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Hypertext vs. Hypermedia: What's the Difference?

Edited by Janet White || By Harlon Moss || Published on January 22, 2024
Hypertext is a text with links to other texts. Hypermedia extends hypertext by including multimedia (images, video, sound).

Key Differences

Hypertext refers to a system of managing and linking text documents electronically, where clicking a hyperlink in one text can lead to another related document. Hypermedia, on the other hand, is an extension of hypertext, incorporating not just text but also other media like images, video, and sound, linked in a non-linear format.
The concept of hypertext is primarily focused on textual content with embedded links. Hypermedia, in contrast, encompasses a broader range of content types. While hypertext links documents, hypermedia links various forms of media, making it a more multimedia-rich experience.
Hypertext is the foundation of the World Wide Web, where web pages are connected through hyperlinks. Hypermedia expands this concept by integrating multimedia elements, such as video clips or sound files, within these web pages, enhancing the user's interactive experience.
In hypertext systems, the interaction is typically limited to text-based navigation. Hypermedia systems offer a more immersive experience, allowing users to engage with different types of media, including graphics and animations, in an interconnected environment.
Hypertext is suited for applications focused on textual information and document management. Hypermedia, due to its multimedia nature, is ideal for educational software, interactive storytelling, and online courses, where various media types are used to convey information.

Comparison Chart

Media Type

Text, Images, Video, Sound


Text-based Navigation
Multimedia Navigation


Document Linking
Rich Media Experiences

Web Implementation

Web Pages with Links
Web Pages with Multimedia

Ideal Application

Information Management
Educational Software

Hypertext and Hypermedia Definitions


Text displayed electronically with references (hyperlinks) to other text.
Clicking on the word 'encyclopedia' in the hypertext document took me to a detailed article about its history.


Digital content combining text, images, video, and audio links.
Her hypermedia project was an interactive mix of music, text, and images.


Non-linear text where clicking links leads to related content.
The hypertext novel allowed readers to choose their own narrative path.


Interactive multimedia system linked similarly to hypertext.
The hypermedia encyclopedia made learning engaging with its integrated videos.


Digital text format enabling linking to other texts or documents.
Her thesis was presented as hypertext, linking to sources and related topics.


A web-based system linking various media formats.
The educational website used hypermedia to link tutorials, quizzes, and explanatory videos.


A way of structuring information through linked textual nodes.
Navigating through the hypertext, he easily found the information he needed.


An extension of hypertext, integrating multimedia elements.
The hypermedia presentation included video clips alongside the text.


Electronic text interconnected through hyperlinks.
The hypertext format of the online manual made it easy to jump to relevant sections.


Non-linear media content, interconnected through hyperlinks.
Navigating the hypermedia art exhibit, viewers experienced a blend of sound, visuals, and text.


Digital text that contains hyperlinks to other texts.


A collection of files existing in various digital media, such as text, graphic images, and audio and video recordings, that are connected together by hyperlinks.


(uncountable) Digital text in which the reader may navigate related information through embedded hyperlinks.


(computing) The use of text, data, graphics, audio and video as elements of an extended hypertext system in which all elements are linked so that the user can move among them at will.


(countable) A hypertext document.


A multimedia system in which related items of information are connected and can be presented together


Machine-readable text that is not sequential but is organized so that related items of information are connected;
Let me introduce the word hypertext to mean a body of written or pictorial material interconnected in such a complex way that it could not conveniently be presented or represented on paper


What is hypermedia?

Hypermedia is a system similar to hypertext but includes multimedia elements like images, audio, and video.

How does hypertext work?

Hypertext works by linking pieces of text through hyperlinks, allowing users to click and navigate to related content.

What is hypertext?

Hypertext is text displayed on a computer or other digital devices with references (hyperlinks) to other text.

Is hypertext still relevant today?

Absolutely, hypertext remains crucial for the structure and navigation of the vast majority of web content.

Are hyperlinks exclusive to hypertext?

No, hyperlinks are fundamental to both hypertext and hypermedia, serving as the connecting elements.

Is HTML a form of hypertext?

Yes, HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is the standard language for creating hypertext documents on the web.

Can hypertext include images?

Hypertext primarily focuses on text, though it can reference images; hypermedia actually embeds such multimedia elements.

Is hypermedia widely used?

Yes, hypermedia is commonly used in modern web design, educational software, and interactive storytelling.

What are some applications of hypertext?

Applications of hypertext include digital libraries, online documentation, and websites.

What makes hypermedia different from hypertext?

Hypermedia includes not only text links but also links to other media types, offering a richer, more interactive experience.

Can hypermedia be used in education?

Absolutely, hypermedia is highly effective in education for creating interactive learning materials.

What is the main advantage of hypermedia over traditional media?

The main advantage is interactivity and the ability to integrate diverse media types for a comprehensive experience.

What role does hypertext play in the Internet?

Hypertext is fundamental to the Internet, forming the basis of web pages and links between them.

Can hypertext exist without hyperlinks?

No, hyperlinks are essential for creating the connections that define hypertext.

Can hypertext be used offline?

Yes, hypertext can be used in offline documents and software, as long as the linked content is accessible.

Are there any limitations to using hypertext?

The main limitation of hypertext is its reliance on text and links, which can be less engaging than the multimedia approach of hypermedia.

Can hypermedia enhance online learning?

Yes, hypermedia can significantly enhance online learning by integrating various media types for a more engaging experience.

How does hypermedia impact user interaction?

Hypermedia enhances user interaction by providing a more dynamic and engaging way to navigate through information.

How is hypermedia used in websites?

In websites, hypermedia is used to create interactive experiences, linking text, images, videos, and sounds.

What is the future of hypermedia?

The future of hypermedia likely involves more integrated, immersive experiences, possibly incorporating virtual and augmented reality.
About Author
Written by
Harlon Moss
Harlon is a seasoned quality moderator and accomplished content writer for Difference Wiki. An alumnus of the prestigious University of California, he earned his degree in Computer Science. Leveraging his academic background, Harlon brings a meticulous and informed perspective to his work, ensuring content accuracy and excellence.
Edited by
Janet White
Janet White has been an esteemed writer and blogger for Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Science and Medical Journalism from the prestigious Boston University, she has consistently demonstrated her expertise and passion for her field. When she's not immersed in her work, Janet relishes her time exercising, delving into a good book, and cherishing moments with friends and family.

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