General

Difference Between Fundamental Rights and Human Rights

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Main Difference

The main difference between Fundamental Rights and Human Rights is that Fundamental Rights are basic rights and specific to every country, whereas Human Rights are basic, and absolute rights remain constant throughout the world.

Fundamental Rights vs. Human Rights

Fundamental rights are the basic rights of every citizen in a country, while human rights are the rights of every human being. Fundamental rights arose from democratic societies; on the other hand, human rights are ideas of civilized nations. Fundamental rights are basic rights, whereas human rights are primary and indivisible rights.

Fundamental rights are specific to every region; on the other hand, human rights are the same in every region. Fundamental rights are rights of liberty, either to live or to express, while human rights are the rights to life. Laws and judiciary systems protect fundamental rights; on the converse, the United Nations enforce human rights. Constitution provides a guarantee of fundamental rights, whereas International Human Rights Law is a protective shield of human rights. The government enforces fundamental rights; on the other hand, the international organization directs the government to implement human rights in a region.

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Comparison Chart

Fundamental RightsHuman Rights
The Basic Rights of citizens defined by the constitution and law are fundamental rights.The Basic rights that all human beings have are human rights.
Origin
Ideas from a democratic societyIdeas of civilized nations
Comprise
Only basic rightsBasic and absolute rights
Scope
Specific to every countryUniversal
Principle
Right of freedomRight of life
Implementation
By law and judiciaryBy United Nations
Guarantee
ConstitutionInternational Human Rights Law
Government
The direct roleCannot play a direct role

What are the Fundamental Rights?

The rights-based on the constitution and enforced by the Government are called fundamental rights. These rights are designed differently in a region and vary in every country. Fundamental rights are of no use if they will not enforce. With time, the lawmakers made a lot of amendments in the constitution following the present situation and criteria. No one can ignore fundamental rights. A person can file a case in court if either government or a private sector denies his rights. It includes the public trial right, right of collection of pieces of evidence, and many more.

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These rights include the safety of a person. A person has a right to live and enjoy freedom. Nobody can deprive him of its accordance with the law: slavery, labor, and things like these banned by statute. Every person has freedom of association, movement, and assembly. Every person has the freedom to access information related to public matters. All people are equal under the defined laws. The citizens can cast a vote.

Equality is implemented in all regards because it leads to a better society. For the eradication of selfishness in society, there should be a democratic government that ruled by people votes. Freedom of communication is a fundamental right. Exchange of information is allowed; freedom of speech is essential by the law. The purpose of fundamentals laws is to create harmony and social balance in the community.

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What are Human Rights?

Human rights are rights of all humans’ beings, ignoring their nationality, gender, residency, national or ethnic region, language, faith, skin tone, or any other parameter. Without any discrimination, all human beings own these rights. These rights are inherited and undeniable. International laws lead to expression and their guarantee, in support of treaties, international customary law, and some principles. The international organization makes it assure that the government should implement these laws to save the community from illegal actions.

Human rights are fundamental and universal rights, the core of international human rights law. In 1948, these laws were declared the first time and repeated in many conferences, resolutions, and other platforms. These rights are undeniable but can be taken in certain conditions as if a person is guilty of the crime or any illegal act; his liberty finishes for a specified period. These rights are not dependent and inseparable. These rights include freedom of life, expression, right to work, economic, religious, and cultural rights. Education, social safety, rights to success, and self-determination all are independent.

There is a principle of no-discrimination defined by international human rights law, stated as all humans are born free and have respect to be treated equally. The policy is applied, ignoring the fact that people belong to which caste, color, race, and nation. Some organizations that are working for the conservation of human rights are civil rights defenders, global rights, every human has rights, GIRCA, International Red Cross, And Red Crescent Movement, IPHR, JUSTICE, and UN watch.

Key Differences

  1. Fundamental rights are the rights of every citizen of a country, whereas human rights are the rights of every human inherit after born.
  2. Fundamental rights originated from democratic ideas; on the flip side, human rights arose from civilized nations.
  3. Fundamental rights are the basic rights of people; conversely, human rights are interdependent and absolute rights.
  4. Fundamental rights are specified for every region; on the other hand, human rights are all the same throughout the world.
  5. Fundamental rights have a principle that every person has the right to freedom, while the principle of human rights is that every person has the power and privilege of life.
  6. The judiciary system and laws enforce fundamental rights in the country; on the flip side, the United Nations implement human rights.
  7. Fundamental rights are guaranteed by constitutional laws; on the other hand, the guarantee of human rights in international human rights law.
  8. Fundamental rights are enforced by the government; conversely, international organizations direct the government to ensure human rights in specific regions.

Conclusion

Fundamental Rights and Human Rights are basic rights. Fundamental Rights are rights that every citizen of a country own and enforced by constitutional laws. Human Rights are fundamental and indivisible rights implemented by the United Nations.

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson

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