Difference Between Pug and Bulldog


Main Difference

The main difference between Pug and Bulldog is that Pug is smaller in size with a round-shaped head and less muscular body, whereas Bulldogs are larger with a big square-shaped head and a more muscular body.

Pug vs. Bulldog

The geographic origin of pugs is China during 700 BC, whereas the geographic origin of bulldogs is British islands and England. The pub barks often, but the potential of bulldogs to bark is higher than a pug.

The measurement of the height of the pug is between 10 to 14 inches, while the height of the bulldog ranges from 11 to 14 inches. The body size of pugs is small and less masculine; however, the body size of bulldogs is larger as compared to pugs and is more masculine.


The head shape of pugs is round with prominent along with a wrinkly forehead, whereas the bulldogs contain a big square-shaped wrinkly head. The prominence of the lower jaw in pugs is lower, but the bulldogs contain a more prominent and projecting lower jaw. The eyes of pugs characterize as big rounded eyes while the eyes of the bulldog are medium-sized and rounded.

The weight of pugs ranges from 6.5 to 8 kg (14 to 18 pounds) while the weight of bulldogs ranges from 18 to 22 kg (14 and 18 pounds). The color of the pug’s coat can be light brown, black, apricot, or silver; however, the color of the bulldog’s coat can be light brown, white, red, brindle, or piebald.


The pubs live from 13 to 15 years, and the bulldogs have 10 to12 years of life. The training of pugs is challenging and difficult to housetrain while the training required for the bulldogs is moderate ad easier.

The ability of companionship of pugs is good, and the Bulldogs have the ability as good fighters along with companionship. The pubs require more grooming and coaching as compared to bulldogs which require relatively less grooming.

The tail appearance of pubs is curvy like pigs along with droopy ears while the tail appearance of bulldogs is small and straight with big, pointed ears like bats. The skin coat of pugs is thick and has a rough texture; however, the skin coat of bulldogs is of smooth and fine texture.

Health issues of pugs include breathing problems, and they are also prone to pug dog encephalitis, skin allergies, luxating patella, eye problems, epilepsy, and hip dysplasia whereas most commonly bulldogs have a health issue of intervertebral disc disease.

So, they are more prone to it because of their unique body shape, and their breeding process is difficult therefore they are artificially inseminated.

Comparison Chart

It is a dog breed that has characteristics of features of a short wrinkly and muzzled face with a curved pig-like tail.Bulldog, also called British Bulldog and English Bulldog, is a breed of dog that is moderate size having a wrinkly face with a nose that is pushed in and a bulky body.
ChinaBritish Isles
Origin Year
1500 AD206 BC
Body Size
Height at Withers
10-11 inches12-14 inches
Body Size
Less muscularMore muscular
Head Appearance
Large and round shaped headBroad and square-shaped head
Lower Jaw
Less prominentMore prominent
6.5 – 8 kg18- 22 kg
Good companionGood fighters and companions
Color Coat
Fawn, apricot, silver, blackWhite, brindle, red, fawn, piebald colors
13-15 years10-12 years
It requires more training.It requires moderate training.
Large and round-shapedBroad and square-shaped
Tail Appearance
Curly, piglikeSmall, straight
Ear Appearance
Skin Texture
Thick and roughSmooth and fine
Top Speed
15 mph12 mph
IQ Ranking

What is Pug?

It is the breed of dogs that has different characteristics of small wrinkled and muzzled faces with droopy ears and curvy tails. The skin coat of the pugs has a glossy appearance with a thicker and coarser texture and a wide range of colors, including usually fawn or black, also apricot and silver.

They have a square-shaped dense body structure that consists of fully developed muscles. The history of pugs is a long time and 400 BC old. People consider their development is from Tibetan Mastiff with registration by AKC dated 1885. Its main purpose, other than other breeds of dogs, was to serve companionship.

The weight of pugs can be from 6.5 to 8 kg, and the measured height is almost 10 to 14 inches, with a lifespan of 13 to 1 year. Their bodies are sturdy and muscular, with a big wrinkled round heads. The appearance of their eyes is deep, large, and dark. They have a curly piglike tail and present tightly at the hip joint.

