Difference Between Static Routing vs. Dynamic Routing

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Main Difference

The difference between static routing and dynamic routing is that in static routing routers are configured manually whereas in dynamic routing the routing routers are configured automatically.

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Static Routing vs. Dynamic Routing

There are many routing algorithms in networking; the classification is based on the building and modification of routing tables. There are two routing algorithms that are static routing and dynamic routing. In static routing, routers are configured manually whereas in dynamic routing the routing routers are configured automatically. Most of the people like to use dynamic routing in place of static routing as there are many issues in static routing one of the main issues are that link fails the system sometimes to connect whereas many such problems are overcome in dynamic routing. Routing is one of the most important concepts in networking as it the process of transferring the packets from one network to other. The router in routing system plays a very important in networking as it has destination device address, it knows neighbor routers for learning about remote networks, it possible routes to all remote networks. Dynamic routing the routing routers are configured automatically. Dynamic routing alters the routing information according to the altering network circumstances by routing the update messages. When the network is changed in dynamic routing, the update message is displayed. This message pervades the network that enables the router to change their routing tables. The changes made in dynamic routing is automatic as there is no need to set the router manually. Extra resources are required for the dynamic routing. In static routing, routers are configured manually. No change is made in routing table unless the network administrator changes router manually. When the traffic is manually predictable, we can use static routing. The big advantages of static routing are that it is very easy to implement as compared to dynamic routing. There is a need of complex routing protocols in dynamic routing that are not needed in dynamic routing. Static routing systems can not react to network changes that are why routing decisions are not made by current topology. The changes made in static routing are very easy to understand, and you can make changes easily. But static routing is considered to be inappropriate for large changing networks. Static routing is non-adaptive routing that enables pre-computed route. Dynamic routing is also known as adaptive routing. Changes are made in routing in dynamic routing to change topology. Dynamic routes are the routes on which dynamic routing is done. There is always a slack between the period that a network changes and when all network changes that time is known convergence time. That time must be shorter.

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Comparison Chart

BasisStatic RoutingDynamic Routing
MeaningIn static routing, routers are configured manuallyIn dynamic routing, the routing routers are configured automatically.
Routing tableThe routing table is hand typed.The routing table is automatically typed.
ImplementedStatic routing is implemented in small networksDynamic routing is implemented in large networks
SecurityDynamic routing is implemented in large networksDynamic routing provide less security

What is Static Routing?

In static routing, routers are configured manually. No change is made in routing table unless the network administrator changes router manually. When the traffic is manually predictable, we can use static routing. The big advantages of static routing are that it is very easy to implement as compared to dynamic routing. There is a need of complex routing protocols in dynamic routing that are not needed in dynamic routing. Static routing systems can not react to network changes that are why routing decisions are not made by current topology. The changes made in static routing are very easy to understand and you can be make changes easily. But static routing is considered to be inappropriate for large changing networks. Static routing is non-adaptive routing that enables pre-computed route.

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What is Dynamic Routing?

Dynamic routing the routing routers are configured automatically. Dynamic routing alters the routing information according to the altering network circumstances by routing the update messages. When the network is changed in dynamic routing, the update message is displayed. This message pervades the network that enables the router to change their routing tables. The changes made in dynamic routing is automatic as there is no need to set the router manually. Extra resources are required for the dynamic routing. Dynamic routing is also known as adaptive routing. Changes are made in routing in dynamic routing to change topology. Dynamic routes are the routes on which dynamic routing is done. There is always a slack between the period that a network changes and when all network changes that time is known convergence time. That time must be shorter.

Key Differences

  1. In static routing, routers are configured manually whereas in dynamic routing the routing routers are configured automatically.
  2. The routing table is hand typed whereas routing table is automatically typed.
  3. Static routing is implemented in small networks whereas dynamic routing is implemented in large networks.
  4. Dynamic routing is implemented in large networks whereas dynamic routing provide less security

Comparison Video