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Enactment vs. Implementation: What's the Difference?

By Harlon Moss & Aimie Carlson || Updated on May 20, 2024
Enactment refers to the process of making a law or regulation official, while implementation involves putting that law or regulation into effect and ensuring it is followed.

Key Differences

Enactment is the formal process by which a legislative body passes a law or regulation. This involves drafting, debating, and finally approving the legislation. Implementation, on the other hand, comes after a law has been enacted. It involves the practical steps and measures taken to put the law into action. Implementation ensures that the provisions of the law are carried out as intended, involving various administrative and operational activities.
Enactment focuses on the legislative aspect, where the primary actors are lawmakers and legislative bodies. This process often includes multiple readings, amendments, and voting procedures before a law is finalized. Implementation is more about the execution and administration of the law, involving government agencies, public institutions, and sometimes private organizations. It requires detailed planning, resource allocation, and monitoring to ensure the law's objectives are achieved.
Enactment is the legislative approval of laws, while implementation is the administrative execution of these laws. Both processes are essential for a law to have an effect, with enactment being the initial step and implementation being the follow-through to achieve the desired outcomes.

Comparison Chart


The process of passing a law
The process of putting a law into effect


Lawmakers, legislative bodies
Government agencies, public institutions


Legal authorization
Practical execution


Drafting, debating, approving
Planning, executing, monitoring


Before a law becomes official
After a law is enacted

Enactment and Implementation Definitions


The legal process of passing statutes.
Enactment procedures vary between different countries.


The execution of a plan, law, or policy.
The implementation of the new curriculum required extensive teacher training.


The process of making a bill into a law.
The enactment of the new policy took several months of debate.


The practical application of a law.
Successful implementation is key to the law's effectiveness.


The formal approval of legislation.
The enactment was celebrated as a victory for environmental advocates.


The administrative and operational activities to enforce a law.
Implementation of the health guidelines started immediately after enactment.


The completion of legislative procedures to make a law.
The final enactment occurred with a unanimous vote.


The act of putting something into action.
The implementation of the software update improved system performance.


The act of enacting.


The process of ensuring compliance with a new law.
The implementation involved setting up new regulatory bodies.


The state of being enacted.


A tool, utensil, or other piece of equipment used in doing work
A gardening implement.


Something that has been enacted
"Dance itself is the enactment of an energy which must seem ... untrammeled, effortless, masterful" (Susan Sontag).


An article used to outfit or equip someone
Ecclesiastical implements.


The act of enacting, or the state of being enacted.
The actors' powerful enactment of the play was breathtaking.
The enactment of this law will be a great step backward for our country.


A means of achieving an end; an instrument or agent.


(law) A piece of legislation that has been properly authorized by a legislative body.
The enactments passed by the council that year included sweeping reforms.


To put into practical effect; carry out
Implement the new procedures.


(Malaysia) A law enacted by state legislatures of Malaysia.


To supply with implements.


The passing of a bill into a law; the giving of legislative sanction and executive approval to a bill whereby it is established as a law.


The process of moving an idea from concept to reality. In business, engineering and other fields, implementation refers to the building process rather than the design process.
Now that the requirements are complete we can move on to implementation.


That which is enacted or passed into a law; a law; a decree; a statute; a prescribed requirement; as, a prohibitory enactment; a social enactment.


(electronics) A result of implementing something; a finished product, system or device.
His implementation works, but it needs some fine-tuning.


The passing of a law by a legislative body


The act of accomplishing some aim or executing some order;
The agency was created for the implementation of the policy


A legal document codifying the result of deliberations of a committee or society or legislative body


The act of implementing (providing a practical means for accomplishing something); carrying into effect


Acting the part of a character on stage; dramaticially representing the character by speech and action and gesture


The phase where a legislative body officially adopts a law.
After the enactment, the law was published in the official gazette.


Who is responsible for implementation?

Government agencies, public institutions, and sometimes private organizations are responsible for implementation.

What is enactment?

Enactment is the process by which a legislative body formally approves a law or regulation.

What is implementation?

Implementation is the process of putting a law or policy into effect and ensuring it is carried out as intended.

Who is involved in the enactment process?

Lawmakers, legislative bodies, and sometimes interest groups are involved in the enactment process.

Can a law be implemented without enactment?

No, a law must be enacted before it can be implemented.

What happens if a law is not implemented correctly?

If a law is not implemented correctly, it may not achieve its intended goals and could be ineffective.

What activities are involved in enactment?

Drafting, debating, amending, and approving a bill are involved in enactment.

What activities are involved in implementation?

Planning, executing, monitoring, and ensuring compliance are involved in implementation.

Is enactment a legislative or administrative process?

Enactment is a legislative process.

Can a law fail after enactment?

Yes, a law can fail if it is not properly implemented.

What comes first, enactment or implementation?

Enactment comes first, followed by implementation.

What is the main focus of enactment?

The main focus of enactment is the legal authorization of a new law.

Why is implementation important?

Implementation is important because it ensures the law is put into practice effectively.

Is implementation a legislative or administrative process?

Implementation is an administrative process.

Can implementation be modified?

Yes, implementation can be modified to improve effectiveness or address challenges.

What is the main focus of implementation?

The main focus of implementation is the practical execution and enforcement of a law.

How long does implementation take?

The duration of implementation varies depending on the scope and requirements of the law.

How long does enactment take?

The duration of enactment varies depending on the legislative process and complexity of the law.

Can enactment be reversed?

Enactment can be reversed through repeal or amendment of the law.

Why is enactment important?

Enactment is important because it legally authorizes a new law or regulation.
About Author
Written by
Harlon Moss
Harlon is a seasoned quality moderator and accomplished content writer for Difference Wiki. An alumnus of the prestigious University of California, he earned his degree in Computer Science. Leveraging his academic background, Harlon brings a meticulous and informed perspective to his work, ensuring content accuracy and excellence.
Co-written by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

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