Their ranking in the United States of America is 32; however, the ranking in the United Kingdom is four as they are more favored there. The pug has the characteristic of more activeness and is more liable to bark. Their behavioral changes are dependent on certain circumstances, as leaving them alone for long periods initiates behavioral problems.

The pugs go through many health issues apart from breathing problems, including luxating patella, eye problems epilepsy, hip dysplasia, and skin allergies. Pug dog encephalitis is a neurological disorder that results in brain inflammation leading to seizures, pain, and, eventually, death.

The intelligence level of pugs is high, along with funny and pleasant expressions. Pugs sometimes establish stubbornness: although they give positive feedback towards good training and treats. People refer to pugs as “class clowns” among all the breeds.

They seek attention and love to follow their owners, and they can adjust to any lifestyle setting. The shape of their ears can be “rose” and “button.” The “Rose” ears have a small size as compared to “button” ears that are folded along the side of the head and preferred for breeding.

The physical appearance of pugs’ legs is straight, moderate lengthed, and strong with strong ankles, small feet, split toes, and black nails. The pregnancy of pugs has a duration of 63 days. They give birth to 6-7 puppies and can extend from 9.

What is Bulldog?

Other names of the bulldog, are British Bulldog or English Bulldog that fall under the medium-sized breeds of dog. Bulldog has a heavy, muscular body structure with a face that has wrinkles and a particular pushed-in nose. According to the American Kennel Club of the US, the popularity-based ranking of the bulldog is the fifth purebred in 2017.

The origination of bulldogs was in the British Isles, and the purpose of their ancestors was bull baiting. The bulldog gained dog popularity due to its characteristic of good companionship with humans. The bulldogs weigh more than 20 kgs, and their height is between 12 to 14 inches.

The texture of their coat is smooth, glossy, and short with colors of white, brindle, red, fawn, and piebald. They have a lifespan of more than 10 to 12 years. It is a particular breed of dog that has loose and wrinkly skin on the head, small ears, frowned brows, a pushed-in nose, and extensive underbite teeth.

It is cozy enough to join its owner’s lap to watch TV. Bulldogs like to brisk walk because it is an ease-loving breed. They require air conditioning in summers. Bulldog is more costly, and it costs between 1,500 – and 4,000 dollars.

Bulldog is intelligent and loyal, but they require good training and repetitive commands to follow it. Bulldogs have a gentle nature that even raising your voice can disturb them and take them back a step and leads them towards stubbornness.

The purpose of introducing this breed was to assist the butchers in managing their livestock, but with time, it leads their transformation into amiable and easy-going dogs. Bulldog is also prone to many health issues as they belong to brachycephalic breeds, including breathing problems, overheating, severe skin allergies, cherry eye, dysplasia, joint diseases, and cancer as well. They shed, but it is hardly noticeable.

Main Difference

  1. The origin of pugs is from China, while the origin of bulldogs is from the British Isles.
  2. The height of pugs is between 10 to 11 inches, whereas the height of bulldogs is 12 to 14 inches.
  3. The size of pugs is smaller, and body structure is less muscular; however, the size of bulldogs is larger, and the body structure is more muscular.
  4. Pugs have a less prominent lower jaw as compared to bulldogs that have a more prominent lower jaw.
  5. The head of the pug is big and round-shaped, contrarily the head of a bulldog is wide and square-shaped.
  6. The eye appearance of pugs is big and round, on the flip side, the eyes of bulldogs appear to be round and moderate in size.
  7. The coat color of pugs vary as black, fawn, silver, and apricot; on the other hand, the coat colors of bulldogs are white, red, brindle, fawn, and piebald colors.
  8. Pugs can live a life of 13-15 years; however, bulldogs can live 10 to 12 years.
  9. The grooming of pugs is somehow challenging, whereas bulldogs require a moderate level of training.


Pugs and bulldogs both are good companion breeds, but they differ in physical appearance; as pugs have a larger head with more wrinkles, a less muscular body, and require moderate training, whereas bulldogs have a broad, square-shaped head with a more muscular body and require more training.

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson