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Hall Effect vs. Quantum Hall Effect: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Janet White || Published on December 13, 2023
The Hall effect is the generation of voltage across an electrical conductor in a magnetic field, while the Quantum Hall effect is a quantum version observed at very low temperatures and strong magnetic fields, showing quantized Hall conductance.

Key Differences

The Hall effect occurs when a magnetic field is applied perpendicular to the flow of electric current in a conductor, creating a voltage across the conductor. The Quantum Hall effect, however, is observed in two-dimensional electron systems at very low temperatures and under strong magnetic fields, demonstrating quantized Hall conductance.
The Hall effect is a fundamental phenomenon in classical physics and is used in various sensors and measuring devices. The Quantum Hall effect is a quantum mechanical phenomenon that provides precise measurements of the fundamental constants and is key in the study of condensed matter physics.
In the Hall effect, the voltage generated is proportional to the magnetic field and current. In contrast, the Quantum Hall effect exhibits plateaus in the Hall conductance, which are integer or fractional multiples of a fundamental constant, indicating quantized conductance.
The Hall effect has practical applications in position sensing and current measuring devices. The Quantum Hall effect is significant in the theoretical understanding of quantum mechanics and has been influential in the development of the quantum theory of matter.
The Hall effect can be observed at room temperature and in a variety of materials. The Quantum Hall effect requires extremely low temperatures and high magnetic fields, typically observed in semiconductors or graphene.

Comparison Chart


Classical physics phenomenon
Quantum mechanical phenomenon


Observed at various temperatures
Requires extremely low temperatures

Magnetic Field Strength

Observed in normal magnetic fields
Requires strong magnetic fields


Sensors, measuring devices
Fundamental constants, theoretical physics


Proportional to magnetic field and current
Shows quantized conductance plateaus

Hall Effect and Quantum Hall Effect Definitions

Hall Effect

A physical effect exploited in magnetic levitation and control systems.
Hall effect devices are critical in magnetic levitation trains.

Quantum Hall Effect

Shows resistance plateaus correlating to fundamental physical constants.
Resistance plateaus in the Quantum Hall effect are used to measure the fine-structure constant.

Hall Effect

Generation of a voltage across a conductor when a magnetic field is applied perpendicular to the current.
The Hall effect sensor in your smartphone detects magnetic fields.

Quantum Hall Effect

Observed in two-dimensional electron systems, like in graphene.
Graphene exhibits the Quantum Hall effect even at room temperature under high magnetic fields.

Hall Effect

A principle used in various electronic devices for position and motion sensing.
Modern automobiles utilize Hall effect sensors for ABS systems.

Quantum Hall Effect

A quantum mechanical version of the Hall effect, observed at low temperatures and high magnetic fields.
The Quantum Hall effect is used to define standards for electrical resistance.

Hall Effect

Basis for creating Hall effect transducers and sensors.
Hall effect transducers measure direct current in electrical circuits.

Quantum Hall Effect

A phenomenon crucial for the understanding of topological phases of matter.
The Quantum Hall effect is studied in condensed matter physics to understand electron behavior.

Hall Effect

A phenomenon used in the measurement of magnetic field strength.
Hall effect probes are essential in laboratory experiments involving electromagnetism.

Quantum Hall Effect

Exhibits quantized Hall conductance in certain materials.
The discovery of the Quantum Hall effect led to deeper insights into quantum mechanics.


How are the Hall effect and Quantum Hall effect different?

The Hall effect is a classical phenomenon observed at room temperature, while the Quantum Hall effect is a quantum phenomenon requiring extreme conditions.

What does the Quantum Hall effect demonstrate?

It demonstrates quantized Hall conductance and helps in understanding quantum mechanics.

What is the Hall effect?

The Hall effect is the production of voltage across an electrical conductor in a magnetic field.

Why is the Quantum Hall effect important?

It's important for precision measurements of fundamental constants and theoretical physics.

What is the Quantum Hall effect?

The Quantum Hall effect is a quantum phenomenon showing quantized Hall conductance under low temperatures and high magnetic fields.

What kind of materials exhibit the Quantum Hall effect?

Two-dimensional electron systems like in semiconductors or graphene.

Can the Hall effect be used in everyday devices?

Yes, it's used in smartphones, cars, and various electronic devices.

Can the Hall effect be used for motion sensing?

Yes, it's used in motion sensors and magnetic levitation systems.

Where is the Hall effect used?

It's used in sensors, measuring devices, and position detectors.

Is the Hall effect temperature-dependent?

It can be observed at various temperatures, unlike the Quantum Hall effect.

How does temperature affect the Quantum Hall effect?

It requires extremely low temperatures for observation.

What practical applications does the Quantum Hall effect have?

It's used in defining standards for electrical resistance and in advanced theoretical research.

What is a Hall effect sensor?

A device that uses the Hall effect to measure magnetic field strength or proximity.

Why do researchers study the Quantum Hall effect?

To gain insights into quantum mechanics and topological aspects of matter.

What role does magnetic field strength play in these effects?

It's crucial; stronger fields are required for the Quantum Hall effect.

How has the Quantum Hall effect influenced physics?

It has significantly advanced the understanding of quantum states and topological properties of matter.

How is the Hall effect related to electromagnetism?

It directly demonstrates the interaction between magnetic fields and electric currents.

Can the Hall effect be used in automotive technology?

Yes, particularly in ABS systems and electronic ignition systems.

Is the Quantum Hall effect observable in all materials?

No, it requires specific materials and extreme conditions.

Are there different types of Hall effects?

Yes, including the classical Hall effect and various quantum Hall effects.
About Author
Written by
Janet White
Janet White has been an esteemed writer and blogger for Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Science and Medical Journalism from the prestigious Boston University, she has consistently demonstrated her expertise and passion for her field. When she's not immersed in her work, Janet relishes her time exercising, delving into a good book, and cherishing moments with friends and family.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

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