Difference Wiki

Discrimination vs. Racism: What's the Difference?

Edited by Sawaira Riaz || By Sumera Saeed || Updated on October 20, 2023
Discrimination is unjust treatment based on various categories; racism is discrimination based on race or ethnicity.

Key Differences

Discrimination refers to the unfair or prejudicial treatment of people based on certain characteristics, such as age, gender, or disability. Racism, on the other hand, is a specific form of discrimination based on race or ethnicity.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 20, 2023
Both concepts are harmful, though they manifest in distinct ways. While discrimination can encompass a wide range of behaviors, racism specifically deals with prejudices and biases against racial groups. In practice, racism is a subset of discrimination, indicating that all acts of racism are discriminatory, but not all acts of discrimination are racist.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 20, 2023
For instance, not hiring someone because they're elderly is discrimination, but not necessarily racism. Conversely, not hiring someone due to their skin color is both discrimination and racism.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 20, 2023

Comparison Chart

Definition

Unfair treatment based on various categories
Discrimination specifically based on race
Sumera Saeed
Oct 20, 2023

Scope

Broader (covers race, gender, age, etc.)
Narrower (focuses only on racial prejudice)
Sumera Saeed
Oct 20, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Examples

Based on gender, age, disability, etc.
Based on skin color, ethnicity, etc.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 20, 2023

Related Concepts

Sexism, ageism, ableism
Ethnocentrism, xenophobia
Aimie Carlson
Oct 20, 2023

Common Manifestation

Workplace bias, social exclusion
Racial slurs, belief in racial superiority
Sumera Saeed
Oct 20, 2023

Discrimination and Racism Definitions

Discrimination

Discrimination is bias or prejudice resulting in denial of opportunity.
She faced discrimination because of her disability.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 20, 2023

Racism

Racism is a policy or system of government based on racial segregation.
Apartheid in South Africa was a clear manifestation of institutional racism.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 20, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Discrimination

Discrimination is the unjust treatment of different categories of people.
Age discrimination in the workplace is illegal.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 20, 2023

Racism

Racism is the hatred or intolerance of another race.
His comments revealed a deep-seated racism.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 20, 2023

Discrimination

Discrimination is the ability to discern what is of high quality.
He has a fine discrimination for art.
Harlon Moss
Oct 20, 2023

Racism

Racism is prejudice or discrimination directed against someone of a different race.
He faced racism at every turn in his new town.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 20, 2023

Discrimination

Discrimination is recognizing and understanding the difference between one thing and another.
Her keen sense of discrimination helps in making business decisions.
Harlon Moss
Oct 20, 2023

Racism

Racism is the belief in the superiority of one race over another.
The book delved into the origins of racism in society.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 20, 2023

Discrimination

Discrimination is a distinction in favor of or against a person or thing.
The policy seemed to be one of clear gender discrimination.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 20, 2023

Racism

Racism is the belief that characteristics and abilities can be attributed to people based on their race.
The idea that certain races are inherently smarter is a form of racism.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 20, 2023

Discrimination

The act of discriminating.
Sumera Saeed
Jun 27, 2017

Racism

The belief that race accounts for differences in human character or ability and that a particular race is superior to others.
Sumera Saeed
Jun 27, 2017

FAQs

What are some examples of discrimination?

Not hiring someone due to age or excluding someone because of their religion are examples of discrimination.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 20, 2023

What is racism?

Racism is a form of discrimination based specifically on race or ethnicity.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 20, 2023

How does institutional racism differ from individual racism?

Institutional racism is systemic and embedded in organizations, while individual racism comes from personal beliefs and actions.
Harlon Moss
Oct 20, 2023

Can a single act be both discriminatory and racist?

Yes, if it involves unfair treatment based on both a non-racial category and race.
Harlon Moss
Oct 20, 2023

Are racism and ethnocentrism the same?

No, while both involve superiority beliefs, racism is based on race, and ethnocentrism is based on culture or nationality.
Sara Rehman
Oct 20, 2023

Can societies overcome discrimination and racism?

With education, awareness, and structural changes, societies can reduce and combat both discrimination and racism.
Sara Rehman
Oct 20, 2023

What is discrimination?

Discrimination is the unfair treatment of people based on certain characteristics like age, gender, or race.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 20, 2023

Can discrimination occur outside of race?

Yes, discrimination can occur based on gender, age, religion, disability, and many other factors.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 20, 2023

What are some examples of racism?

Racial slurs, belief in racial superiority, or not hiring someone due to their skin color are examples of racism.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 20, 2023

What are some common misconceptions about discrimination?

One misconception is that discrimination only pertains to major, overt actions, when subtle biases also count.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 20, 2023

Is racism always intentional?

No, sometimes individuals may exhibit racist behavior or biases without being aware of it.
Harlon Moss
Oct 20, 2023

How is racism perpetuated in society?

Through media, upbringing, stereotypes, and systemic structures, among other means.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 20, 2023

Why is understanding the difference between discrimination and racism important?

To effectively address and combat each issue, it's essential to understand their distinct characteristics.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 20, 2023

How can individuals combat discrimination and racism?

By educating themselves, challenging biases, and promoting inclusivity and understanding in their communities.
Harlon Moss
Oct 20, 2023

Is all racism a form of discrimination?

Yes, all racism is discriminatory, but not all discrimination is racist.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 20, 2023

Are there laws against discrimination and racism?

Yes, many countries have laws prohibiting various forms of discrimination, including racism.
Harlon Moss
Oct 20, 2023

Is discrimination always negative?

While often negative, the term can also refer to discerning differences without bias, as in "taste discrimination."
Janet White
Oct 20, 2023

Can someone be unintentionally discriminatory?

Yes, individuals can exhibit discriminatory behavior or biases without being aware of it.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 20, 2023

What are the societal impacts of racism?

Racism can lead to economic disparities, health inequities, and social tension among communities.
Harlon Moss
Oct 20, 2023

What's the difference between discrimination and prejudice?

Prejudice is a preconceived opinion, while discrimination is acting on those opinions.
Sara Rehman
Oct 20, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.

Trending Comparisons

Popular Comparisons

New Comparisons