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Sublimation vs. Vaporization: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sumera Saeed || Published on December 14, 2023
Sublimation is the transition of a substance directly from solid to gas, while vaporization is the change from liquid to gas.

Key Differences

Sublimation involves a substance changing from a solid directly to a gas, bypassing the liquid phase. Vaporization, on the other hand, is the process where a liquid turns into a gas, either through evaporation or boiling.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 14, 2023
Sublimation occurs under specific conditions of temperature and pressure, often involving the absorption of energy. Vaporization requires energy to overcome the liquid's intermolecular forces, leading to its transformation into gas.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 14, 2023
Examples of sublimation include dry ice turning into carbon dioxide gas. Vaporization is observed when water boils or evaporates.
Huma Saeed
Dec 14, 2023
Sublimation is utilized in freeze-drying and in certain printing technologies. Vaporization is a key process in distillation and in the natural water cycle.
Harlon Moss
Dec 14, 2023

Comparison Chart

Initial State

Solid
Liquid
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Dec 14, 2023
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Final State

Gas
Gas
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Dec 14, 2023

Intermediate Phase

No intermediate liquid phase
Goes through a liquid phase
Huma Saeed
Dec 14, 2023

Energy Requirement

Requires energy to change phases
Requires energy to overcome liquid’s intermolecular forces
Sumera Saeed
Dec 14, 2023

Common Examples

Dry ice sublimating to CO2
Water boiling to steam
Sumera Saeed
Dec 14, 2023

Sublimation and Vaporization Definitions

Sublimation

It involves skipping the liquid phase entirely.
In sublimation, iodine crystals directly become vapor without becoming liquid.
Harlon Moss
Nov 24, 2023
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Vaporization

Involves either evaporation or boiling.
Vaporization of water occurs faster when the pot is boiling.
Janet White
Nov 24, 2023

Sublimation

Not all solids can sublimate.
Naphthalene balls used in wardrobes undergo sublimation over time.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 24, 2023

Vaporization

A natural and essential part of the water cycle.
The vaporization of lake water contributes to cloud formation.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 24, 2023

Sublimation

Occurs under certain pressure and temperature conditions.
Sublimation of snow and ice in the polar regions contributes to the water cycle.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 24, 2023

Vaporization

Requires absorption of energy to occur.
Vaporization of alcohol in hand sanitizer occurs rapidly due to its low boiling point.
Huma Saeed
Nov 24, 2023

Sublimation

Sublimation is the process where a solid turns directly into a gas.
Dry ice undergoes sublimation at room temperature.
Janet White
Nov 24, 2023

Vaporization

Vaporization is the change of a liquid to a gas.
When heated, water undergoes vaporization to become steam.
Janet White
Nov 24, 2023

Sublimation

Employed in various technological applications.
Sublimation printing is used for creating high-quality designs on fabric.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 24, 2023

Vaporization

Critical in the distillation process.
Vaporization is a key step in distilling spirits like whiskey.
Janet White
Nov 24, 2023

Sublimation

To be transformed directly from the solid to the gaseous state or from the gaseous to the solid state without becoming a liquid.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Vaporization

To convert or be converted into vapor.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Sublimation

(Chemistry) To cause (a solid or gas) to sublimate.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Vaporization

A conversion of a solid or a liquid into a gas.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Sublimation

(Psychology) In psychoanalytic theory, to divert or modify (an instinctual impulse or drive) into an activity or interest of higher social value.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Vaporization

A destruction of something by turning it into vapor.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Sublimation

(Chemistry) A product of sublimation.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Vaporization

The act or process of vaporizing, or the state of being converted into vapor; the artificial formation of vapor; specifically, the conversion of water into steam, as in a steam boiler.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Sublimation

(chemistry) The transition of a substance from the solid phase directly to the vapor state such that it does not pass through the intermediate liquid phase.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Vaporization

Annihilation by vaporizing something
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Nov 23, 2023

Sublimation

(psychology) The transformation of an impulse into something socially constructive.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Vaporization

The process of becoming a vapor
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Sublimation

Elevation; exaltation; a making sublime.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Sublimation

The act or process of subliming, or the state or result of being sublimed.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Sublimation

The act of heightening or improving; exaltation; elevation; purification.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Sublimation

That which is sublimed; the product of a purifying process.
Religion is the perfection, refinement, and sublimation of morality.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Sublimation

(chemistry) a change directly from the solid to the gaseous state without becoming liquid
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Sublimation

(psychology) modifying the natural expression of an impulse or instinct (especially a sexual one) to one that is socially acceptable
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

FAQs

Does vaporization always require heat?

Yes, heat is needed to provide energy for liquid molecules to become gas.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 14, 2023

What is sublimation?

It's the direct transition of a solid to gas, bypassing the liquid phase.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 14, 2023

What is vaporization?

It's the process of a liquid turning into gas, either through evaporation or boiling.
Huma Saeed
Dec 14, 2023

Can vaporization occur at room temperature?

Yes, through evaporation, like with water or alcohol.
Janet White
Dec 14, 2023

Is sublimation a common natural process?

It's less common than vaporization and occurs under specific conditions.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 14, 2023

What are examples of vaporization in daily life?

Boiling water, evaporating puddles, and drying clothes are common examples.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 14, 2023

Is boiling water an example of vaporization?

Yes, boiling is a form of vaporization where liquid turns into gas.
Harlon Moss
Dec 14, 2023

Is sublimation reversible?

Yes, the reverse process is called deposition, where gas turns into solid.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 14, 2023

What are industrial uses of vaporization?

Distillation, cooling systems, and power generation are some uses.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 14, 2023

Can all solids sublimate?

No, only certain solids like dry ice can sublimate under specific conditions.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 14, 2023

Is sublimation used in food processing?

Yes, particularly in freeze-drying to preserve food.
Janet White
Dec 14, 2023

Is sublimation involved in inkjet printing?

Yes, some inkjet printers use sublimation for transferring images.
Harlon Moss
Dec 14, 2023

Can sublimation occur at any temperature?

No, it requires specific temperature and pressure conditions.
Janet White
Dec 14, 2023

What is the difference in energy requirement for sublimation and vaporization?

Sublimation requires more energy as it involves breaking solid's stronger bonds.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 14, 2023

Do both processes require energy?

Yes, both require energy, but sublimation typically needs more.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 14, 2023

Are there any health risks with sublimation?

Depends on the substance; some, like naphthalene, can be harmful if inhaled.
Harlon Moss
Dec 14, 2023

Does vaporization affect humidity?

Yes, evaporating water contributes to atmospheric humidity.
Harlon Moss
Dec 14, 2023

Can vaporization occur under vacuum?

Yes, liquids can vaporize at lower temperatures under vacuum.
Janet White
Dec 14, 2023

What role does vaporization play in the water cycle?

It's crucial for forming clouds and precipitation in the water cycle.
Harlon Moss
Dec 14, 2023

Does sublimation leave any residue?

No, it doesn't leave residue as the solid directly becomes gas.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 14, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

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