Difference Wiki

Survey vs. Questionnaire: What's the Difference?

Edited by Sara Rehman || By Sawaira Riaz || Published on November 29, 2023
A survey is a research method for collecting data from respondents, while a questionnaire is a set of questions used for gathering information.

Key Differences

A survey is a comprehensive method for collecting data, often involving various tools and techniques. It encompasses the entire process of data collection. A questionnaire, however, is specifically a tool used within a survey, consisting of a series of questions designed to gather information from respondents.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 29, 2023
Surveys are used to gather qualitative and quantitative information, and they can be conducted in various formats like interviews, online platforms, or phone calls. Questionnaires are limited to the format of written or digital questions and are focused solely on the content of the questions, not the method of delivery.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 29, 2023
The purpose of a survey is often broad, aiming to explore opinions, behaviors, or demographic information on a wide range of topics. A questionnaire is more focused, aiming to collect specific information or responses to particular questions.
Sara Rehman
Nov 29, 2023
Surveys include not just the collection of data but also the analysis and interpretation of the collected data. Questionnaires do not include the analysis of responses; they are only a medium for collecting data.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 29, 2023
In a survey, the interaction with respondents might be more engaging, often requiring trained personnel to conduct or administer. Questionnaires are generally self-administered, requiring less direct interaction between the researcher and the respondent.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 29, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Definition

A method of data collection involving various tools.
A set of written questions for gathering information.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 29, 2023

Scope

Encompasses entire data collection process.
Limited to the tool (set of questions) within a survey.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 29, 2023

Format

Can be conducted in multiple formats.
Typically in written or digital format.
Sara Rehman
Nov 29, 2023

Purpose

Broad, to explore a wide range of topics.
Specific, focused on certain questions or topics.
Harlon Moss
Nov 29, 2023

Analysis

Includes data analysis and interpretation.
Solely for data collection, no analysis included.
Harlon Moss
Nov 29, 2023
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Survey and Questionnaire Definitions

Survey

A survey is a systematic method of gathering, analyzing, and interpreting information.
The city's survey on public transport usage revealed a need for more buses.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 14, 2023

Questionnaire

A questionnaire is a series of questions designed for gathering information from respondents.
The research study used a detailed questionnaire to collect data on eating habits.
Harlon Moss
Nov 14, 2023

Survey

A survey is used to assess opinions, behaviors, or characteristics of a population.
The government's national health survey provided insights into the population's lifestyle habits.
Janet White
Nov 14, 2023

Questionnaire

A questionnaire is a written instrument used in surveys to collect data from individuals.
The feedback questionnaire at the event captured attendees' satisfaction levels.
Sara Rehman
Nov 14, 2023

Survey

A survey involves collecting data through questionnaires, interviews, or observations.
Researchers conducted a health survey in the community using face-to-face interviews.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 14, 2023

Questionnaire

A questionnaire is a structured form for acquiring responses on particular topics.
Participants filled out a questionnaire about their exercise routines for the fitness study.
Harlon Moss
Nov 14, 2023

Survey

A survey is a research tool used for collecting data from a specific group of people.
The company conducted a customer satisfaction survey to understand client feedback.
Harlon Moss
Nov 14, 2023

Questionnaire

A questionnaire is a tool for quantitative or qualitative analysis through specific questions.
The market research questionnaire helped the company understand consumer preferences.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 14, 2023

Survey

A survey can be descriptive, exploratory, or explanatory in its research approach.
An exploratory survey was conducted to gauge public interest in renewable energy.
Sara Rehman
Nov 14, 2023

Questionnaire

A questionnaire can be open-ended, close-ended, or a mix, depending on the information needed.
The employee questionnaire included both multiple-choice and open-ended questions.
Harlon Moss
Nov 14, 2023

Survey

To look over the parts, features, or contents of; view broadly
Surveyed the neighborhood from a rooftop.
Surveyed the shelves in the pantry.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Questionnaire

A form containing a set of questions, especially one addressed to a statistically significant number of subjects as a way of gathering information for a survey.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Survey

To look at or examine carefully and appraise
Surveyed the storm damage. ].
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Questionnaire

A form containing a list of questions; a means of gathering information for a survey
Carry out a questionnaire
Fill out a questionnaire
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Survey

The act of surveying; a general view.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Questionnaire

To survey using questionnaires
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Questionnaire

Same as Questionary.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Questionnaire

A list of questions, usually on a printed form, to be answered by an individual. The forms often have blank spaces in which the answers can be written. Sets of such forms are distributed to groups and the answers used for various purposes, such as to obtain statistical information for social science, political, or marketing research, or to obtain information about a patient for the use of medical practitioners.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Questionnaire

A form containing a set of questions; submitted to people to gain statistical information
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

FAQs

Can a survey include multiple questionnaires?

Yes, a survey can include multiple questionnaires to gather diverse data.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 29, 2023

Is a questionnaire always part of a survey?

Often, but a questionnaire can also be used independently of a survey.
Harlon Moss
Nov 29, 2023

What types of questions are in a survey?

Surveys can include a mix of open-ended and close-ended questions.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 29, 2023

Do surveys always require direct interaction?

Not always; some surveys, like online surveys, can be self-administered.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 29, 2023

What is a questionnaire?

A questionnaire is a set of written questions used for data collection.
Sara Rehman
Nov 29, 2023

Are questionnaires effective for quantitative data?

Yes, especially with structured, close-ended questions.
Harlon Moss
Nov 29, 2023

What is a survey?

A survey is a method of collecting and analyzing data from a group of people.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 29, 2023

Are questionnaires only used in academic research?

No, questionnaires are used in various fields, including business and healthcare.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 29, 2023

Can surveys be biased?

Yes, survey design and question wording can introduce bias.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 29, 2023

Can questionnaires be anonymous?

Yes, questionnaires can be designed to ensure respondent anonymity.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 29, 2023

How often should questionnaires be updated?

Regular updates are important to ensure relevance and accuracy.
Harlon Moss
Nov 29, 2023

How long should a survey be?

Surveys vary in length depending on the research objectives.
Janet White
Nov 29, 2023

Can surveys influence policy decisions?

Yes, surveys can provide valuable data for informing policy decisions.
Harlon Moss
Nov 29, 2023

Should questionnaires be easy to understand?

Yes, clarity and simplicity are key for effective questionnaires.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 29, 2023

Can a questionnaire be verbal?

Usually, questionnaires are written, but they can also be conducted verbally.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 29, 2023

Do surveys require ethical approval?

In many cases, especially involving sensitive topics, ethical approval is needed.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 29, 2023

Is feedback collection a form of questionnaire?

Yes, feedback forms are a type of questionnaire for gathering specific responses.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 29, 2023

Can a questionnaire contain demographic questions?

Yes, questionnaires often include demographic questions for contextual data.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 29, 2023

Who analyzes survey data?

Typically, researchers or analysts interpret survey data.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 29, 2023

Are surveys only for large populations?

Surveys can be conducted for both large and small populations.
Janet White
Nov 29, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.
Edited by
Sara Rehman
Sara Rehman is a seasoned writer and editor with extensive experience at Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Information Technology, she combines her academic prowess with her passion for writing to deliver insightful and well-researched content.

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