Difference Between Share and Stock


Main Difference

The main difference between Share and Stock is that Shares mean ownership in a particular company, and Stock means ownership in any company, in general

Share vs. Stock

Shares are the compact or smallest unit by which the ownership of any company or anybody ascertained, whereas stocks are the collection of shares of multiple companies or are a collection of shares of a single company. Shares are associated with something bigger, i.e., the stocks. And the stock is a collection of something or a collection of shares. Stock is a simple collection of shares in a company while shares represent the proportion of ownership in the company. Share is a micro concept, and stock is a macro concept. When we say share, we mean a particular company. But when we say stock, we cannot specify a particular investment.


Comparison Chart

The capital of a company divided into small units, which are commonly known as shares.The conversion of the fully paid-up shares of a member into a single fund is known as stock.
Payable Value
Shares can be partially or fully payable.Stock can only be entirely payable.
Fractional Transfer
Not possible.Possible
Two diverse stocks of a company may or may not be having equal value.Two diverse shares of a company have equal or some value.
Definite Number
A share has a certain number known as a distinctive number.Stock does not have such a number.
Nominal Value
Though, in stocks, there is no nominal value associated.There is some formal or nominal value associated with the share.
Possibility of Original Issue
How Much It is Preferred?
The priority is higher in terms of transfer as they can be infractions.The priority is lower in terms of transfer as they can’t be infractions.

What is Share?

Shares are parts or units of ownership interest in a company or financial asset that provide for an equal distribution in any profits, if any are declared, in the form of dividends. The two basic types of shares are ordinary or common shares and preferred shares. Tangible paper stock certificates have been replaced with a computer-based recording of stock shares, just as mutual fund shares recorded electronically. When establishing a company, owners may choose to issue ordinary stock or preferred stock. Most companies issue common stock. The stock may benefit shareholders with appreciation and dividends, making common stock riskier than preferred stock. The common stock also comes with voting rights, giving shareholders more control over the business. Also, certain common stock comes with pre-emptive rights, ensuring that shareholders may buy new shares and retain their percentage of ownership when the corporation issues new stock, in contrast, the preferred stock typically does not give appreciation in value or voting rights in the corporation. However, the stock normally has set payment criteria; a dividend that is paid out regularly, making the stock less risky than common stock. Also, the preferred stock often redeemed at a more effective price than common stock. Because preferred stock requires priority over common stock, if the business files for bankruptcy and pays its lenders, preferred shareholders receive payment before common shareholders. Authorized shares include the number of shares a company’s board of directors may issue. Issued shares include the number of shares that are given to shareholders and counted for purposes of ownership.

What is Stock?

A stock is a kind of security that implies proportionate ownership in the issuing corporation. This being the stockholder to that proportion of the company’s assets and earnings. Stocks are bought and sold prevalently on stock exchanges. However, there can be private sales as well and are the basis of nearly every portfolio. These transactions have to comply with government regulations which are meant to protect investors from fraudulent practices. Historically, they have exceeded most other investments over the long run. These investments purchased from most online stock brokers. Corporations release (sell) stock to raise funds to operate their businesses. The proprietor of stock (a shareholder) has now purchased a piece of the company and has a claim to a part of its assets and income or profit. That is to say; a shareholder is now an owner of the issuing company. Ownership determined by the number of shares a person owns relative to the number of outstanding shares.

There are two basic types of stock: common and preferred. Common stock usually allows the owner to vote at shareholders’ meetings and to receive dividends. Preferred stockholders normally do not have voting rights, though they have a higher claim on assets and earnings than the common stockholders. For example, holders of preferred stock receive dividends before common shareholders and have priority if a company goes bankrupt and liquidated. Companies can issue new shares when there is a need to raise additional cash.

Key Differences

  1. A share is that least part of the share capital of the company which highlights the ownership of the shareholder. On the other side, the bundle of shares of a member of a company collectively known as stock.
  2. A share has a distinct number known as a distinctive number which distinguishes it from other shares, but the stock does not have such number.
  3. Shares can never be transferred in the fraction. Conversely to stock, can be transferred in the fraction.
  4. The share is forever originally issued, whereas the original issue of Stock is not possible.
  5. Shares can be partly paid or fully paid. On the contrary, Stock is always fully paid.
  6. Shares have a formal value, but the stock does not have any formal value.


In this article, a throughout description provided, which emphasizes the difference between them. In short, it said that the tiny part of the company’s capital is share while the collection of shares held by a member is stock.