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Hexane vs. Cyclohexane: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sumera Saeed || Published on December 27, 2023
Hexane is a straight-chain alkane with six carbon atoms (C6H14), while cyclohexane is a cyclic alkane composed of a ring of six carbon atoms (C6H12).

Key Differences

Hexane is a linear alkane with a continuous chain of six carbon atoms. Cyclohexane, in contrast, has its six carbon atoms arranged in a ring structure.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 27, 2023
Both hexane and cyclohexane have carbon and hydrogen, but their formulas differ. Hexane has the chemical formula C6H14, indicating that it has 14 hydrogen atoms. Cyclohexane's formula is C6H12, with 12 hydrogen atoms.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 27, 2023
Hexane is a colorless liquid at room temperature with a slightly disagreeable odor. Cyclohexane also is a colorless liquid but differs slightly in boiling and melting points due to its cyclic structure.
Huma Saeed
Dec 27, 2023
Hexane is widely used as a solvent in the extraction of edible oils from seeds, whereas cyclohexane is primarily used as a solvent in chemical synthesis and as a raw material in the manufacture of nylon.
Harlon Moss
Dec 27, 2023
In chemical reactions, hexane's linear structure makes it less reactive compared to cyclohexane, which, due to its cyclic structure, participates in reactions typical of cyclic compounds, like ring-opening reactions.
Harlon Moss
Dec 27, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Structural Formula

Linear chain of C atoms
Ring structure of C atoms
Sumera Saeed
Dec 27, 2023

Chemical Formula

C6H14
C6H12
Sumera Saeed
Dec 27, 2023

Boiling Point

Around 69°C
Around 81°C
Sumera Saeed
Dec 27, 2023

Reactivity

Less reactive (linear structure)
More reactive (cyclic structure)
Janet White
Dec 27, 2023

Primary Use

Solvent in oil extraction
Solvent, nylon production
Harlon Moss
Dec 27, 2023
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Hexane and Cyclohexane Definitions

Hexane

Hexane is a hydrocarbon with six carbon atoms.
Hexane is often used in laboratories as a non-polar solvent.
Harlon Moss
Dec 08, 2023

Cyclohexane

Cyclohexane is used in the production of nylon.
The manufacture of nylon involves the conversion of cyclohexane.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Hexane

Hexane is a component of gasoline.
Gasoline contains hexane which contributes to its high energy content.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Cyclohexane

Cyclohexane is a cyclic alkane with a ring of six carbon atoms.
Cyclohexane is used as a solvent in many organic syntheses.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Hexane

Hexane is used in food industry for oil extraction.
Hexane efficiently extracts oil from soybeans and other seeds.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 08, 2023

Cyclohexane

Cyclohexane has a distinct geometric ring structure.
The ring structure of cyclohexane is a subject of study in organic chemistry.
Harlon Moss
Dec 08, 2023

Hexane

Hexane is a volatile, colorless liquid.
The hexane evaporated quickly when left uncovered.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 08, 2023

Cyclohexane

Cyclohexane is a colorless and flammable liquid.
Cyclohexane must be handled with care due to its flammable nature.
Huma Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Hexane

Hexane is a member of the alkane series.
As an alkane, hexane reacts with halogens under suitable conditions.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 08, 2023

Cyclohexane

Cyclohexane is less dense than water.
Cyclohexane floats on water due to its lower density.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Hexane

Any of several isomeric colorless flammable liquid hydrocarbons, C6H14, derived from the fractional distillation of petroleum and used as a solvent and as a working fluid in low-temperature thermometers.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 07, 2023

Cyclohexane

A flammable, colorless, mobile liquid cycloalkane, C6H12, obtained from petroleum and benzene and used in the manufacture of nylon and as a solvent, a paint remover, and a varnish remover.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 07, 2023

Hexane

(organic compound) Any of five isomeric aliphatic hydrocarbons, C6H14. They are colorless, volatile liquids.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 07, 2023

Cyclohexane

(organic compound) An alicyclic hydrocarbon, C6H12, consisting of a ring of six carbon atoms; a volatile liquid.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 07, 2023

Hexane

Any one of five hydrocarbons, C6H14, of the paraffin series. They are colorless, volatile liquids, and are so called because the molecule has six carbon atoms.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 07, 2023

Hexane

A colorless flammable liquid alkane derived from petroleum and used as a solvent
Sumera Saeed
Dec 07, 2023

FAQs

What is cyclohexane?

Cyclohexane is a cyclic alkane with six carbon atoms.
Huma Saeed
Dec 27, 2023

Are hexane and cyclohexane isomers?

No, they are not isomers; they have different chemical formulas.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 27, 2023

Is cyclohexane flammable?

Yes, cyclohexane is highly flammable.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 27, 2023

What is hexane?

Hexane is a hydrocarbon with a six-carbon chain.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 27, 2023

Can hexane dissolve in water?

No, hexane is non-polar and does not dissolve in water.
Janet White
Dec 27, 2023

What are the uses of cyclohexane?

Cyclohexane is used in chemical synthesis and nylon production.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 27, 2023

Is hexane toxic?

Yes, hexane can be toxic and should be handled with care.
Janet White
Dec 27, 2023

How is hexane produced?

Hexane is obtained from the distillation of petroleum.
Harlon Moss
Dec 27, 2023

What are the uses of hexane?

Hexane is used as a solvent in industries and laboratories.
Harlon Moss
Dec 27, 2023

Is cyclohexane more reactive than hexane?

Yes, due to its cyclic structure, cyclohexane is more reactive.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 27, 2023

How is cyclohexane produced?

Cyclohexane is produced from benzene through hydrogenation.
Harlon Moss
Dec 27, 2023

Does cyclohexane have a straight-chain structure?

No, cyclohexane has a cyclic ring structure.
Janet White
Dec 27, 2023

What is the boiling point of hexane?

The boiling point of hexane is around 69°C.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 27, 2023

Can hexane be used in food production?

Yes, hexane is used in extracting oils from seeds in food production.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 27, 2023

Is cyclohexane soluble in water?

No, cyclohexane is not soluble in water.
Janet White
Dec 27, 2023

Does hexane have a ring structure?

No, hexane has a linear chain structure.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 27, 2023

What is the boiling point of cyclohexane?

The boiling point of cyclohexane is around 81°C.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 27, 2023

Are hexane and cyclohexane environmentally friendly?

Both can have environmental impacts and should be used responsibly.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 27, 2023

What are the physical properties of hexane?

Hexane is a colorless, volatile liquid with a slight odor.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 27, 2023

What are the physical properties of cyclohexane?

Cyclohexane is a colorless, flammable liquid with a sweet odor.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 27, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

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