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Swiss Cheese vs. Cheddar Cheese: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Janet White || Published on November 13, 2023
Swiss cheese is a mild, holey cheese known for its nutty flavor, while cheddar is denser, often sharper, and has no holes.

Key Differences

Swiss cheese is a pale, mild cheese originating from Switzerland, known for its signature holes, or 'eyes,' caused by carbon dioxide bubbles during fermentation. Cheddar cheese comes from the English village of Cheddar and is known for its firm texture and sharp taste, which becomes more pronounced with age. Both cheeses are staples in culinary traditions but have distinct taste profiles and textures, with Swiss being smoother and nuttier, and Cheddar being richer and sometimes tangy.
Swiss cheese is often preferred in sandwiches and as a melting cheese due to its milder flavor and superb melting qualities. Cheddar cheese is versatile in its use, from fresh eating to baking, and offers a range of flavors from mild to extra sharp, depending on the duration of aging. Both cheeses are excellent sources of calcium and protein, but their flavors and uses in recipes are quite different.
The production process of Swiss cheese involves bacteria that release carbon dioxide gas, forming the characteristic holes. Cheddar cheese is produced by a process called cheddaring, which involves stacking the curds to drain the whey and then milling and salting them, resulting in a denser texture. These processes are responsible for the textural differences between the creamy, soft Swiss and the more crumbly and sometimes crystalline Cheddar.
In terms of nutrition, Swiss cheese tends to have fewer calories and less fat than Cheddar cheese. However, Cheddar often contains more protein and calcium per serving. Both types of cheese can be part of a healthy diet but should be consumed in moderation due to their fat content and high sodium levels.
When pairing with wines, Swiss cheese matches well with light white wines or fruity reds, complementing its mild, nutty flavor. In contrast, Cheddar cheese, especially aged varieties, pairs beautifully with full-bodied wines, such as Cabernet Sauvignon, which can stand up to its strong flavor profile. The selection of cheese can greatly affect the taste experience of the pairing.

Comparison Chart


English village of Cheddar


Creamy, holey
Firm, crumbly


Mild, nutty
Sharp, tangy

Aging Process

Few months
Up to several years

Culinary Uses

Melting, sandwiches
Eating fresh, baking

Swiss Cheese and Cheddar Cheese Definitions

Swiss Cheese

Often used melted in cooking due to its smooth texture.
Swiss cheese fondue is my favorite winter dish.

Cheddar Cheese

Known for its richness and sometimes nutty flavor.
A slice of Cheddar cheese is great for a quick snack.

Swiss Cheese

A holey cheese from Switzerland, mild and nutty.
I layered slices of Swiss cheese in my sandwich.

Cheddar Cheese

Has a smooth or crumbly texture based on its age.
The cheddar cheese crumbled perfectly over my chili.

Swiss Cheese

Has a semi-hard consistency and is pale yellow.
I topped my burger with a thick cut of Swiss cheese.

Cheddar Cheese

Can be white or orange, with the latter colored using annatto.
I used orange Cheddar cheese to add color to my sandwich.

Swiss Cheese

Characterized by its distinctive eyes, which are created during fermentation.
The larger the eyes in Swiss cheese, the more pronounced the flavor.

Cheddar Cheese

Ages from a few months to several years, increasing in sharpness.
I prefer an aged Cheddar cheese for my cheese platters.

Swiss Cheese

Generally lower in fat than many other cheeses.
For a healthier option, I choose Swiss cheese for my salads.

Cheddar Cheese

A dense, often sharp-tasting cheese from England.
Cheddar cheese adds a bold flavor to macaroni and cheese.


Does Cheddar cheese have holes like Swiss cheese?

No, Cheddar cheese typically does not have holes; it is dense and sometimes crumbly.

What are the origins of Swiss cheese?

Swiss cheese originated in Switzerland and is famous for its holes formed by gas bubbles during fermentation.

How is Cheddar cheese made?

Cheddar cheese is made through a process called cheddaring which involves stacking, turning, and pressing the curds.

What type of wine pairs well with Swiss cheese?

Light white or fruity red wines pair well with its mild flavor.

What is the taste of Swiss cheese like?

Swiss cheese has a mild, slightly sweet, and nutty flavor.

Can both Swiss and Cheddar cheese be used in cooking?

Yes, both can be used in cooking, but Swiss is better for melting, while Cheddar offers a sharper flavor.

What are the nutritional differences between Swiss and Cheddar cheese?

Swiss cheese generally has fewer calories and fat, while Cheddar has more protein and calcium.

Why is some Cheddar cheese orange?

It's colored with annatto to give it a distinctive hue.

Is white or orange Cheddar cheese more authentic?

Both are authentic; the color difference is simply due to the addition of annatto.

Is Swiss cheese always from Switzerland?

Not necessarily; "Swiss cheese" refers to the style, but authentic versions are from Switzerland.

Are Swiss and Cheddar cheese suitable for lactose-intolerant individuals?

They contain less lactose than softer cheeses and may be tolerable in small amounts.

What is the best way to store Swiss cheese?

Keep it wrapped in cheese paper or wax paper in the refrigerator.

How long can Swiss cheese be aged?

Swiss cheese is usually aged for a few months.

What does the term "sharp" mean in relation to Cheddar cheese?

"Sharp" refers to the intense, tangy flavor developed through longer aging.

What's a good substitute for Cheddar cheese in recipes?

Depending on the recipe, Colby or Monterey Jack can be used.

Can Swiss cheese be eaten raw?

Absolutely, it's delicious as part of a cheese platter or sandwich.

What dishes are Swiss cheese commonly used in?

It's popular in sandwiches, fondues, and quiches.

Why does the flavor of Cheddar cheese vary?

The flavor changes depending on the length and conditions of the aging process.

Can Cheddar cheese be used on pizza?

Yes, though it's less traditional than mozzarella, it adds a sharper flavor.

Does Swiss cheese melt well?

Yes, it's known for its excellent melting qualities.
About Author
Written by
Janet White
Janet White has been an esteemed writer and blogger for Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Science and Medical Journalism from the prestigious Boston University, she has consistently demonstrated her expertise and passion for her field. When she's not immersed in her work, Janet relishes her time exercising, delving into a good book, and cherishing moments with friends and family.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

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