Regional Party vs. National Party
Percent Votes Required
Minimum Seats Required
Regional Party vs. National Party
The regional party is defined as a party, which cannot form the government on its own. Conversely, the national party is a party, which can form the government by securing a maximum number of seats on its own or by combination with other parties.
A regional party collaborates with other regional parties or extends support to a national party to form a government. In contrast, a national party can create a government independently or by collaboration with other parties. A regional party has its influence only in one or two states, whereas a national party has its influence in many states or regions in the state.
A regional party is considered as a recognized political party in less than four states. In contrast, a national party is a recognized political party in four or more than four states. A regional party deals with the problems arising in a specific region. Conversely, a national party deals with the problems of a nation.
A regional party has its influence over a limited region, which means that the impact of a regional party is limited. Conversely, the impact of a national party is enormous, which influences the whole country. A regional party promotes only regional and state interests. Conversely, a national party takes national as well as international issues into consideration.
A regional party owns a symbol specified for it in the state in which it is renowned. On the contrary, a national party possesses a high-class symbol reserved throughout the country.
What is the Regional Party?
A political party whose ideology is to focus on the development of a political or social system based on one or more regions only is called a regional party. The nationwide, normative, or economic benefits of a particular domain are authorized by a regional party.
Regional party is based on the ideology of regionalism, which is made up of three distinct elements, including movements requiring autonomy, the organization on a regional basis, and political decentralization. The area of domination of a regional party is limited, and its objectives are also confined to the specific state only.
A regional party promotes regional or state interests only. The voter base of a regional party is restricted to a specific region or state. The regional parties collectively constitute a government and visit states to implement their policies and plans.
Conditions to Constitute A Regional Party
- Occupy 6 % of the valid votes held in the states during the selections of the legislative assembly of the respective state
- Occupy 6 % of the valid votes held in the state at the general polls of the inferior house of parliament, i.e., Lok Sahba
- Acquire 3 % of the seats in the State Assembly at the general elections to the assembly of the respective state
- Acquire three seats in the legislative assembly
- Achieve one seat in the lower house of parliament for every 25 seats
- Obtain 8 % of the total valid votes in the state of general elections
What is the National Party?
A political party, which influences the whole country and deals with national and international problems, is called a national party. A national party is recognized in at least four states, and its symbol cannot be repeated or changed in any other state.
The national party is a social and democratic party having an impact in many states. It is recognized as a political party in a minimum of four and a maximum of more than four states. A national party is independent in its actions and is concerned with national issues and interests.
A national party is capable of forming the government on its own. A national party can also collaborate with other regional or national parties to constitute a government and implement their laws and policies. Most regional parties take a helping hand from national parties to constitute their government.
The national party takes part in elections organized all over the country. The strength and likeness of a national party keep changing from state to state over time. A national party can be more influential in one state and weaker in others depending upon the circumstances of the state and their dealings with the specific region.
Conditions to Constitute A National Party
- Conquer minimum 6 % valid votes in any four or more than four states
- Obtain a minimum of 4 seats in the lower house from any state
- Occupy a minimum of 2 % seats in the Lok Sahba
- Acknowledgment as a state party in a minimum of four states