Difference Between HTTP vs. HTTPS

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Main Difference

The difference between HTTP and HTTPS is that HTTP is not a secure protocol that provides a web page from the web server to web browser on request whereas HTTPS is a secure protocol that provides a web page from the web server to web browser on request.

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HTTP vs. HTTPS

There are many file transfer protocol, the use to file transfer protocol is to transfer data from client to server. There are two types of file transfer protocol that are HTTP and FTP. HTTP perform the combine function of both FTP and SMTP. HTTPS is the type of HTTP. If we talk about the main difference, then the main difference between HTTP and HTTPS is that HTTP is not a secure protocol that provides a web page from the web server to web browser on request whereas HTTPS is a secure protocol that provides a web page from the web server to web browser on request. There is a TLS/SSL certificate that provides the security for the data transfer protocol. HTTPS has TLS/SSL certificate like HTTP does not have TLS/SSL certificate. A file transfer protocol that is used to access data from the World Wide Web is called HTTP that is hypertext transfer protocol. HTTP provides a web page from the web server to web browser on request. There is a combine function of FTP and SMTP, and this combine function is HTTP. Data connection is used in HTTP that is the only TCP that is used in HTTP. Only data connection is used in HTTP whereas no separate control connection is used in HTTP. The services that HTTP uses is service of TCP on port no 80. SMTP works on the principle of HTTP because SMTP also transfers the data between client and server. HTTPS is hypertext transfer protocol secure, the working of HTTPS is same that of HTTP. HTTPS work in tandem with SSL that is secure socket layer. The security of data is handle by SSL that is present in HTTPS. The main purpose of HTTPS was to increase primarily on the internet when communicating with web sites and sending sensitive data. For the security of data and information SSL certificate is must needed. HTTPS websites are expensive and hosting companies offer them. HTTP create messages that are not destined to the humans for reading and then these messages are interpreted and read by the web server and web browser. HTTP do no store or forward messages whereas in HTTP messages are directly send. In request message command from the client side is sent to the web server. Response messages are messages that are sent by the web server.

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Comparison Chart

BasisHTTPHTTPS
Full formFull form of HTTP is hypertext transfer protocolFull form of HTTPS is hypertext transfer protocol secure
MeaningHTTP is not a secure protocol that provides a web page from the web server to web browser on requestHTTPS is a secure protocol that provides a web page from the web server to web browser on request.
EncryptionThere is no encryption in HTTPThere is encryption in HTTPS
SSL certificateSSL certificate is not required in HTTPSSL certificate is required in HTTPS

What is HTTP?

A file transfer protocol that is used to access data from the World Wide Web is called HTTP that is hypertext transfer protocol. HTTP provides a web page from the web server to web browser on request. There is a combine function of FTP and SMTP, and this combine function is HTTP. Data connection is used in HTTP that is the only TCP that is used in HTTP. Only data connection is used in HTTP whereas no separate control connection is used in HTTP. The services that HTTP uses is service of TCP on port no 80. SMTP works on the principle of HTTP because SMTP also transfers the data between client and server. HTTP create messages that are not destined to the humans for reading and then these messages are interpreted and read by the web server and web browser. HTTP do no store or forward messages whereas in HTTP messages are directly send. In request message command from the client side is sent to the web server. Response messages are messages that are sent by the web server. FTP is a file transfer protocol thatis used to upload and download file between client and server. File from one host is copied and send to another host in FTP. There can be a problem that can occur in FTP while transferring data from one host to another. There is a communicating host that can have different file name conventions and can also have different directory structures. HTTP can have different ways to represent data. The problems that are in HTTP are cover in FTP. When two hosts from different configuration want to exchange data FTP is used in place of HTTP. TCP services are used in FTP that can exchange any data. Two connections are used in FTP that is data transfer on TCP’s port number 20 and one separate connection of data. Control connection that is not used in HTTP is used in FTP. The security system is very high in FTP as compared to HTTP.

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What is HTTPS?

HTTPS is hypertext transfer protocol secure, the working of HTTPS is same that of HTTP. HTTPS work in tandem with SSL that is secure socket layer. The security of data is handle by SSL that is present in HTTPS. The main purpose of HTTPS was to increase primarily on the internet when communicating with web sites and sending sensitive data. For the security of data and information SSL certificate is must needed. HTTPS websites are expensive and hosting companies offer them.

Key Differences

  • Full form of HTTP is hypertext transfer protocol whereas Full form of HTTPS is hypertext transfer protocol secure.
  • HTTP is not a secure protocol that provides a web page from the web server to web browser on request whereas HTTPS is a secure protocol that provides a web page from the web server to web browser on request.
  • There is no encryption in HTTP whereas there is encryption in HTTPS.
  • SSL certificate is not required in HTTP whereas SSL certificate is required in HTTPS

Video Explanation

Conclusion

In this article we study the differnce between http and https. After reading this article we will have the concept of both http and https and differnce between both. Full form of HTTP is hypertext transfer protocol whereas Full form of HTTPS is hypertext transfer protocol secure.HTTP is not a secure protocol that provides a web page from the web server to web browser on request whereas HTTPS is a secure protocol that provides a web page from the web server to web browser on request.