Difference Between House of Representatives vs. Senate

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Main Difference

The main difference between House of Representatives and Senate is that the members of House of Representatives are selected for the period of two years while the tenure of the members of Sensate is six years.

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Comparison Chart

Basis of ComparisonHouse of RepresentativesSenate
DefinitionHouse of Representatives is one of the two legislative houses of the parliament.Senate is one of the two legislative houses of the parliament.
ConstituencyNarrower than SenateBroader
Election RationBased on populationEqual number (2) from each state
TypeLower HouseUpper House
RulesMore restraintsFewer restraints
ConstituencyNarrowerBroader
Media CoverageLessMore

House of Representatives

In Australia, America and some other countries, House of Representatives is one of the two legislative houses of the parliament. The other house is the Senate that is also called as Lower House. It is made of four hundred and thirty-five members in the United States of America and one hundred fifty members in Australia. These members are elected for the two years, and elections of House of Representatives are held after two years. The number of members of House of Representatives varies from country to country. In the US these are selected according to the population of the states. In the US, at present, there are five delegates representing the Virgin Islands, the District of Columbia, American Samoa, Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. House of Representatives takes power from the Section 2 of the Article 1 of the Constitution of the United States of America. For a person to be elected as the representative of the House of Representatives, he must be of twenty-five years old. Moreover, a person must be the citizen of the US for at least seven years and must be an inhabitant of the state he/she represents. As compared to the Senate, House of Representatives enjoys the fewer media coverage. Moreover, it has a narrower constituency and has more restraints rules. The Speaker generally controls Day to day affairs.

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Senate

In American, Australian, Asian and some other countries, Senate is one of the two legislative houses of the parliament. The other house is the House of Representatives also called as National Assembly in most of the countries. Senate is also called as the house of review or the upper house. It is made of one hundred members that are elected for a period of six years. In the United States, these are equally elected from all states comprising two from each state. The number of senators varies from country to country. In Australia, there are total seventy-six senators. One-third of these members are elected every two years. The role of Senator is to provide the government advice and consent on international treaties, executive nominations and conduct oversight of all branches of the federal government. In the United States of America, Senate takes power from the Article One of the United States Constitution. Senate is also given the power to conduct trials of those impeached by the House of Representatives. This institution is widely considered as prestigious and deliberative as compared to the House of Representatives due to its smaller size, longer terms, equal statewide seats, that led to more collegial and less partisan atmosphere. Unlike Speaker in the case of the House of Representatives, the affairs of Senate are collectively solved by the leader of the majority and the leader of the minority.

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Key Differences

  1. All members of House of Representatives are elected every year years while a one-third member of the Senate is elected every two years.
  2. For a person to be elected as a member of the House of Representatives, he/she must be of the age of twenty-five A person must be at lease of thirty years to be elected as the member of the Senate.
  3. House of Representatives members is elected on the basis of state’s population while two members are elected from each state in the case of Senate.
  4. Total elected members of the House of Representatives are 435 while the numbers of Senate are 100.
  5. In House of Representatives, the debate on any topic is limited to one hour while there is unanimous consent already shortens no such restriction in the case of Senate except the debate.
  6. House of Representatives normally deals with issues relating bills and impeachment while Senate normally confirms nominations, ratify treaties, and impeachment trials.
  7. Senate is like Upper House, and its working process is slower than that of the House of Representatives. House of Representatives is called as Lower House and responds quickly to the public issues because the members have a two-year
  8. Laws relating to revenue are a deal in the House of Representatives while those matters that affect the law in the long term are discussed in the Senate.
  9. House of Representatives has a Speaker elected by the members while Senate has no such designation. The majority and minority leader work together.
  10. Only that person is qualified for being elected as the member of House of Representatives if he has spent at least seven years as a U.S citizen in the United States. While time period is nine years in the case of a member of Senate.
  11. In the House of Representatives, the majority is all in all, and an individual or minority group cannot change the course of events. On the other hand, an individual member or minority group in Senate can change the course of events.
  12. House of Representatives doesn’t approve nominations while Senate approves candidates to office.
  13. Senate is a smaller institution as compared to the House of Representatives.
  14. In the House of Representatives, one party can win the majority in one election cycle, but same is not true in the case of Senate.