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Hominid vs. Hominin: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sawaira Riaz || Published on January 19, 2024
Hominid refers to family including humans, their ancestors, and great apes; Hominin refers to tribe specifically of humans and their direct ancestors.

Key Differences

Hominids are a broader family that includes all great apes and their ancestors. Hominins, in contrast, refer specifically to the tribe that includes modern humans, Homo sapiens, and their direct ancestors.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 19, 2024
Hominids encompass a wider range of species, including gorillas, chimpanzees, and orangutans. Hominins are more narrowly focused on the lineage that led directly to humans.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 19, 2024
The term hominid has evolved over time; previously, it was used in a way similar to the current definition of hominin. Hominins have always been characterized by their closer relation to humans than to other apes.
Huma Saeed
Jan 19, 2024
Hominids show a variety of evolutionary adaptations, including those not directly related to human evolution. Hominins are marked by adaptations more specifically relevant to human evolution, such as bipedalism.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 19, 2024
The study of hominids gives insights into the broader evolutionary history of great apes, including humans. Research on hominins is more focused on understanding the specific path of human evolution.
Janet White
Jan 19, 2024
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Comparison Chart

Inclusive Species

Great apes and their ancestors
Humans and direct ancestors
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 19, 2024

Evolutionary Focus

Broader ape evolution
Direct human evolution
Huma Saeed
Jan 19, 2024

Characteristic Features

Diverse, including non-human traits
More specific to human lineage
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 19, 2024

Scope

Wider range of species
Narrow, human-centric lineage
Harlon Moss
Jan 19, 2024

Research Relevance

Insights into ape evolution
Understanding human evolution
Harlon Moss
Jan 19, 2024
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Hominid and Hominin Definitions

Hominid

Broad category in primate evolution.
Studying hominids helps understand the evolution of intelligence.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 18, 2023

Hominin

Group including Homo sapiens and ancestors.
Hominin evolution is marked by the development of bipedalism.
Huma Saeed
Dec 18, 2023

Hominid

Members of the biological family Hominidae.
Chimpanzees are hominids, sharing a common ancestor with humans.
Janet White
Dec 18, 2023

Hominin

Tribe within Hominidae, closer to humans.
The discovery of hominin fossils is vital for understanding human ancestry.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 18, 2023

Hominid

Taxonomic group including humans and apes.
Hominid fossils provide clues about primate evolution.
Harlon Moss
Dec 18, 2023

Hominin

Classification for human lineage.
Hominins show a progression towards larger brain sizes.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 18, 2023

Hominid

Family group in anthropology and biology.
Orangutans are hominids with unique arboreal adaptations.
Harlon Moss
Dec 18, 2023

Hominin

Narrow category focused on human evolution.
The study of hominins sheds light on the origins of language.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 18, 2023

Hominid

Classification encompassing all great apes.
Gorillas, as hominids, exhibit complex social behaviors.
Harlon Moss
Dec 18, 2023

Hominin

Humans and their direct evolutionary ancestors.
Early hominins were adept at using primitive tools.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 18, 2023

Hominid

Any of various primates of the family Hominidae, which includes orangutans, gorillas, chimpanzees, and modern humans, and their extinct relatives. The family formerly included only Homo sapiens, extinct species of Homo, and the extinct genus Australopithecus.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 17, 2023

Hominin

Any of various primates of the tribe Hominini, including Australopithecus, other Pliocene and Pleistocene human relatives, and Homo sapiens, the only extant species. The hominins were formerly referred to as hominids.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 17, 2023

Hominid

Any primate of the taxonomic family Hominidae, which includes all the great apes (chimpanzees, gorillas, orangutans) as well as humans.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 17, 2023

Hominin

(palaeontology) Any member of the taxonomic tribe Hominini, the evolutionary group that includes modern humans and now-extinct bipedal relatives.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 17, 2023

Hominid

Of the Hominidae.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 17, 2023

Hominid

A primate of the family Hominidae
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 17, 2023

Hominid

Characterizing the family Hominidae, which includes Homo sapiens sapiens as well as extinct species of manlike creatures
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 17, 2023

FAQs

What distinguishes hominins from other hominids?

Hominins are more closely related to humans.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 19, 2024

Are all humans considered hominins?

Yes, all modern humans are hominins.
Harlon Moss
Jan 19, 2024

What are hominins?

A tribe specifically of humans and their direct ancestors.
Huma Saeed
Jan 19, 2024

Which species are included in hominids?

Gorillas, chimpanzees, orangutans, and humans.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 19, 2024

What is a significant evolutionary trait of hominins?

Bipedalism and larger brain size are significant traits.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 19, 2024

Can hominids be bipedal?

While some hominids show bipedal traits, it's a key characteristic of hominins.
Janet White
Jan 19, 2024

How old are the oldest hominin fossils?

The oldest hominin fossils date back over 6 million years.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 19, 2024

What are hominids?

A family including humans, great apes, and their ancestors.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 19, 2024

Is tool use exclusive to hominins?

While advanced tool use is a hominin trait, some other hominids also use basic tools.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 19, 2024

How does studying hominins help in anthropology?

It provides specific insights into human ancestry and evolution.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 19, 2024

What are the dietary differences between hominids and hominins?

Hominins tend to have more diverse diets, adapting over time.
Harlon Moss
Jan 19, 2024

Can hominids and hominins interbreed?

There's evidence of interbreeding between some hominin species.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 19, 2024

Are Neanderthals considered hominins?

Yes, Neanderthals are classified as hominins.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 19, 2024

What's the difference in brain size between hominids and hominins?

Hominins generally exhibit a trend towards larger brain sizes compared to other hominids.
Janet White
Jan 19, 2024

How do hominids contribute to understanding human evolution?

They provide a broader context for the evolution of great apes, including humans.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 19, 2024

How do hominids help in understanding primate behavior?

They offer a wider perspective on the evolution of social and cognitive traits.
Harlon Moss
Jan 19, 2024

Are all hominins extinct except for humans?

Yes, Homo sapiens are the only surviving hominins.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 19, 2024

Do hominids include extinct species?

Yes, both extinct and extant great apes are hominids.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 19, 2024

Are bonobos considered hominids or hominins?

Bonobos are hominids, not hominins.
Janet White
Jan 19, 2024

Are hominins exclusively bipedal?

Bipedalism is a defining trait of hominins, though early hominins may have also climbed.
Harlon Moss
Jan 19, 2024
About Author
Written by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

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