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Chloroprene vs. Neoprene: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Janet White || Updated on October 27, 2023
Chloroprene is the monomer, or raw material, used to produce the polymer Neoprene, which is a synthetic rubber.

Key Differences

Chloroprene, a colorless liquid with a pungent odor, is the chemical compound 2-chlorobutadiene and is used as the monomer in the production of the polymer Neoprene, a form of synthetic rubber renowned for its versatile properties.
Neoprene is the result of the polymerization of Chloroprene and showcases a variety of beneficial characteristics, including excellent chemical stability and flexibility over a wide temperature range, distinguishing it from Chloroprene, which requires processing to achieve these properties.
In its raw form, Chloroprene is not suitable for direct use in industrial applications, unlike Neoprene, which, due to its manufacturing process, exhibits enhanced material properties including durability, resistance to oils, chemicals, and heat, making it ideal for use in products like wet suits, laptop sleeves, and orthopedic braces.
The production process of Neoprene involves the polymerization of Chloroprene, transforming the liquid monomer into a solid, rubbery substance that possesses the elasticity, water and weather resistance, and resilience required for demanding environments, qualities not inherent in Chloroprene itself.
Despite their relatedness, Chloroprene and Neoprene serve distinctly different roles; Chloroprene acts as the foundational building block in the synthesis process, whereas Neoprene, the final product, is utilized extensively in various industries due to its superior performance characteristics.

Comparison Chart

Substance Type



Solid (rubber-like)

Direct Usage

Used as a raw material
Used in various products and applications


Requires processing
Durable, flexible, resistant


Limited to industrial synthesis
Wide-ranging across industries

Chloroprene and Neoprene Definitions


A colorless liquid compound used in synthetic rubber production.
The factory stores large amounts of chloroprene for rubber production.


A flexible and durable polymer used in diverse applications.
The mechanic recommended using neoprene gaskets for better performance.


A chemical primarily used in the production of polychloroprene or neoprene rubber.
Without chloroprene, the manufacture of neoprene products would be impossible.


A synthetic rubber that's resistant to oil, heat, and weathering.
My wetsuit is made of neoprene, which provides thermal insulation.


A volatile and flammable substance used industrially.
Special care is required when transporting chloroprene because of its volatility.


A material created by the polymerization of chloroprene.
Neoprene's unique properties stem from the chemical structure of chloroprene.


The monomer of neoprene, known chemically as 2-chlorobutadiene.
Chloroprene is essential in creating various synthetic rubber products.


A polymer offering chemical stability across a broad temperature range.
Neoprene hoses are used in the industry because they withstand harsh conditions.


An organochlorine compound used as a raw material.
Chloroprene is the main ingredient needed for neoprene synthesis.


A versatile synthetic rubber used in electronic, aquatic, and athletic equipment.
Due to its water-resistant properties, neoprene is perfect for laptop sleeves.


A colorless liquid, C4H5Cl, that polymerizes to neoprene.


A synthetic rubber produced by polymerization of chloroprene and used in weather-resistant products, adhesives, shoe soles, sportswear, paints, and rocket fuels.


(organic compound) The chlorinated derivative of butadiene 2-chloro-1,3-butadiene that is used (via polymerization) in the manufacture of synthetic rubber.


A synthetic rubber, a polymer of chloroprene, commonly used in wetsuits, laptop sleeves, orthopedic braces, electrical insulation, liquid and sheet-applied elastomeric membranes and flashings, car fan belts, etc.


Derivative of butadiene used in making neoprene by polymerization


A synthetic rubber that is resistant to oils and aging; used in waterproof products


Can neoprene be recycled?

Yes, neoprene can be recycled, though the process is specialized.

Is chloroprene naturally occurring?

No, chloroprene is a synthetic compound manufactured industrially.

What is chloroprene's role in neoprene production?

Chloroprene is the monomer that, when polymerized, forms neoprene.

What are the dangers of chloroprene exposure?

Exposure can cause respiratory issues, skin irritation, and other health risks.

Is neoprene eco-friendly?

Neoprene production has environmental impacts, but eco-friendlier versions exist.

Can neoprene cause allergies?

Rarely, but some people may have a sensitivity or allergy to neoprene.

What's the state of chloroprene at room temperature?

It's a volatile, colorless liquid with a pungent odor.

Why is neoprene preferred for protective clothing?

Its durability and resistance to elements make neoprene ideal for protective wear.

Can chloroprene be used for rubber other than neoprene?

Primarily, it's used for neoprene, but variations may exist in specialized contexts.

Is neoprene breathable?

No, it's non-breathable, which is why it's used for waterproofing.

How is chloroprene handled safely?

With protective gear, adequate ventilation, and adherence to safety protocols.

Does neoprene contain latex?

No, neoprene is a synthetic rubber without natural latex.

Is chloroprene used in any products directly?

No, it's a raw material and must be polymerized into neoprene for product use.

How does neoprene react to extreme temperatures?

It maintains stability and flexibility in a wide temperature range.

How is chloroprene made?

Through the chlorination of butadiene.

Are there alternatives to neoprene?

Yes, materials like TPE, TPU, and natural rubbers are alternatives.

Is chloroprene a final product?

No, it's a raw material used in the synthesis of final products like neoprene.

What industries heavily rely on neoprene?

Automotive, electronics, sports, fashion, and more due to its versatile properties.

What's the primary use of chloroprene?

Producing neoprene rubber through polymerization.

What are the common forms of neoprene products?

Sheets, foams, and molded shapes for various applications.
About Author
Written by
Janet White
Janet White has been an esteemed writer and blogger for Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Science and Medical Journalism from the prestigious Boston University, she has consistently demonstrated her expertise and passion for her field. When she's not immersed in her work, Janet relishes her time exercising, delving into a good book, and cherishing moments with friends and family.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

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