced cereals worldwide after maize and rice. Around some years back rice were the second most produced cereals after maize but the increase in rice production made it move to the third most produced cereal grain. Wheat is also regarded as one of the staple foods that is because it is the leading source of vegetal protein in human food. It possess higher proteins than the other largely produced cereal grains like maize and rice. When it is about the human usage of crops as food, wheat is the second most consumed cereal grain after rice. Some of the famous types of wheat harvested are, hard red wheat, soft red wheat, and, durum wheat. Wheat thrives best in the cool weather and when it is ready to be harvested it turns of brown or golden hue. For cooking or baking purposes, wheat is being mulled. In the mulled form or as a flour wheat is used for making biscuits, breads, cookies, pasta, noodles, Chappati and other breakfast cereals. Wheat is a prominent source of vitamins, protein, and minerals and that is why it is a staple food.

What is Barley?

Barley is a type of cereal grain that is taken as a procure cereals and is also used as livestock fodder largely. Other than that the most prominent usage of barley is that it is used as one of the basic ingredients used for formation of beer and other alcoholic beverages. Barley has a stronger taste than the wheat that is why it is preferred over the latter when it is about using it as a primary ingredient for using it in alcoholic beverages. It has a lower protein content as compare to the wheat and has a higher fiber content than the wheat. Barley doesn’t need to be milled for cooking or baking purpose like wheat it can be easily cooked as rice. It is highly recommended for the one suffering from lower bad (LDL) cholesterol or the one wanting to lose the weight. Other than that it is also seen as an essential diet for the diabetic patients.

Key Differences

  1. Wheat is a Triticum genus cereal, and barley is a Hordeum genus crop.
  2. In the mulled form or as a flour, wheat is used for making biscuits, breads, cookies, pasta, noodles, Chappati and other breakfast cereals, whereas barley is used as one of the basic ingredients used for formation of beer and other alcoholic beverages and is also used as livestock fodder largely.
  3. Barley doesn’t need to be milled for cooking or baking purpose like wheat it can be easily cooked as rice.
  4. Barley has a lower protein content as compare to the wheat and has a higher fiber content than the wheat.
  5. Barley is harvested in the warmer season, on the other hand, wheat thrives in cooler seasons.

Comparison Video

YouTube video
Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson

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