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Marxism vs. Maoism: What's the Difference?

Edited by Sawaira Riaz || By Sumera Saeed || Published on January 21, 2024
Marxism is a socio-economic theory advocating for a classless society and the abolition of private property, while Maoism is an adaptation of Marxism, emphasizing peasant-based revolution and continuous class struggle.

Key Differences

Marxism, developed by Karl Marx, is a political and economic ideology that argues for a society without class divisions. Maoism, a form of Marxism adapted by Mao Zedong, centers around the concept of a continuous revolution led by the peasantry.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2024
Marxism focuses on the proletariat (working class) revolution in industrialized societies, advocating for the end of capitalism and private property. Maoism emphasizes the role of the rural peasantry as a revolutionary force, particularly in agrarian societies.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2024
Marxism envisions a proletarian revolution overthrowing the bourgeoisie, while Maoism adapts this concept to agrarian contexts, asserting that the peasant class can lead a successful revolution.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2024
Marxism is rooted in dialectical materialism and aims for a classless, stateless society post-revolution. Maoism adds the concept of "continuous revolution" to prevent the restoration of bourgeois elements.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 21, 2024
Marxism has been a foundation for various socialist and communist movements worldwide. Maoism, while initially specific to China, influenced communist movements in other countries, particularly in Asia.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2024
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Comparison Chart

Origin

Developed by Karl Marx
Adaptation by Mao Zedong in China
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2024

Key Focus

Proletariat revolution in industrial societies
Peasant-based revolution in agrarian societies
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 21, 2024

Class Emphasis

Working class (proletariat)
Rural peasantry
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2024

Conceptual Additions

Dialectical materialism, classless society
Continuous revolution, cultural revolution
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2024

Global Impact

Influence on global socialist movements
Impact on communist movements, especially in Asia
Janet White
Jan 21, 2024
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Marxism and Maoism Definitions

Marxism

A theory advocating for a classless society.
Marxism proposes the elimination of class hierarchies.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 27, 2023

Maoism

Advocates for continuous class struggle.
Maoism emphasizes the need for ongoing revolutionary spirit.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 27, 2023

Marxism

Based on dialectical materialism.
Marxism analyzes historical changes through material conditions.
Janet White
Dec 27, 2023

Maoism

A variant of Marxism focusing on peasant revolution.
Maoism played a key role in China's communist revolution.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 27, 2023

Marxism

A foundation for communist and socialist ideologies.
Many socialist policies are inspired by Marxism.
Janet White
Dec 27, 2023

Maoism

Adaptation of Marxism to Chinese socio-economic conditions.
Maoism reshaped Marxist ideas to fit China's context.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 27, 2023

Marxism

Emphasizes the struggle between proletariat and bourgeoisie.
Marxism views class struggle as a driver of social change.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 27, 2023

Maoism

Influenced communist movements in Asia.
Maoism has had a significant impact on Asian communist parties.
Janet White
Dec 27, 2023

Marxism

Calls for the abolition of private property.
Under Marxism, resources would be communally owned.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 27, 2023

Maoism

Stresses the importance of a cultural revolution.
Maoism led to China's Cultural Revolution in the 1960s.
Harlon Moss
Dec 27, 2023

Marxism

The political and economic philosophy of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in which the concept of class struggle plays a central role in understanding society's allegedly inevitable development from bourgeois oppression under capitalism to a socialist and ultimately classless society.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 26, 2023

Maoism

The form of Marxism-Leninism developed in China chiefly by Mao Zedong.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 26, 2023

Marxism

Alternative case form of Marxism
Sumera Saeed
Dec 26, 2023

Maoism

A form of communism developed in China by Mao Zedong.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 26, 2023

Marxism

A system of economic and political thought, originated by Karl Marx, and elaborated by others. It holds that the state has been the a device for suppression of the masses, allowing exploitation by a dominant (capitalistic) class; that historical change occurs through class struggle; and that the capitalist system will inevitably wither away to be superseded by a classless society.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 26, 2023

Maoism

A form of communism developed in China by Mao Zedong
Sumera Saeed
Dec 26, 2023

Marxism

The economic and political theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels that hold that human actions and institutions are economically determined and that class struggle is needed to create historical change and that capitalism will untimately be superseded by communism
Sumera Saeed
Dec 26, 2023

FAQs

What's a key feature of Maoism?

Emphasis on the revolutionary potential of the peasantry.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2024

What is Maoism?

An adaptation of Marxism, focusing on peasant revolution and continuous class struggle.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 21, 2024

Did Marxism advocate for global revolution?

Yes, it envisioned a worldwide proletarian revolution.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 21, 2024

How does Marxism view class struggle?

As a conflict between proletariat and bourgeoisie driving societal change.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2024

What's the concept of continuous revolution in Maoism?

Ongoing class struggle to prevent the rise of new elites.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2024

What role did Maoism assign to culture?

A key role, advocating for cultural change to support revolution.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2024

How did Maoism influence China?

It was the guiding ideology behind China's communist revolution.
Janet White
Jan 21, 2024

What is Marxism?

A socio-economic theory for a classless society and ending private property.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2024

Who developed Marxism?

Karl Marx, along with contributions from Friedrich Engels.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 21, 2024

Was Maoism exclusive to China?

Initially, but it later influenced other communist movements, especially in Asia.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 21, 2024

How did Maoism differ from Soviet communism?

It placed more emphasis on peasant rather than proletarian revolution.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2024

Is Marxism still relevant today?

Its principles continue to influence various political and social movements.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2024

Did Maoism change over time in China?

Yes, it evolved, especially during and after Mao Zedong's leadership.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2024

What does Marxism say about private property?

It advocates for its abolition in favor of communal ownership.
Janet White
Jan 21, 2024

What's the legacy of Maoism in modern politics?

It remains influential in some communist parties and revolutionary movements.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2024

How does Marxism view the state?

As an instrument of class oppression to be eventually dissolved.
Harlon Moss
Jan 21, 2024

What's the Marxist view on capitalism?

As a system to be overthrown through revolution.
Janet White
Jan 21, 2024

How does Marxism address economic inequality?

By proposing a society where production is communally controlled.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2024

Does Marxism focus on urban or rural workers?

Primarily urban, focusing on industrial workers.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2024

How did Maoism view industrial development?

It saw industrial development as secondary to peasant-led revolution.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2024
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.

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