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Naan vs. Kulcha: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Janet White || Published on November 9, 2023
Naan is a leavened, oven-baked flatbread found in various parts of Asia, while Kulcha is a type of mildly leavened flatbread that originated in the Indian subcontinent.

Key Differences

Naan, known for its puffy texture, is made with white flour and uses a yeast culture or baking powder. In contrast, Kulcha is typically made with maida flour and is often leavened with yogurt, leading to a softer texture.
Naan is traditionally cooked in a tandoor oven, giving it a distinct taste and char, whereas Kulcha can be cooked on a tava (flat pan), which makes it softer and fluffier.
Naan is versatile and can be served plain or brushed with ghee or butter, while Kulcha is often stuffed with a variety of fillings like paneer, onions, or potatoes.
Naan has a history that's believed to date back to India and Central Asia, with numerous variations. Kulcha, however, has its origins in North India, particularly in Punjab and its surrounding regions.
While both Naan and Kulcha are part of Indian cuisine, Naan's popularity extends beyond the Indian subcontinent, often found in the cuisines of other Asian countries and the Middle East. Kulcha, however, is predominantly popular in Indian cuisine.

Comparison Chart


White flour, yeast or baking powder
Maida flour, yogurt (for leavening)

Cooking Method

Tandoor oven
Tava (flat pan) or tandoor


Served plain or brushed with ghee/butter
Often stuffed with paneer, onions, etc.


India and Central Asia
North India (especially Punjab)


Throughout Asia and Middle East
Predominantly in Indian cuisine

Naan and Kulcha Definitions


"Naan can be served with butter or ghee."
She brushed the hot Naan with a generous amount of ghee.


"Kulcha originates from North India."
Kulcha is a popular bread in Punjabi cuisine.


"Naan is a leavened flatbread."
We enjoyed the freshly baked Naan with our curry.


"Kulcha is a type of Indian flatbread."
We ordered aloo Kulcha to go with the chole.


"Naan is a staple in many Asian cuisines."
You can find Naan served in most Indian restaurants around the city.


"Kulcha is often stuffed."
The paneer Kulcha was stuffed with a rich, cheesy filling.


"Naan has various regional variations."
I prefer the garlic Naan to the plain one.


"Kulcha is softer and fluffier than Naan."
I love how soft and fluffy this Kulcha is, especially when it's fresh.


"Naan is cooked in a tandoor oven."
The Naan had the smoky flavor of the tandoor.


"Kulcha is cooked on a flat pan."
He expertly flipped the Kulcha on the hot tava.


A flat, leavened bread of northwest India, made of wheat flour and baked in a tandoor.


A type of leavened bread from northern India, made with wheat flour and usually eaten with chole.


A type of round, flat bread baked in a tandoor popular in South and Central Asian cuisine.


Can Naan have fillings?

Traditionally, Naan is plain but it can have toppings; fillings are less common.

What is Kulcha?

Kulcha is a mildly leavened bread made from maida flour, commonly stuffed with fillings and popular in Indian cuisine.

How is Naan made?

Naan is made using white flour and is leavened with yeast or baking powder before being cooked in a tandoor oven.

Where did Naan originate?

Naan has historical roots in India and Central Asia.

What are common fillings in Kulcha?

Kulcha can have various fillings, including paneer (cheese), potatoes, and onions.

How is Kulcha typically served?

Kulcha is often served with Indian dishes, particularly chole (chickpea curry).

What is the origin of Kulcha?

Kulcha primarily originated in North India, especially in Punjab.

Is Naan served with meals?

Yes, Naan is commonly served with Indian curries and dishes.

How do I store Naan?

Naan is best eaten fresh but can be stored in an airtight container and reheated.

What is Naan?

Naan is a type of leavened bread traditionally cooked in a tandoor oven and common in various parts of Asia.

How is Kulcha prepared?

Kulcha is prepared with maida flour, leavened with yogurt, and can be cooked on a tava or in a tandoor.

Can I make Naan at home?

Yes, you can make Naan at home, although a tandoor oven provides a unique flavor.

Is Kulcha vegan?

While traditional Kulcha contains yogurt, vegan versions can be made without dairy.

Is Naan gluten-free?

Traditional Naan contains gluten, but there are gluten-free recipes available.

Does Naan contain dairy?

Naan can contain dairy, such as yogurt or milk, and is often brushed with ghee or butter.

Does Kulcha contain gluten?

Yes, traditional Kulcha contains gluten as it's made from maida flour.

Is homemade Kulcha easy to prepare?

Yes, Kulcha can be easily made at home on a tava or in a regular oven.

Can I freeze Kulcha?

Yes, you can freeze Kulcha; just reheat it in the oven or on a tava.

Is Kulcha available worldwide?

Kulcha is common in Indian restaurants, though it might be less readily available globally than Naan.

Where can I find Naan?

Naan is available at most Indian restaurants and in the international aisle of many supermarkets.
About Author
Written by
Janet White
Janet White has been an esteemed writer and blogger for Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Science and Medical Journalism from the prestigious Boston University, she has consistently demonstrated her expertise and passion for her field. When she's not immersed in her work, Janet relishes her time exercising, delving into a good book, and cherishing moments with friends and family.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

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