Politics

Difference Between Regional Party and National Party

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Main Difference

The main difference between Regional Party and National Party is that the Regional Party deals with regional issues, whereas the National Party deals with national issues.

Regional Party vs. National Party

The regional party is defined as a party, which cannot form the government on its own. Conversely, the national party is a party, which can form the government by securing a maximum number of seats on its own or by combination with other parties.

A regional party collaborates with other regional parties or extends support to a national party to form a government. In contrast, a national party can create a government independently or by collaboration with other parties. A regional party has its influence only in one or two states, whereas a national party has its influence in many states or regions in the state.

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A regional party is considered as a recognized political party in less than four states. In contrast, a national party is a recognized political party in four or more than four states. A regional party deals with the problems arising in a specific region. Conversely, a national party deals with the problems of a nation.

A regional party has its influence over a limited region, which means that the impact of a regional party is limited. Conversely, the impact of a national party is enormous, which influences the whole country. A regional party promotes only regional and state interests. Conversely, a national party takes national as well as international issues into consideration.

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A regional party owns a symbol specified for it in the state in which it is renowned. On the contrary, a national party possesses a high-class symbol reserved throughout the country.

Comparison Chart

Regional PartyNational Party
A political party having its base in a particular region and has limited objectives is called a regional party.A political party, which encompasses over the entire nation, in terms of area of impact, is called a national party.
Symbol
Can be changed and repeated in other statesA permanent symbol that cannot be repeated in any other state
Influences
Specific region onlyWhole country
Power
In at least one or two statesIn at least four states
Aim
Promote regional interestsResolve national and international issues
Percent Votes Required
Minimum 6 % of total votes in State AssemblyMinimum 6 % of total votes in legislative assembly elections in four states
Minimum Seats Required
TwoFour
Government Formation
Combination with other parties or support from the national partyOn its own or combined with other parties
Examples
Trinamool Congress, AIADMK, DMK, etc.BJP, Congress, PTI, PMLN, etc.

What is the Regional Party?

A political party whose ideology is to focus on the development of a political or social system based on one or more regions only is called a regional party. The nationwide, normative, or economic benefits of a particular domain are authorized by a regional party.

Regional party is based on the ideology of regionalism, which is made up of three distinct elements, including movements requiring autonomy, the organization on a regional basis, and political decentralization. The area of domination of a regional party is limited, and its objectives are also confined to the specific state only.

A regional party promotes regional or state interests only. The voter base of a regional party is restricted to a specific region or state. The regional parties collectively constitute a government and visit states to implement their policies and plans.

Conditions to Constitute A Regional Party

  • Occupy 6 % of the valid votes held in the states during the selections of the legislative assembly of the respective state
  • Occupy 6 % of the valid votes held in the state at the general polls of the inferior house of parliament, i.e., Lok Sahba
  • Acquire 3 % of the seats in the State Assembly at the general elections to the assembly of the respective state
  • Acquire three seats in the legislative assembly
  • Achieve one seat in the lower house of parliament for every 25 seats
  • Obtain 8 % of the total valid votes in the state of general elections

What is the National Party?

A political party, which influences the whole country and deals with national and international problems, is called a national party. A national party is recognized in at least four states, and its symbol cannot be repeated or changed in any other state.

The national party is a social and democratic party having an impact in many states. It is recognized as a political party in a minimum of four and a maximum of more than four states. A national party is independent in its actions and is concerned with national issues and interests.

A national party is capable of forming the government on its own. A national party can also collaborate with other regional or national parties to constitute a government and implement their laws and policies. Most regional parties take a helping hand from national parties to constitute their government.

The national party takes part in elections organized all over the country. The strength and likeness of a national party keep changing from state to state over time. A national party can be more influential in one state and weaker in others depending upon the circumstances of the state and their dealings with the specific region.

Conditions to Constitute A National Party

  • Conquer minimum 6 % valid votes in any four or more than four states
  • Obtain a minimum of 4 seats in the lower house from any state
  • Occupy a minimum of 2 % seats in the Lok Sahba
  • Acknowledgment as a state party in a minimum of four states

Key Differences

  1. A regional party deals with regional problems only. On the other hand, a national party deals with national as well as international problems.
  2. A regional party promotes only the regional interests, while a national party considers the promotion of national as well as international interests.
  3. The regional parties seek power and autonomy for their state from national parties. Conversely, national parties provide the regional parties with limited regional interests so that it does not affect its sovereignty.
  4. A regional party’s symbol is recognized only in a specific state or region. Conversely, a national party’s symbol, is recognized all over the country.
  5. The symbol of a regional party is temporary, which can be changed and repeated in other states. On the contrary, the symbol of a national party is permanent, and it cannot be changed or repeated in any other state.
  6. A regional party seeks help from other regional parties or from a national party to constitute its government and implement its policies in a specific region. In contrast, a national party can constitute its government independently or through collaboration with other parties.
  7. A regional party is recognized in less than four states, whereas a national party is recognized in four or more states.

Conclusion

A political party, which promotes regional interests with limited objectives, is called a regional party. In contrast, a political party with its influence in the whole country and promotes national and international interests is called a national party.

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Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson