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Boron vs. Borax: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sawaira Riaz || Published on January 14, 2024
Boron is a chemical element, while borax is a mineral compound containing boron.

Key Differences

Boron is a naturally occurring element found in the Earth's crust and various minerals. Borax, on the other hand, is a specific boron compound, also known as sodium borate, which is mined from evaporated lakes.
Huma Saeed
Jan 14, 2024
Boron is used in various industrial applications, including in fiberglass and ceramics. Borax is often used as a cleaning agent, antifungal, and an insecticide.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 14, 2024
In agriculture, boron is vital for plant growth and is applied in trace amounts. Borax, due to its boron content, is sometimes used in small quantities as a micronutrient fertilizer.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 14, 2024
Boron forms a range of compounds, each with unique properties. Borax is one of these compounds, recognizable for its crystalline structure and water solubility.
Harlon Moss
Jan 14, 2024
In the world of science, boron is of interest due to its unusual atomic structure. Borax is studied in chemistry for its role in making buffer solutions and as a precursor to other boron compounds.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 14, 2024
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Comparison Chart

Type

Element
Mineral Compound
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 14, 2024

Chemical Formula

B
Na2[B4O5(OH)4]·8H2O
Huma Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

Uses

In alloys, ceramics, glass production
Cleaning, insecticide, fungicide
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 14, 2024

Occurrence

In various minerals
In evaporated lake beds
Aimie Carlson
Jan 14, 2024

Importance

Essential for plant growth
Used as a micronutrient in agriculture
Janet White
Jan 14, 2024
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Boron and Borax Definitions

Boron

In plants, boron is an essential micronutrient.
A deficiency of boron can lead to stunted plant growth.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 23, 2023

Borax

Borax is commonly used as a household cleaning product.
Borax can remove tough stains from laundry.
Janet White
Dec 23, 2023

Boron

Boron can act as a semiconductor under certain conditions.
Boron doping is used in the manufacture of solar panels.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 23, 2023

Borax

In some cases, borax serves as a preservative.
Borax is used to preserve flowers and in taxidermy.
Harlon Moss
Dec 23, 2023

Boron

Boron forms various compounds, each with unique properties.
Boric acid, a compound of boron, is used as an antiseptic.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 23, 2023

Borax

Borax is effective as a natural insecticide.
Borax is used to control ant infestations in homes.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 23, 2023

Boron

Boron is added to steel and other alloys to enhance their properties.
Boron steel is notable for its high strength and light weight.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 23, 2023

Borax

Borax is used to create buffer solutions in biochemistry.
Borax buffers are used in DNA extraction processes.
Janet White
Dec 23, 2023

Boron

Boron is a chemical element with atomic number 5.
Boron is used to increase the hardness of steel.
Harlon Moss
Dec 23, 2023

Borax

Borax acts as a fungicide in certain applications.
Borax solutions can treat some plant fungal diseases.
Huma Saeed
Dec 23, 2023

Boron

A nonmetallic element that is amorphous and brown or crystalline and black, and is extracted chiefly from kernite and borax and used in flares, propellant mixtures, nuclear reactor control elements, abrasives, and hard metallic alloys. Atomic number 5; atomic weight 10.811; melting point 2,075°C; boiling point 4000°C; specific gravity (crystal) 2.34, (amorphous) 2.37; valence 3. See Periodic Table.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 19, 2023

Borax

A hydrated sodium borate, Na2B4O7·10H2O, an ore of boron, that is used as a cleaning compound.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 19, 2023

Boron

The chemical element (symbol B) with an atomic number of 5, which is a metalloid found in its pure form as a dark amorphous powder.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 19, 2023

Borax

Cheap merchandise, especially tasteless furnishings
"today's glinty borax" (New Yorker).
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 19, 2023

Boron

A single atom of this element.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 19, 2023

Borax

A white or gray/grey crystalline salt, with a slight alkaline taste, used as a flux, in soldering metals, making enamels, fixing colors/colours on porcelain, and as a soap, etc.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 19, 2023

Boron

A nonmetallic element occurring abundantly in borax. It is reduced with difficulty to the free state, when it can be obtained in several different forms; viz., as a substance of a deep olive color, in a semimetallic form, and in colorless quadratic crystals similar to the diamond in hardness and other properties. It occurs in nature also in boracite, datolite, tourmaline, and some other minerals. Atomic number 5. Atomic weight 10.81. Symbol B.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 19, 2023

Borax

(chemistry) The sodium salt of boric acid, Na2B4O7, either anhydrous or with 5 or 10 molecules of water of crystallization; sodium tetraborate.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 19, 2023

Boron

A trivalent metalloid element; occurs both in a hard black crystal and in the form of a yellow or brown powder
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 19, 2023

Borax

Cheap or tawdry furniture or other works of industrial design.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 19, 2023

Borax

(transitive) To treat with borax.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 19, 2023

Borax

A white or gray crystalline salt, with a slight alkaline taste, used as a flux, in soldering metals, making enamels, fixing colors on porcelain, and as a soap. It occurs native in certain mineral springs, and is made from the boric acid of hot springs in Tuscany. It was originally obtained from a lake in Thibet, and was sent to Europe under the name of tincal. Borax is a pyroborate or tetraborate of sodium, Na2B4O7.10H2O.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 19, 2023

Borax

An ore of boron consisting of hydrated sodium borate; used as a flux or cleansing agent
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 19, 2023

FAQs

What is borax?

Borax, also known as sodium borate, is a mineral and a salt of boric acid.
Huma Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

Is boron essential for human health?

Boron has a role in human health, but it is not classified as an essential nutrient.
Janet White
Jan 14, 2024

What is boron?

Boron is a chemical element with the symbol B and atomic number 5.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 14, 2024

How is boron used in industry?

Boron is used in glassmaking, ceramics, and as an alloying agent in steel.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 14, 2024

Can boron be recycled?

Some boron-containing products, like glass, can be recycled.
Harlon Moss
Jan 14, 2024

What are the common uses of borax?

Borax is used for cleaning, as an insecticide, and as a fungicide.
Harlon Moss
Jan 14, 2024

How is borax mined?

Borax is usually mined from evaporated lake beds where it crystallizes.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 14, 2024

Can borax be consumed?

Borax is not safe for consumption and should be used only externally.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 14, 2024

Where is boron found in nature?

Boron is found in various minerals such as borax and kernite.
Janet White
Jan 14, 2024

Is borax eco-friendly?

Borax is generally considered eco-friendly but should be used responsibly.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 14, 2024

Does boron conduct electricity?

Pure boron is a poor conductor, but its compounds can conduct under certain conditions.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 14, 2024

Can borax be used in organic farming?

Borax can be used as a micronutrient in organic farming in limited amounts.
Janet White
Jan 14, 2024

How is boron extracted?

Boron is extracted from ore or produced as a byproduct of mining.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 14, 2024

Are there any environmental concerns with boron?

Excessive boron can be harmful to plants and ecosystems.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 14, 2024

Is boron a metal or non-metal?

Boron is a metalloid, possessing properties of both metals and non-metals.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 14, 2024

What is the chemical formula of borax?

The chemical formula of borax is Na2[B4O5(OH)4]·8H2O.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 14, 2024

Can borax be used in cooking?

Borax is not safe for use in cooking or food preparation.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 14, 2024

What is the role of boron in plants?

Boron is essential for plant cell wall strength and development.
Harlon Moss
Jan 14, 2024

Is borax harmful to pets?

Borax can be harmful if ingested by pets and should be used with caution.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 14, 2024

Is borax a natural product?

Yes, borax is a naturally occurring mineral.
Harlon Moss
Jan 14, 2024
About Author
Written by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

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