Difference Wiki

Calls in Arrears vs. Calls in Advance: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Harlon Moss || Published on November 27, 2023
Calls in arrears refer to unpaid called-up share capital, while calls in advance are payments made by shareholders before their due date.

Key Differences

Calls in arrears occur when shareholders fail to pay their share of the called-up capital by the due date, leading to overdue payments. Calls in advance, conversely, involve shareholders paying their share of the capital before the company has called for it.
Calls in arrears can indicate financial liquidity issues among shareholders and may affect the company’s cash flow. In contrast, calls in advance provide the company with early access to funds, potentially aiding liquidity and financial planning.
Calls in arrears are recorded as a liability on the company's balance sheet, showing outstanding amounts to be collected. On the other hand, calls in advance are recorded as an asset, representing prepayments that are not yet due.
Shareholders with calls in arrears may face penalties or even forfeiture of their shares. While, shareholders who make calls in advance might receive a small interest payment from the company as a reward for early payment.
The treatment of calls in arrears and calls in advance is governed by company law and the company's articles of association, which dictate the procedures and implications of both scenarios.

Comparison Chart


Unpaid share capital after the due date
Payments made before the capital call date

Financial Impact

Negative impact on cash flow
Positive impact on liquidity

Accounting Record

Liability on balance sheet
Asset on balance sheet

Shareholder Impact

Potential penalties or forfeiture
Possible interest earned

Legal Considerations

Governed by company law and penalties
Also governed by company law, may earn interest

Calls in Arrears and Calls in Advance Definitions

Calls in Arrears

Failure by shareholders to pay their portion of called-up capital on time.
Due to financial difficulties, some investors ended up with calls in arrears.

Calls in Advance

Share capital received before the company formally requests payment.
The board appreciated the shareholders' calls in advance, as it aided their financial planning.

Calls in Arrears

The amount of called-up capital that remains unpaid after the payment deadline.
Calls in arrears affected the company's projected cash flow.

Calls in Advance

Advance payments of called-up capital by investors.
The company's financial report showed a substantial amount of calls in advance.

Calls in Arrears

Overdue payments of share capital by shareholders.
The board discussed how to handle the increasing calls in arrears.

Calls in Advance

Payment made by shareholders for their shares before the due date.
The company received calls in advance, boosting its working capital.

Calls in Arrears

Unpaid portion of share capital that is past its due date.
The company's balance sheet showed a significant amount of calls in arrears from several shareholders.

Calls in Advance

Prepayment of share capital by shareholders before it is called up.
Calls in advance provided the company with unexpected liquidity.

Calls in Arrears

Outstanding share payments not received within the stipulated time.
To address the calls in arrears, the company considered legal actions against defaulting shareholders.

Calls in Advance

Early payment of share capital contributions by shareholders.
Shareholders who made calls in advance were promised a small interest return.


What happens if a shareholder has calls in arrears?

They may face penalties or forfeiture of shares.

How are calls in arrears recorded in accounting?

As a liability on the company’s balance sheet.

Do companies encourage calls in advance?

Some do, as it can aid in financial planning.

What are calls in arrears?

Unpaid share capital after the payment deadline.

Can calls in advance impact a company’s liquidity?

Yes, they provide early access to funds.

Can calls in arrears be converted to calls in advance?

No, they are distinct and treated differently.

Are there legal implications for calls in arrears?

Yes, governed by company law and the company’s articles of association.

How do calls in advance differ from calls in arrears?

Calls in advance are early payments, while calls in arrears are overdue payments.

Why might a shareholder make calls in advance?

To support the company or earn interest on prepayments.

How does a company notify shareholders of calls?

Through formal communication like letters or emails.

Are shareholders rewarded for making calls in advance?

They might receive interest as a reward.

Do calls in arrears affect a shareholder's rights?

Yes, it can lead to loss of voting rights or dividends.

What factors lead to calls in arrears?

Shareholder’s financial difficulties or oversight.

How often do companies experience calls in arrears?

It varies based on the company and economic conditions.

Can calls in arrears be written off?

It's possible but usually requires board approval.

What options do companies have for calls in arrears?

Legal action or negotiation for payment.

Is interest on calls in advance common?

It depends on the company's policy.

Are calls in advance considered a good financial practice?

For the company, they can be beneficial.

How do calls in arrears affect company cash flow?

They can lead to a shortfall in expected funds.

Is there a deadline for making calls in advance?

Generally, it's up to the company’s discretion.
About Author
Written by
Harlon Moss
Harlon is a seasoned quality moderator and accomplished content writer for Difference Wiki. An alumnus of the prestigious University of California, he earned his degree in Computer Science. Leveraging his academic background, Harlon brings a meticulous and informed perspective to his work, ensuring content accuracy and excellence.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

Trending Comparisons

Popular Comparisons

New Comparisons