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Punjabi vs. Sindhi: What's the Difference?

By Harlon Moss & Janet White || Updated on May 22, 2024
Punjabi refers to the language and culture of the Punjab region, primarily in India and Pakistan, while Sindhi pertains to the language and culture of the Sindh region in Pakistan. Both languages have unique scripts and cultural identities.

Key Differences

Punjabi is primarily spoken in the Punjab region of India and Pakistan. It uses the Gurmukhi script in India and the Shahmukhi script in Pakistan. Sindhi, on the other hand, is spoken in the Sindh region of Pakistan and uses the Arabic script, though it also has a unique Perso-Arabic script for literary purposes.
Punjabi culture is known for its vibrant festivals, such as Baisakhi and Lohri, and its rich tradition of music and dance, including Bhangra and Giddha. Sindhi culture also boasts rich traditions, with festivals like Cheti Chand and cultural expressions like the Sindhi Ajrak and Sindhi music.
Punjabi cuisine features robust flavors with dishes like butter chicken, sarson da saag, and makki di roti. Sindhi cuisine is distinct with its own set of flavors, featuring dishes like Sindhi biryani, sai bhaji, and Sindhi curry, often incorporating fish due to the region’s proximity to the Indus River.
Punjabi literature has a vast collection of poetry and prose, with famous poets like Waris Shah and Bulleh Shah. Sindhi literature is equally rich, with contributions from poets like Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai and Sachal Sarmast, reflecting the region’s Sufi heritage.
The traditional attire in Punjab includes the salwar kameez and kurta pajama, often in vibrant colors. In Sindh, traditional dress includes the Sindhi topi and ajrak, along with the shalwar kameez, usually in more subdued colors and intricate patterns.

Comparison Chart


Punjab (India and Pakistan)
Sindh (Pakistan)


Gurmukhi (India), Shahmukhi (Pakistan)
Arabic script, Perso-Arabic script


Baisakhi, Lohri
Cheti Chand


Butter chicken, sarson da saag
Sindhi biryani, sai bhaji


Waris Shah, Bulleh Shah
Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai, Sachal Sarmast

Punjabi and Sindhi Definitions


Cultural traditions from Punjab.
The Punjabi wedding was full of vibrant colors and music.


Traditional food from Sindh.
The Sindhi curry was delicious.


Writing system used in Punjab.
She learned to write in the Gurmukhi script.


A language spoken in Sindh.
They conversed in Sindhi during the festival.


A language spoken in Punjab.
He speaks fluent Punjabi at home.


Writing system used in Sindh.
He wrote his name in the Sindhi script.


Traditional food from Punjab.
We enjoyed a hearty Punjabi meal.


Folk traditions from Sindh.
She performed a traditional Sindhi dance.


Folk traditions from Punjab.
Bhangra is a popular Punjabi dance.


Cultural traditions from Sindh.
Sindhi culture is rich with history and traditions.


Of or relating to the Punjab or the Punjabi language.


A member of the predominantly Muslim people of Sindh.


A native or inhabitant of the Punjab.


The Indic language of Sindh.


An Indic language spoken in the Punjab.


Of or relating to Sindh or its people, language, or culture.


A member of the majority people of Punjab in northwestern India


The Indic language of the Sindhi people


The Indic language spoken by most people in Punjab in northwestern India


What are popular Punjabi festivals?

Popular Punjabi festivals include Baisakhi and Lohri.

Who are famous Punjabi poets?

Waris Shah and Bulleh Shah are renowned Punjabi poets.

What is a staple dish in Punjabi cuisine?

Butter chicken and sarson da saag are staple dishes in Punjabi cuisine.

What is a staple dish in Sindhi cuisine?

Sindhi biryani and sai bhaji are staple dishes in Sindhi cuisine.

What script does Punjabi use?

Punjabi uses the Gurmukhi script in India and the Shahmukhi script in Pakistan.

What are popular Sindhi festivals?

Popular Sindhi festivals include Cheti Chand.

What traditional attire is common in Punjab?

Traditional attire in Punjab includes the salwar kameez and kurta pajama.

What is a unique aspect of Punjabi music?

Bhangra is a popular and energetic form of Punjabi music and dance.

What regions speak Punjabi?

Punjabi is primarily spoken in the Punjab regions of India and Pakistan.

What script does Sindhi use?

Sindhi primarily uses the Arabic script and a unique Perso-Arabic script.

How is Sindhi literature characterized?

Sindhi literature is notable for its Sufi poetry and philosophical works.

What traditional attire is common in Sindh?

Traditional attire in Sindh includes the Sindhi topi, ajrak, and shalwar kameez.

What is a unique aspect of Sindhi music?

Sindhi music often incorporates Sufi themes and traditional instruments.

How is Punjabi literature characterized?

Punjabi literature is known for its rich poetry and folk tales.

How is Punjabi cuisine generally described?

Punjabi cuisine is robust and often features rich, creamy dishes.

What regions speak Sindhi?

Sindhi is primarily spoken in the Sindh region of Pakistan.

Who are famous Sindhi poets?

Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai and Sachal Sarmast are renowned Sindhi poets.

What is a traditional Punjabi celebration?

Lohri, celebrating the winter solstice, is a traditional Punjabi celebration.

How is Sindhi cuisine generally described?

Sindhi cuisine is flavorful and often includes a variety of spices and seafood.

What is a traditional Sindhi celebration?

Cheti Chand, marking the Sindhi New Year, is a traditional Sindhi celebration.
About Author
Written by
Harlon Moss
Harlon is a seasoned quality moderator and accomplished content writer for Difference Wiki. An alumnus of the prestigious University of California, he earned his degree in Computer Science. Leveraging his academic background, Harlon brings a meticulous and informed perspective to his work, ensuring content accuracy and excellence.
Co-written by
Janet White
Janet White has been an esteemed writer and blogger for Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Science and Medical Journalism from the prestigious Boston University, she has consistently demonstrated her expertise and passion for her field. When she's not immersed in her work, Janet relishes her time exercising, delving into a good book, and cherishing moments with friends and family.

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