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Mandrill vs. Baboon: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sawaira Riaz || Published on January 23, 2024
Mandrills are colorful primates with distinctive facial and rump markings; baboons are less colorful, larger, and known for their dog-like faces and strong jaws.

Key Differences

Mandrills are renowned for their striking coloration, particularly the vibrant blue and red on their faces and the red and purple hues on their rumps. Baboons, in contrast, have a more subdued appearance, with dog-like faces and lack the vibrant facial coloring of mandrills.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 23, 2024
Mandrills are one of the largest monkey species but are generally smaller and more slender than baboons. Baboons are larger, with a more robust and muscular build, adapted for a terrestrial lifestyle.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 23, 2024
Mandrills are primarily found in the rainforests of West Central Africa. Baboons are more widespread across various parts of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, inhabiting diverse environments from savannas to hills.
Huma Saeed
Jan 23, 2024
Mandrills live in large groups with complex social structures and display shy and reclusive behavior. Baboons are known for their more aggressive nature and form large troops that are often seen in open areas.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 23, 2024
Both mandrills and baboons are omnivorous, but mandrills have a diet that leans more towards fruits and seeds, while baboons have a more varied diet including a significant amount of meat.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 23, 2024
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Comparison Chart

Appearance

Vibrant facial and rump colors
Dog-like face, less colorful
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 23, 2024

Size

Large, but smaller than baboons
Larger and more robust
Huma Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

Habitat

Rainforests of West Central Africa
Diverse, from savannas to hills in Africa and Arabian Peninsula
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 23, 2024

Social Behavior

Shy, reclusive, complex social groups
Aggressive, visible in open areas, large troops
Aimie Carlson
Jan 23, 2024

Diet

Fruits, seeds, occasionally insects
Varied, including fruits, seeds, and meat
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 23, 2024
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Mandrill and Baboon Definitions

Mandrill

A large, colorful primate native to African rainforests.
The mandrill's vibrant face makes it one of the most colorful mammals.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 22, 2023

Baboon

A large primate with a dog-like face, native to Africa and Arabia.
Baboons are easily recognized by their long, dog-like snouts.
Janet White
Dec 22, 2023

Mandrill

Primarily a frugivorous species.
Mandrills spend much of their time foraging for fruits in the forest.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 22, 2023

Baboon

Forms large, aggressive troops.
A troop of baboons can often be seen foraging together in open areas.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 22, 2023

Mandrill

Has a complex social structure.
Male mandrills lead large groups with intricate social hierarchies.
Janet White
Dec 22, 2023

Baboon

Has a diverse omnivorous diet.
Baboons eat a variety of foods, including fruits, insects, and small animals.
Janet White
Dec 22, 2023

Mandrill

Exhibits shy and reclusive behavior.
Despite their size, mandrills are often elusive and hard to spot in the wild.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 22, 2023

Baboon

Known for their strong build and large size.
Baboons can be intimidating due to their muscular build.
Huma Saeed
Dec 22, 2023

Mandrill

Known for its distinctive blue and red facial markings.
A mandrill's face becomes more colorful with age and social status.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 22, 2023

Baboon

Inhabits various environments, from savannas to hills.
Baboons are adaptable, thriving in different African landscapes.
Harlon Moss
Dec 22, 2023

Mandrill

A large terrestrial monkey (Mandrillus sphinx) of dense forests of west-central Africa, having an olive-brown body with a brightly colored rump and face that are especially pronounced in the male.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 20, 2023

Baboon

Any of several large terrestrial African and Arabian monkeys of the genus Papio, having an elongated doglike muzzle and bare calluses on the buttocks.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 20, 2023

Mandrill

A primate, Mandrillus sphinx, with colorful face and rump.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 20, 2023

Baboon

(Slang) A brutish person; a boor.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 20, 2023

Mandrill

A large West African baboon (Papio sphinx syn. Mandrillus sphinx, formerly Cynocephalus mormon syn. Papio mormon). The adult male has, on the sides of the nose, large, naked, grooved swellings, conspicuously striped with blue and red. It is an endangered species.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 20, 2023

Baboon

An Old World monkey of the genus Papio, having dog-like muzzles and large canine teeth, cheek pouches, a short tail, and naked callosities on the buttocks. 13
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 20, 2023

Mandrill

Baboon of west Africa with red and blue muzzle and hindquarters
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 20, 2023

Baboon

A foolish or boorish person.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 20, 2023

Baboon

One of the Old World Quadrumana, of the genera Cynocephalus and Papio; the dog-faced ape. Baboons have dog-like muzzles and large canine teeth, cheek pouches, a short tail, and naked callosities on the buttocks. They are mostly African. See Mandrill, and Chacma, and Drill an ape.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 20, 2023

Baboon

Large terrestrial monkeys having doglike muzzles
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 20, 2023

FAQs

What distinguishes a baboon's appearance?

Baboons have a more robust build and a dog-like face.
Janet White
Jan 23, 2024

How large can a mandrill grow?

Mandrills are one of the largest monkey species but smaller than baboons.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 23, 2024

What is a mandrill?

A colorful primate native to African rainforests.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 23, 2024

What colors are found on a mandrill's face?

Vibrant blue and red markings.
Janet White
Jan 23, 2024

What is a baboon?

A large primate with a dog-like face, found in Africa and Arabia.
Huma Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

How social are mandrills?

They live in large groups with complex social structures.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 23, 2024

Where do mandrills live?

In the rainforests of West Central Africa.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 23, 2024

What is unique about a mandrill's rump?

It has distinctive red and purple hues.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 23, 2024

Are mandrills territorial?

They have home ranges but are not highly territorial.
Janet White
Jan 23, 2024

What is the natural habitat of baboons?

They live in diverse environments, from African savannas to hills.
Janet White
Jan 23, 2024

How do mandrills care for their young?

Mothers are primarily responsible for nurturing the young.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 23, 2024

Are baboons aggressive?

Yes, they are known for their aggressive nature.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 23, 2024

What do mandrills eat?

Mainly fruits and seeds, with occasional insects.
Harlon Moss
Jan 23, 2024

Are mandrills endangered?

They are considered vulnerable due to habitat loss and hunting.
Janet White
Jan 23, 2024

How do baboons communicate?

Through various vocalizations, facial expressions, and body postures.
Janet White
Jan 23, 2024

What is the lifespan of a baboon?

Baboons can live up to 30 years in the wild.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 23, 2024

What predators threaten baboons?

Leopards, lions, and hyenas are among their natural predators.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 23, 2024

Can baboons be found outside Africa?

Yes, they also inhabit the Arabian Peninsula.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 23, 2024

What is the diet of a baboon?

Baboons have a varied diet, including fruits, seeds, and meat.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 23, 2024

Do baboons live in groups?

Yes, they form large and often aggressive troops.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 23, 2024
About Author
Written by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

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